Home > Articles > Programming > Java

This chapter is from the book

2.7 Showing Advice In AJDT

AJDT contains a lot of features designed to help you understand and be aware of the effects of advice in your program. The primary means are the editor and Outline view, but there is also a visualization view and the capability to generate documentation.

2.7.1 The Outline View

Let's look at the Outline view for the PolicyChangeNotification aspect. This is shown in Figure 2.33, with the node for the after returning advice fully expanded. Notice how the Outline view shows us all the places that the advice advises. To be slightly more precise, the Outline view is showing us all the places in the program source code that will give rise to a join point at runtime that will be matched by the pointcut expression associated with the advice. Just like the declare warning matches in the Outline view, these matches are links, too. If you click one, it will take you to the corresponding source location.

Figure 2.33Figure 2.33 Showing the effect of advice in the Outline view.

If we click the first match in the list, HousePolicyImpl.setWorth (double), the editor opens on the source file containing the definition of the HousePolicyImpl class, at the setWorth method. The Outline view updates to display the outline for the HousePolicyImpl class, as shown in Figure 2.34. The node for the setWorth method has been expanded, and we can see that it has been "advised by" the after returning advice in the PolicyChangeNotification aspect. The setAddress method has also been advised, the plus sign (+) next to its node in the tree view gives us a cue, and if we expanded it we would see the "advised by" relationship as we do for setWorth. Once again the entries shown under "advised by" are hyperlinks that can be used to navigate to the definition of the advice affecting the method, simply by clicking.

Figure 2.34Figure 2.34 An advised method in the Outline view.

2.7.2 The Editor

Now let's look at the editor buffer we just opened on HousePolicyImpl.java. This is shown in Figure 2.35. There are two key points to note in this figure. First, in the left margin next to the setWorth and setAddress methods, we see an advice marker (the arrow pointing down and to the right). This tells us that there is after advice in place on these methods. In other words, after returning from the execution of the setWorth and setAddress methods, some advice will run.

Figure 2.35Figure 2.35 Advised methods in the editor.

In the right margin, we see the overview ruler for the whole source file. In this margin, there are check marks indicating the presence of advice (and also the warnings generated by the declare warning statement). You can click these check marks to navigate to the corresponding location in the source file.

Returning our attention to the advice markers in the left margin once more, they tell us that the method has after returning advice, but not which advice. As we have already seen, we can use the Outline view to find that out. Another option is to right-click the advice marker to bring up the context menu, as shown in Figure 2.36.

Figure 2.36Figure 2.36 Using the context menu to discover advice.

Selecting the Advised by option in the menu brings up a list of all the advice affecting the method. Selecting one of the items in the list (in Figure 2.36 there is only one) opens the editor on the advice declaration.

2.7.3 Documentation and Visualization

AJDT also provides a visualization view that gives you an overview of the source files in your application and where the advice defined in aspects matches lines of source code that will give rise to advised join points at runtime. Figure 2.37 shows an example of the kind of views it produces.

Figure 2.37Figure 2.37 Visualization view.

Each vertical bar represents an individual source file. The highlighted bars contain lines of code that will give rise to join points matched by advice at runtime. The stripes on the highlighted bars indicate the places that advice applies. You can click these to navigate. In this example, the Visualiser is highlighting the classes in the policy hierarchy. Chapter 12 provides more detail on using the Visualiser.

A final way of understanding the effects of advice is through the documentation that AJDT produces via the ajdoc tool (ajdoc is AspectJ's version of the javadoc tool). We show you how to use AJDT to generate documentation in Chapter 4.

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020