Home > Articles > Web Services > XML

  • Print
  • + Share This
Like this article? We recommend

The ZwiftBooks Challenge

Having seen how REST and SOAP can be used to define a web services infrastructure, let’s look at how we can use these technologies to build a ZwiftBooks web service. As resident XML guru, you’ve been tasked with working with the IT department to establish a quote system based on web services. The goal is for clients to be able to query the ZwiftBooks server with ISBN and ZIP code and get back a price and time quote for any book.

Gary, the chronically negative IT manager, hasn’t taken fondly to this new initiative. He claims that the project will require ZwiftBooks to build a database of all books in print, and to integrate it with an auxiliary database of list prices. He estimates that will take at least 12 months and two additional programmers to implement such a system. Derisively, he turns to the VP of technology and sneers, "Unless maybe our XML guru here has one of his XML solutions."

All eyes are on you as you calmly walk up to the whiteboard and draw the diagram shown in Figure 3, illustrating how ZwiftBooks can leverage the existing Amazon Web Services to obtain the list price of any book based on ISBN.

Figure 3

Figure 3 The ZwiftBooks price/time web service based on repackaging price information from Amazon.com.

Your recommendation is to set up the ZwiftBooks web service as a front end to the Amazon.com service, extracting the list price of the book and adding a fixed percentage for delivery and a fixed delivery time. This will allow ZwiftBooks to return a price quote for any ISBN in the Amazon.com database. Once the basic system is in place, a little additional work can be done to filter the data based on books in the warehouse and location, but the essential infrastructure can be set up in the time it takes to deploy Java servlet code that queries the Amazon server, adds $50 to the list price, and defaults to some arbitrary but doable delivery time. The basic code is shown in Listing 3. Here’s the output:

<?xml version=’1.0’ encoding=’utf-8’?>
<quote xmlns="http://www.zwiftbooks.com">
 <time>2 days</time>
 <priceTime>89.00 in 2 days</priceTime>

Gary excuses himself for a cup of coffee as you enter the program and proceed to demo it. The VP of technology is impressed. To see your prototype in action, enter the following REST query string into a browser and point it at the ZwiftBooks web service.


***Don’t link the code line above.

Pretty amazing what a little XML can do!

Listing 3 Java code for the ZwiftBooks price/time quote web service.

import java.io.FileReader;
import java.util.Iterator;
import javax.xml.stream.*;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;
import com.bea.xml.stream.util.ElementTypeNames;
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import javax.xml.stream.*;
import java.net.*;
import java.io.*;

 * Java code that repackages price information obtained
 * from an Amazon.com web service

public class ZBGetPriceTimeQuote {

 private static boolean foundPriceElement = false;
 private static boolean foundPriceValue = false;

 public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

  String isbn = "0201776413"; // Any valid ISBN will do

  // From Listing 1

  String xmlstring = executeAmazonWebService(isbn);
  String price = extractPrice(xmlstring);
  System.out.println("Amazon price = " + price);

  // Add $50 to the Amazon price
  int amazonPrice =
   (int)Double.parseDouble(price.substring(1, price.length()) );
  String zbPrice = String.valueOf(amazonPrice) + ".00";

  // Generate XML based on the computed price

 public static String extractPrice(String xmlstring)
          throws Exception {
 String resultString = "Not Found";

 // Specify the Parser Factory we want to use

 // Get an input factory
 XMLInputFactory xmlif = XMLInputFactory.newInstance();

 // Turn our string of XML into a byte array and feed
 // it directly to our parser/reader
 byte [] buf = xmlstring.getBytes();
 ByteArrayInputStream xmlstream =
   new ByteArrayInputStream(buf);

 // Instantiate a reader
 XMLStreamReader xmlr =

 // Use StAX to parse the XML - looking for Amazon ListPrice element
 while(xmlr.hasNext()) {

  switch (xmlr.getEventType()) {

   case XMLStreamConstants.START_ELEMENT:

   String localName = xmlr.getLocalName();
   if (localName.equals("ListPrice")) {
    foundPriceElement = true;
   } // end if

   case XMLStreamConstants.END_ELEMENT:

     String localName = xmlr.getLocalName();
     if (localName.equals("ListPrice")) {
     foundPriceElement = false;
     } // end if

   case XMLStreamConstants.CHARACTERS:
    if (foundPriceElement) {
     resultString = xmlr.getText();
     foundPriceValue = true;

   default: break;
  } // end switch

  // If we have located the price, no need to keep parsing,
  // one of the advantages of StAX
  if (foundPriceValue)
  else xmlr.next(); // Keep parsing

 } // end parsing loop
 return resultString;

 public static void generateZBPriceTimeQuote (String zbPrice
            throws Exception {

   String ZWIFTBOOKS = "http://www.zwiftbooks.com";

   // Create an output factory
   XMLOutputFactory xmlof = XMLOutputFactory.newInstance();

   // Create an XML stream writer
   XMLStreamWriter xmlw =

   // Write XML prologue

   // Now start with root element

   // Set the namespace definitions to the root element
   // Declare the default namespace in the root element


   xmlw.writeCharacters("2 days");

   xmlw.writeCharacters(zbPrice + " in 2 days");


   // Write document end. This closes all open structures
   // Close the writer to flush the output

// Method from Listing 2
 public static String executeAmazonWebService(String isbnString)
             throws Exception {

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020