Home > Articles > Programming > C/C++

  • Print
  • + Share This
This chapter is from the book

Implementing the Replacement Functions

The last step is to implement the actual games logic within the main request handler class. One nice feature added to the editing of SRFs is the ability to right-click a replacement tag and have the replacement function automatically added for you within the request handler class. Therefore, right-click the UserGuessedCorrectly tag and select Add Tag Handler from the context menu. Continue this same process and add tag handlers for GetNumGuesses and GetLastError.

Before you implement the replacement functions, you'll need a few member variables to keep track of state within your application. Using the Class Viewer, right-click the CNumberGuessHandler class within the NumberGuess project and select Add, Add Variable from the context menu. Set the member access level to private, set the variable type to int, and give it the variable name m_iMagicNumber. This is the number the user will try to guess. Repeat the process and add another private integer with the name m_iNumGuesses. Finally, add one more variable with the same access level, set the type to TCHAR?, and give it the name m_szLastError.

The first replacement function you are going to implement is the function responsible for determining whether the user has guessed the number correctly: the UserGuessedCorrectly function.

First, you need to get the value the user entered from the input box. This value will be passed in as a form variable. Anytime you need to get details about the request from the client, you can use the member variable m_HttpRequest, which is a CHttpRequest object. This variable is created in a base class from which you are deriving. To get the value of form variables, you simply create a local variable of type CHttpRequestParams and assign it the result of a call to the CHttpRequest member function GetFormVars. This will give you a collection of all the form controls and their associated values. To get at the input box control's value, you can use the GetField member function provided by your local CHttpRequestParams variable, passing it the name of the form variable you are requesting. Take caution: The function can return a NULL value if the form value doesn't exist. This happens the first time the page is loaded because the form hasn't been submitted yet. You can, however, use this to your advantage.

You need a good place to generate the random number that the user is trying to guess. The function ValidateAndExchange may be a tempting place to put this code, but the comment that says to add initialization code is a little misleading. The ValidateAndExchange function is called each time your SRF is loaded. This means that it is loaded each time the user clicks the Submit button. If you place your random number–generation code there, a random number is generated each and every time the user tries to guess. In other words, the user's chances of guessing the number correctly would be virtually zero. Therefore, the UserGuessedCorrectly function should check the return value of the GetField function call. If the value is not NULL, it should check to see whether it is between the required range of 1 to 100 and, if not, set the last error member variable to a proper value and return HTTP_S_FALSE. If the number is within the range, you should check to see whether it is lower, higher, or exactly the same as your randomly generated magic number. If it is the same, HTTP_SUCCESS should be returned so that the conditional in the SRF evaluates to True and the congratulations statement is rendered. Your code should look similar to Listing 14.3.

Listing 14.3 Implementation of UserGuessedCorrectly Tag Replacement Function

 1: [ tag_name(name = "UserGuessedCorrectly") ]
 2: HTTP_CODE OnUserGuessedCorrectly(void)
 3: {
 4:  // Get form fields collection from the request
 5:  const CHttpRequestParams& theFields = m_HttpRequest.GetFormVars();
 6:
 7:  if( theFields.Lookup( "UserGuess") != NULL )
 8:  {
 9:    int iGuess = _ttoi( theFields.Lookup( "UserGuess" ));
10:
11:    if( iGuess < 1 || iGuess > 100 )
12:    {
13:      _tcscpy( m_szLastError, "You must enter a number 
14:       between 1 and 100." );
15:      return HTTP_S_FALSE;
16:    }
17:
18:    // increment number of steps
19:    m_iNumGuesses++;
20:
21:    if( iGuess < m_iMagicNumber )
22:    {
23:      _tcscpy( m_szLastError, "Your guess is too low." );
24:      return HTTP_S_FALSE;
25:    }
26:
27:    if( iGuess > m_iMagicNumber )
28:    {
29:      _tcscpy( m_szLastError, "Your guess is too high." );
30:      return HTTP_S_FALSE;
31:    }
32:
33:    // user guessed correctly
34:    return HTTP_SUCCESS;
35:  }
36:  else
37:  {
38:    // user has started a new game
39:    srand( (unsigned)time( NULL ) );
40:    m_iMagicNumber = (rand()%100)+1;
41:    
42:    // reset number of guesses
43:    m_iNumGuesses = 0;
44:
45:    return HTTP_S_FALSE;
46:  }
47: }

Now it's time to finish implementing the two remaining replacement functions: OnGetLastError and OnGetNumGuesses. OnGetLastError is responsible for rendering the last error message the user has encountered. In order to send content down the response stream to render on the client's browser, you use the m_HttpResponse member variable, which is an instance of CHttpResponse. Rendering content on the client uses a stream-based method of rendering. Therefore, you use the stream operator << for any data you want to render. In this case, you should check to make sure m_szLastError is not empty. If it's not, you need to render it to the m_HttpResponse stream, as shown in Listing 14.4. Finally, the last function, OnGetNumGuesses, should render the value of the variable m_iNumGuesses, which is also shown in Listing 14.4.

Listing 14.4 Rendering Content Using the HTTP Response Stream

 1: [ tag_name(name = "GetLastError") ]
 2: HTTP_CODE OnGetLastError(void)
 3: {
 4:  if( _tcscmp( m_szLastError, _T("") ) )
 5:  m_HttpResponse << "<FONT color=#ff0000>* </FONT>" << m_szLastError;
 6:
 7:  return HTTP_SUCCESS;
 8: }
 9:
10: [ tag_name(name = "GetNumGuesses") ]
11: HTTP_CODE OnGetNumGuesses(void)
12: {
13:  m_HttpResponse << m_iNumGuesses;
14:  return HTTP_SUCCESS;
15:}
  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020