- Preplanning and Preparing a Server Installation
- Setting Up the Windows Server 2003 Operating System
- Upgrading to Windows Server 2003
- Using Alternative Methods of Installation
- Performing an Unattended Windows Server 2003 Installation
- Installing Windows Server 2003 from an Image
- Installing Windows Server 2003 with Group Policy and Systems Management Server
- Updating a Windows 2003 Server with a Service Pack
- Preparing a System and Installing the Windows 2003 R2 Components
- Best Practices
Preparing a System and Installing the Windows 2003 R2 Components
Windows 2003 R2 is a series of add-on components to Windows 2003 and is not a new operating system installation. The operating system off which Windows 2003 R2 runs is Windows 2003 SP1 or higher. If a system needs to be updated to support the Windows 2003 R2 components, a Service Pack version of Windows should be installed. If a system already has a Service Pack installed, the Windows 2003 R2 components can be installed right on the service packed system.
Preparing the Installation of Windows 2003 R2
There are three scenarios of configurations where Windows 2003 R2 would be installed. One scenario is where a system either already has Windows 2003 installed but without a Service Pack; another scenario is where a system has Windows 2003 with a Service Pack installed; and the third scenario is where a system is being installed from scratch with the Windows 2003 R2 CDs.
Preparing a System Without Service Packs
For a Windows 2003 system that does not have a Service Pack installed, the system will first need to be updated with the latest Service Pack. See the "Updating a Windows 2003 Server with a Service Pack" section, earlier in this chapter, for instructions on installing a Service Pack for Windows 2003. When the system has Service Pack 1 or higher installed, the Windows 2003 R2 components can be added to the system.
Preparing a System with a Service Pack
If a Windows 2003 server already has Service Pack 1 or higher installed, the Windows 2003 R2 components can be installed right on the system.
Preparing Windows 2003 R2 from Windows 2003 R2 Media
For a system being configured from the Windows 2003 R2 media, you will notice Windows 2003 R2 comes with two CDs. One CD is the core operating system, which is the Windows 2003 operating system that has a slipstream copy of the Service Pack on the media. When installing Windows from the Windows 2003 R2 CD-1, the Service Pack will automatically be installed at the time of installation.
After CD-1 has been installed, the Windows 2003 R2 CD-2 can be inserted and the Windows 2003 R2 update can be installed on the system.
Installing the Windows 2003 R2 Component Files
After the base configuration of a system has been installed that includes Windows 2003 with Service Pack 1 or higher, the Windows 2003 R2 components can be installed. Not all the Windows 2003 R2 components need to be installed on the system at the same time. In fact, it is better to install only the desired components; otherwise, a system will have unneeded components that can take up system CPU performance or will open up a security "surface area" that can be attacked by worms and viruses. By selectively installing only the necessary components for Windows 2003 R2, the organization can limit its security exposure and also keep a system configured to have only necessary components operating on the system.
To access the Windows 2003 R2 components, do the following:
- Insert the Windows 2003 R2 CD-2 disc into the disc drive.
- Autoplay will launch a installation window that will allow you to install the Windows 2003 R2 components. Choose Continue Windows 2003 R2 Setup.
- Depending on whether the server has a Service Pack installed, you might get a warning notifying you that you will not be able to uninstall the Windows 2003 R2 update once you proceed with the installation. Click Yes if you do not plan to downgrade the server of its Service Pack.
- From the Welcome screen of the Windows 2003 R2 component installer, choose Next to proceed.
- A Setup Summary screen will appear, notifying you that it will begin copying the Windows 2003 R2 components onto the system. Click Next to continue.
- After all the Windows 2003 R2 files have been copied, click Finished when prompted.
Installing Specific Windows 2003 R2 Components
After the Windows 2003 R2 components have been copied onto the server, the server administrator can choose which Windows 2003 R2 components should be installed and enabled on the server. To install Windows 2003 R2 components, do the following:
- Determine which Windows 2003 R2 components you want to be enabled.
- From the desktop of the Windows 2003 server, click Start, Control Panel, Add/Remove Programs.
- Click the Add/Remove Windows Components option.
- Select the desired Windows components to add (those familiar with the normal list of Windows components to choose from will notice that new components now exist). After selecting the desired components to install, click Next to begin the installation process.
- After the Windows components have been installed on the system, click Finished when prompted.
Configuring the Individual Windows 2003 R2 Components
With the Windows 2003 R2 components installed and enabled on the server, each of the new components will typically need to be customized and configured. Sections throughout this book will cover the detailed component installation and configuration steps applicable to the component installed. The following chapters have more details on the configuration of individual Windows 2003 R2 components:
- Active Directory Federation Services is covered in Chapter 8, "Integrating Active Directory with Novell, Oracle, Unix, and NT4 Directories."
- Active Directory in Application Mode is covered in Chapter 8.
- Network File System (NFS) is covered in Chapter 8.
- Print Management Console (PMC) is covered in Chapter 19, "Windows Server 2003 Administration."
- Distributed File System Replication (DFS) is covered in Chapter 30, "File System Fault Tolerance."
- SharePoint Services is covered in Chapter 36, "Windows SharePoint Services."
- File Server Resource Manager is covered in Chapter 19.
- Subsystem for UNIX Applications/Identity Management for UNIX is covered in Chapter 8.