Home > Articles > Certification > Other IT

  • Print
  • + Share This
This chapter is from the book

This chapter is from the book

Understanding NSS

Test Objective Covered:

  • Set Up and Configure NSS

As network users and applications have become more sophisticated in the twenty-first century, so has their insatiable appetite for storage. One of the greatest demands you'll face is the need for more storage, larger files, more efficient file management, and faster volume mounting speeds. NSS is the answer.

NSS is a 64-bit file storage system that enables you to configure, mount, and maintain large volumes. NSS is best suited for networks that need to store and maintain large volumes, numerous files, or large databases. Does that sound like your network?

In this first lesson, we'll explore the sophisticated NSS architecture. But before we dive into the NSS architecture, let's summarize the differences between NetWare 6 NSS and the traditional file system.

NSS is an extension of the traditional NetWare file system. In NSS, storage devices are organized into storage deposits, and partitions are organized into storage pools. Table 3.6 compares key NSS improvements to NetWare's traditional file system.

Comparing NetWare 6's Two File Systems: NSS Versus Traditional


NSS File System

Traditional File System

Architecture Components

Storage device, storage deposit, partition, storage pool, volume

Storage device, partition, volume

Maximum File Size

8TB (terabytes)


Files per Volume

8 trillion

16 million

Volume Mounting Performance



Simultaneously Mounted Volumes



Management Tools

ConsoleOne, Remote Manager

ConsoleOne, Remote Manager

Unfortunately, there's a downside to this wonderful NSS story. With all its power, NSS does not support the following two features:

  • Block suballocation

  • Auditing

Despite these current limitations, you'll want to use NSS as your primary (and maybe exclusive) file system in NetWare 6. NSS provides you with the advances of high storage capacity and increased data access performance.

NSS is designed to make use of storage space regardless of its location. To accomplish this, Novell has added additional abstraction layers to file system management. As shown in Figure 3.9, the primary architecture differences between NSS and the traditional file system focus on two abstraction layers: storage deposits and storage pools. NSS also supports logical volumes that enable you to add storage devices to your system without having to create new volumes. NSS architecture consists of five interface layers that work together to present multiple storage devices as a single, cohesive file system to users. The five layers are illustrated in Figure 3.9 and described in the following list:

  • Storage devices—NSS storage devices are simply hardware components that store NetWare data as electronic bits. Storage devices include hard drives, CD-ROM drives, and offline storage media (such as tape devices). The beauty of NSS is that storage devices are organized independently from volumes, and can therefore be added and removed from your network without adversely affecting volume architecture. Of course, data files that reside on storage devices that have been removed are no longer available to users.

  • Storage deposits—Storage deposits are effectively free space. NSS gathers free space from unpartitioned areas of storage devices or available free space inside existing NetWare volumes. When NSS removes free space from a NetWare volume, the traditional file system acknowledges the reduction in free space and identifies the storage deposit as a file. Storage deposits are further organized into partitions.

  • Partitions—Partitions are pieces of storage deposits that have been configured for a specific operating system. In the case of NSS, partitions are typically configured for NetWare. Partitions are further organized into NSS storage pools.

  • Storage pools—A storage pool is a specific amount of file system space that is obtained from one or more storage devices. Storage pools are created after partitions but before NSS logical volumes. After a pool has been created, you can add storage devices to your server without affecting the volume hierarchy. Storage pools are the primary logical abstraction layer between NetWare volumes and multiple storage devices. Storage pools are further organized into volumes.

  • Volumes—NSS supports three types of volumes: logical volumes, traditional volumes, and read-only volumes. Logical volumes are new to NetWare 6. They're subsets of NSS storage pools that can be set to a specific size or allowed to grow dynamically according to the amount of physical space that you have in your pool. A single volume cannot be larger than its host storage pool because all NSS logical volumes must reside in a single pool. By default, NetWare 6 creates a storage pool named SYS and an equally sized logical volume named SYS:. Traditional volumes are also supported in NetWare 6, but do not reference storage pools. Instead, traditional volumes must be created directly as subsets of partitions, as shown in Figure 3.9. Read-only volumes are physical file system objects that reference CD-ROM storage devices. The cool thing about NSS is that it supports multiple volume types simultaneously.

Figure 3.9FIGURE 3.9 NSS and traditional file system architectures.

Clearly, NSS is much more complex than the traditional file system. The good news is that most of its architecture is transparent to users. The storage pool layer enables you to add and subtract storage devices without affecting the file system hierarchy. This is a critical improvement over the fixed architecture found in earlier versions of NetWare.

This completes our lesson in the basic architecture of NSS. As you've learned, this new storage technology is a huge improvement over the traditional NetWare file system. The good news is that most of this sophistication is transparent to users. The bad news is that network administrators must learn much more about how to configure and manage this new architecture. Fortunately, that's the subject of our next lesson.

Brain Snack

One last time, let's test your ability to "see what isn't there." The man from the country at the top of the Himalayas came by plane to meet the man from the Far East who was wearing a chain around his neck. What was the weather when they met the man from the Middle East?

(Q3-3) (See Appendix C for all Brain Snack answers.)

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020