1. 
The portion of the population that is selected for analysis is called:

a sample

a frame

a parameter

a statistic

2. 
A summary measure that is computed from only a sample of the population is called:

a parameter

a population

a discrete variable

a statistic

3. 
The height of an individual is an example of a:

discrete variable

continuous variable

categorical variable

constant

4. 
The body style of an automobile (sedan, coupe, wagon, etc.) is an example of a:

discrete variable

continuous variable

categorical variable

constant

5. 
The number of credit cards in a person's wallet is an example of a:

discrete variable

continuous variable

categorical variable

constant

6. 
Statistical inference occurs when you:

compute descriptive statistics from a sample

take a complete census of a population

present a graph of data

take the results of a sample and draw conclusions about a population

7. 
The human resources director of a large corporation wants to develop a dental benefits package and decides to select 100 employees
from a list of all 5,000 workers in order to study their preferences for the various components of a potential package. All
the employees in the corporation constitute the _______.

sample

population

statistic

parameter

8. 
The human resources director of a large corporation wants to develop a dental benefits package and decides to select 100 employees
from a list of all 5,000 workers in order to study their preferences for the various components of a potential package. The
100 employees who will participate in this study constitute the _______.

sample

population

statistic

parameter

9. 
Those methods involving the collection, presentation, and characterization of a set of data in order to properly describe
the various features of that set of data are called:

statistical inference

the scientific method

sampling

descriptive statistics

10. 
Based on the results of a poll of 500 registered voters, the conclusion that the Republican candidate for U.S. president will
win the upcoming election is an example of:

inferential statistics

descriptive statistics

a parameter

a statistic

11. 
A summary measure that is computed to describe a characteristic of an entire population is called:

a parameter

a population

a discrete variable

a statistic

12. 
You were working on a project to look at the value of the American dollar as compared to the English pound. You accessed an
Internet site where you obtained this information for the past 50 years. Which method of data collection were you using?

Published sources

Experimentation

Surveying

13. 
Which of the following is a discrete variable?

The favorite flavor of ice cream of students at your local elementary school

The time it takes for a certain student to walk to your local elementary school

The distance between the home of a certain student and the local elementary school

The number of teachers employed at your local elementary school

14. 
Which of the following is a continuous variable?

The eye color of children eating at a fastfood chain

The number of employees of a branch of a fastfood chain

The temperature at which a hamburger is cooked at a branch of a fastfood chain

The number of hamburgers sold in a day at a branch of a fastfood chain

15. 
The number of cars that arrive per hour at a parking lot is an example of:

a categorical variable

a discrete variable

a continuous variable

a statistic

16. 
The possible responses to the question "How long have you been living at your current residence?" are values from a continuous
variable.

True

False

17. 
The possible responses to the question "How many times in the past three months have you visited a museum?" are values from
a discrete variable.

True

False

18. 
An insurance company evaluates many variables about a person before deciding on an appropriate rate for automobile insurance.
The number of accidents a person has had in the past three years is an example of a _______ variable.

19. 
An insurance company evaluates many variables about a person before deciding on an appropriate rate for automobile insurance.
The distance a person drives in a day is an example of a _______ variable.

20. 
An insurance company evaluates many variables about a person before deciding on an appropriate rate for automobile insurance.
A person's marital status is an example of a _______ variable.
