Home > Articles

Layers in Dreamweaver

This chapter is from the book

Sizing, Positioning, and Modifying Layers with the Properties Inspector

After inserting content into a layer, you might need to resize it. For example, in Figure 12.10, you'll notice that I inserted an image into the layer; however, the layer is much larger than the graphic. With the layer selected, you can grab the bottom-right corner handle by clicking and dragging it all the way into the graphic. When you drag into the graphic and attempt to make the layer smaller than the content, the layer automatically resizes to the smallest possible size, not leaving an excess space around the graphic.

Figure 12.10Figure 12.10 In this figure, the layer is much larger than the content inside it. Grab the handles on the side to resize the layer.

To precisely resize the layer, you should use the Properties Inspector. With the layer selected, as shown in Figure 12.11, the Properties Inspector offers a host of options.

Figure 12.11Figure 12.11 The Properties Inspector offers a series of options for manipulating the selected layer.

If you have the dimensions of the image (if you don't, select it, and the Properties Inspector provides you with the width and height information), you can size the layer to equal those dimensions. With the layer selected in the Properties Inspector, you can enter in a value for the width and height of the layer. Enter the values of the width and height from the image, and the layer will size perfectly around the graphic.


You can also resize the layer pixel-by-pixel by holding down the Command (Mac) key or Ctrl (Windows) key and simultaneously pressing an arrow in the direction that you want to increase or decrease the size of the layer.

Sizing Multiple Layers

Dreamweaver enables you to change the dimensions of more than one layer at a time. To select multiple layers, you can use a couple of options. The first iswill be selected, as shown in Figure 12.12. to hold down the Shift key on the keyboard as you click each of the layers in the document. Second, you can highlight the top layer in the Layers panel, and then hold down the Shift key and click the bottom layer in the panel; all the layers in between will be selected, as shown in Figure 12.12.

Figure 12.12Figure 12.12 You can easily select multiple layers by holding down the Shift key while selecting layers in the Layers panel.

After selecting more than one layer, you can resize them all through the Properties Inspector by entering values for the width and height. You also have the option of choosing Modify, Align, Make Same Height or Make Same Width. When you choose this option, the layers will size to the width and height of the first drawn layer, unless you've deleted it, in which case it will use the largest layer to size the rest of the layers.

Positioning Layers

There are many options for positioning layers outside of the CSS Style option we looked at earlier. The most obvious way is to click and drag the handle in the top-left corner of the layer. This enables you to place the layer anywhere you want, positioning it by eye. You can also select the layer and move it pixel-by-pixel with the arrow keys on the keyboard. However, if you want to be absolutely precise, you can set the layer's Left and Top coordinates through the Properties Inspector.

Positioning Layers Through the Properties Inspector

If you want to position a layer using the Properties Inspector, you can position the layer by adding values in the L and T options. The value you enter here represents a number relative to the document's top-left corner and the layer's top-left corner. For example, if you entered 0 in both spaces, the layer's top-left corner would be flush with the document's top-left corner. Add or subtract the number of pixels you want to move the layer toward or away from the top-left corner. If you type in negative values, the document will crop the layer, and some or all of the content will not be visible in a browser window.

Nesting Layers

You can easily place a layer inside another by nesting. The easiest way to nest a layer is to turn nesting on in the Preferences dialog box. You can access the Preferences dialog box by choosing Edit, Preferences. In the layers portion of the dialog box, be sure to select the Nesting option. With this option selected, if you draw a layer inside another, you're guaranteed that the layer will be nested inside the layer you're drawing into.

A nested layer is much like a nested table. The nested layer moves with the parent layer and it can inherit the parent's visibility attribute.

Nested layers sometimes yield unpredictable results in different Web browsers and will almost certainly choke many versions of Netscape.

Changing Attributes of a Layer

When a layer is selected, several options become available for that layer through the Properties Inspector, as shown in Figure 12.13.

Figure 12.13Figure 12.13 The Properties Inspector offers several options for altering the appearance or properties of a layer.

With all these options available, it may be confusing as to what they can offer in terms of altering the layer. Here's a small breakdown:

  • Layer ID Use this option to name the layer. Whatever you name your layer, that name can be used for communication with JavaScript or other behaviors. If you change the Layer ID in the Properties Inspector, it updates the Layers panel and vice versa. When naming layers, avoid spacing and special characters.

