Home > Articles > Certification > Microsoft Certification

.NET Application Development

In this sample chapter, Richard Grimes discusses the issues that will arise when you come to develop .NET applications. Learn what constitutes a component and what extra facility you get with controls, how to develop a control that will integrate with the IDE's Toolbox and Properties windows, and how you can make it easier for the users of your controls to change their properties.
This sample chapter is excerpted from Developing Applications with Visual Studio.NET, by Richard Grimes.
This chapter is from the book

In this chapter I want to discuss the issues that will arise when you come to develop applications. A .NET application that lacks a user interface typically is made up of components, and UI applications consist of forms that have components and controls. Visual Studio.NET has been designed to make developing applications simple and to aid rapid application development (RAD) by allowing you to generate code simply by dragging and dropping components.

I will start by explaining what constitutes a component and what extra facility you get with controls. I will then show you how to develop a control that will integrate with the IDE's Toolbox and Properties windows, and how you can make it easier for the users of your controls to change their properties.

The world we live in moves day by day to a single global market, so it is extremely important that your application, components, and controls not be tied to a single locale. Internationalization in .NET is carried out with locale-specific resources. The VS.NET IDE has been designed to make the internationalizing process as simple as possible, and I'll show you how this works and how the localized resources are deployed. .NET resources are handled differently from Win32 resources, so I will show you how to create resources and how to include Win32 resources in your assemblies when .NET resources are deficient.

8.1 Developing Components

I mentioned in Chapter 6 that components are items that implement ICompo-nent. This interface derives from IDisposable, which means that components allow explicit management of their resources, and will inform interested classes when they are disposed of. In addition, the IComponent interface has a Site property that is initialized to the site of a container:

// C# 
public interface IComponent : IDisposable 
     ISite Site { get; set; } 
     event EventHandler Disposed; 
     // IDisposable members 
     void Dispose(); 

A container implements the IContainer interface:

// C# 
public interface IContainer : IDisposable 
     ComponentCollection Components { get; } 
     void Add(IComponent component); 
     void Add(IComponent component, String string); 
     void Remove(IComponent component); 
     // IDisposable members 
     void Dispose(); 

As the name suggests, the ComponentCollection class is an enumerable collection. The Add() and Remove() methods allow you to add components to this collection and remove them. The fact that IContainer derives from IDisposable is important because containers are used to hold resources (the components), so when an object that uses components is disposed of, the components should be disposed of too, through the implementation of IContainer.Dispose().

When you create a Windows Forms application you'll find that a container is created for you, as in this example:

// C# 
public class MyForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form 
      private System.ComponentModel.Container 
          components = null; 
      public MyForm() { InitializeComponent(); } 
      protected override void Dispose(bool disposing) 
          if (disposing) 
              if (components != null) components.Dispose(); 
         base.Dispose( disposing ); 
     private void InitializeComponent() 
          this.components = 
              new System.ComponentModel.Container(); 
          this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(300,300); 
          this.Text = "My Form"; 

The container member is not required. Indeed, if you write forms code by hand (e.g., in C++), you can dispense with the container member as long as you call Dispose() on each component.

The VS.NET Toolbox window contains a tab with standard components: classes for the event log, MSMQ queues, performance counters, and of course the timer component. These components lack a user interface, but you can still drag and drop them onto a form in the Windows Forms designer, which will generate code to add the component to the form class and will display that you are using the component by showing an icon at the bottom of the Designer window. You can access a component's properties by selecting the component in the Designer window and then switching to the Properties window.

Creating components is relatively straightforward. Your component, of course, must derive from IComponent, and the best way to do this is to derive from Component. The component will most likely be used as an item in the Toolbox window, so it will need a Toolbox image (which I'll explain later).

When you drag a component from the Toolbox window and drop it on a form in the Designer window, you are actually creating an instance of the component. It is important therefore that the component does not rely on constructor parameters; instead, your component should be initialized through properties. For example, look at how the System.Timers.Timer component is used:

When you drag and drop a timer onto a form, the generated code will create the component using its default constructor, and the interval of the timer is initialized through the Interval property, even though the Timer class has a constructor that takes an interval parameter.

Some components—for example, EventLog and MessageQueue—allow you to access resources. Such components are great examples of components because they consist of code that GUI applications will use, but they themselves do not have a UI. Your components are likely to give access to similar resources.

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020