Home > Articles

  • Print
  • + Share This
This chapter is from the book

Working with Web Pages and Other Content

A website is simply a repository of related files and subdirectories. Websites typically contain files of the following types:

  • Static web pages—An HTML page is a static web page. Unlike an ASP.NET page, it contains only HTML content—no Web controls and no source code. As its name implies, the content of these types of files is static, and cannot be altered based on user input, server-side data, or other criteria.
  • ASP.NET web pages—ASP.NET pages are the dynamic web pages in your site. They are implemented as two files: PageName.aspx, which contains the HTML portion; and PageName.aspx.vb, which contains the source code portion.
  • Image files—Most websites have various images, logos, and clip art. These image files typically are stored on the website, either in the root directory or in an Images subdirectory.
  • Configuration files—ASP.NET websites contain a configuration file named web.config, which provides server-side setting information.
  • Style sheet files—Style sheets are files that spell out display information. For example, in your site you might want all content to be displayed in the Arial font and have content within <h1> tags displayed in italics. You can specify this aesthetic information through style sheet files. For more information on style sheets, refer to http://www.w3schools.com/css/.
  • Script files—In addition to server-side source code, a web page may contain client-side script code. This is code that is sent to and runs on the end user’s web browser. Often this script is packaged in a separate script file on the web server, which the browser requests as needed.

This list of file types enumerates the most commonly found file types on a web server but is hardly exhaustive. A rock band’s website, for example, might also have MP3 files available for download. Additionally, numerous ASP.NET-specific files can optionally be added to your website to provide various types of functionality. We’ll be learning about many of these different ASP.NET-specific file types throughout this book.

Adding Content to Your Website

When you create a new website using the ASP.NET Web Site template, the new website has the web.config file along with a single ASP.NET page, Default.aspx (which is really composed of two files, Default.aspx and Default.aspx.vb). You can easily add additional files and folders through the Solution Explorer. From the Solution Explorer, start by right-clicking on the website name; this will bring up the context menu shown in Figure 3.3.

Figure 3.3

Figure 3.3 To add a new file or folder, right-click on the website name in the Solution Explorer.

To add a new folder to your website, select the New Folder item from the context menu. To add a new file, choose Add New Item. Selecting Add New Item will display the Add New Item dialog box (see Figure 3.4). The Add New Item dialog box lists the wide variety of types of files that can be added. Notice that there are file types for each of the popular file types enumerated earlier, in addition to many other types.

Figure 3.4

Figure 3.4 The Add New Item dialog box allows you to choose the type of file to add.

At the bottom of the Add New Item dialog box, you’ll find a series of options. The options displayed depend on what file type you have decided to add. For Web Forms, which are the item type name for ASP.NET pages, there are four options:

  • Name—This indicates what the file will be named.
  • Language—This dictates the language of the page’s server-side source code portion.
  • Place Code in Separate File—This specifies whether the source code portion should be implemented as a second file (PageName.aspx.vb) or if server-side <script> blocks will be used instead.
  • Select Master Page—A master page is a site-wide template that can be applied to ASP.NET pages to maintain a consistent look and feel across the site. If you are using master pages, you can check this option to assign a master page to the newly created ASP.NET page.

The Language drop-down list value for the ASP.NET page’s source code portion will be the same language choice you specified when creating the website. However, a single ASP.NET website can have web pages that use different programming languages for their source code portions. However, I recommend against this approach and encourage you to stick with a single, unified programming language choice across all ASP.NET pages for a given website.

Although ASP.NET pages will work just as well if their source code portion is in the .aspx page in a server-side <script> block or if it is relegated to a separate file (PageName.aspx.vb), keep in mind that all of the examples we’ll be working through in this book use the separate page model. Therefore, when adding a new ASP.NET page to your website, be sure to check the Place Source Code in a Separate File check box. Doing so will create both the PageName.aspx and PageName.aspx.vb files.

Let’s practice adding a new ASP.NET page to our website. Imagine that in addition to Default.aspx, we also want to have a second ASP.NET page, DisplayTime.aspx. To add this page to your website, perform the following steps:

  1. Go to the Solution Explorer and right-click on the website name.
  2. Choose Add New Item from the context menu.
  3. From the Add New Item dialog box (see Figure 3.4), select to add an item of type Web Form.
  4. Enter DisplayTime.aspx for the page’s Name, leave the Language setting as Visual Basic, and check the Place Source Code in a Separate File check box.
  5. Click the Add button to create the new ASP.NET page.

You can follow these same steps to add other types of resources to your website. Of course, the options present in step 4 will differ depending on the type of item being added.

Adding Existing Content

Along with adding new content to your website, you can use Visual Web Developer to easily add existing content. You may already have an image file on your hard drive or an ASP.NET page from another project that you want to include in this project as well. If that’s the case, you can add an existing item by right-clicking on the website name in the Solution Explorer and choosing Add Existing Item.

Choosing this option will display the standard file browsing dialog box. From here, you can navigate to the folder on your hard drive that contains the content you want to add, select it, and click the Add button. This will copy over the selected item to your website’s directory, making it part of your website now.

Moving, Renaming, and Deleting Content

Along with adding new folders and files, from the Solution Explorer you can also move and delete content. To move content among the folders in your website, simply drag the file or folder from its existing location to a new file or folder.

To rename or delete a file or folder, start by right-clicking on the item in the Solution Explorer. This will bring up the context menu shown in Figure 3.5. As you can see from the figure, Rename and Delete menu items are available. Simply click on the appropriate menu item to rename or remove the selected file or folder.

Figure 3.5

Figure 3.5 Select the appropriate menu item from the context menu.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020