  • L and T Use these options to set the position of the location of the layer's top-left corner, relative to the top-left corner of the document.

  • W and H Type in a value for the dimensions of your layer size in width and height.

  • Z-Index This option determines how close or how far away a layer appears to the screen. The highest number is the top-most layer and the lowest number is the bottom-most layer. You can set the z-index by typing a value into this text field or by using the Layers panel.

  • Vis The initial value for this is Default. Many browsers interpret this as visible; however, you might want to choose Visible from the drop-down menu, just to play it safe. You can also choose Hidden, which will make the layer invisible. The hidden choice is commonly used in conjunction with some behaviors. Refer to Chapter 11, "Behaviors," for more information on using layers with behaviors. Another option is available, called Inherit. This option is used for child layers nested inside parent layers. The nested layer will take on the same attributes as the parent. I discuss nested frames in greater detail later in this chapter.

  • BG Image This option is much like a table. You can set an image to appear behind the layer. If the image is smaller than the layer, it will repeat itself to create a tiled effect.

  • BG Color Like tables, you can use this option to set a background color for a layer.

  • Overflow and Clip These options are discussed in detail in the following section.

  • Class This option enables you to apply a CSS style class to the selected layer.


As you know, you can set an absolute size for a layer in the Properties Inspector. However, if you size the layer smaller than the content that is inside the layer, the overflow attribute will control how that content appears. There are four supported overflow attributes:

  • Visible This is the default setting. Visible will ignore the parameters you set for the width and height of the layer and automatically resize the layer to display all its contents.

  • Hidden This option crops the content that appears outside the specified dimensions so that it's not visible.

  • Scroll This makes horizontal and vertical scrollbars appear, regardless of the need for them.

  • Auto This option makes the horizontal and vertical scrollbars appear only if they are needed.

The Overflow attribute is supported by Internet Explorer 4.0 and later, as well as Netscape 6 and later. It's also important to note that the Overflow option will not appear in the Dreamweaver MX 2004 authoring environment. You'll have to preview the page in a browser version just mentioned to see the results. Refer to Figure 12.14 to get an idea as to what the overflow attribute will look like when published.


The Clipping option for layers is much like cropping an image in an image-editing program. However, the layer doesn't physically remove the excess image information; rather, the layer behaves like a mask, hiding the specified content.

In the Properties Inspector, you enter in values for the Left, Top, Right, and Bottom. All these value are measured from the layer's top-left corner. The values can be set to any unit accepted by the CSS standards, which include pixels (default), inches, centimeters, millimeters, ems, or picas.

Normally, you would type in a value for each of the options; however, you can use the word auto. Auto will set the Left and Top coordinates to 0,0, whereas auto in the Right and Bottom attributes will leave them virtually unchanged.

Figure 12.14Figure 12.14 Notice the differences between the overflow attributes. The attributes are visible only in the Web browser.

Use the Clipping Attribute

In this exercise you're going to crop the appearance of an image using the clipping attribute in the layer's Properties Inspector. Often it can be tricky as to what values you should enter in the Left, Top, Right, and Bottom attributes; however, you can use a temporary layer to help with finding those values. To precisely clip a layer, follow these steps:

  1. Draw or insert a new layer. After the layer is placed within the document, insert an image into that layer.

  2. Next you're going to draw a layer inside the existing layer. If you do not have nesting turned on in your preferences, hold down the Command (Mac) key or Ctrl (Windows) key while drawing the layer to turn nesting on temporarily. Draw the layer in the location in which you want to clip the image.

  3. Shift the layer around for precise placement. After having the layer positioned properly, write down the dimensions in the Properties Inspector for the Left, Top, Width, and Height.

  4. After you've jotted down the measurement values, delete the layer.

  5. Next, highlight the layer in which the image resides. In the clip values in the Properties Inspector, enter the same values that you copied from the temporary layer. Enter the Width and Height values you copied into the Right and Bottom options, respectively.

  6. As Figure 12.15 shows, the layer has masked out the portion of the image that was outside the original temporary layer.

Figure 12.15Figure 12.15 The image in the layer has been masked to display only the area that was inside the original temporary layer.

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020