Home > Articles > Programming > Windows Programming

  • Print
  • + Share This
This chapter is from the book

COM+ 1.5 Component Services

Windows XP and Windows .NET Server will contain COM+ 1.5 and with it a lot of new functionality, including:

  • Process recycling

  • Configurable isolation level

  • Applications as Windows services

  • Memory gates

  • Pause/disable applications

  • Process dumping

  • Moving and copying components

  • Public/private components

  • Application partitions

  • COM+ applications exposed as XML Web Services

We will discuss each of these features in the rest of this section.

Process Recycling

A simple way of escaping the problems with memory leakage is to restart the server process now and then. With process recycling, you can declaratively tell how and when this should happen—for example, after a certain amount of requests or every night.

NOTE

I once wrote a Web application that had a memory leak. The customer thought it was a cheap solution for them to just reboot the machine every weekend because they had people working then anyway. I preferred to try to solve the problem instead of using a Band-Aid, but they didn't see this as a problem at all. Of course, process recycling would have been more convenient for them.

Configuration Isolation Level

In COM+ 1.0, the transaction isolation level was always SERIALIZABLE for COM+ transactions against SQL Server. (Oracle gets the same request to set the isolation level to SERIALIZABLE, but neglects this and uses READ COMMITTED instead. This is because Oracle uses versioning instead of locking for concurrency control, and then READ COMMITTED is used most often enough.)3 In the past, this has been a major constraint to keep in mind when designing for COM+, but in COM+ 1.5, it will be possible to configure the needed isolation level.

Applications as Windows Services

Some of the component services, such as queued components, need a started COM+ application to work. In COM+ 1.5 it is possible to run COM+ applications as Windows services. This also comes in handy if you like to run the application as the local system account, to make it possible to act with the privileges from that user. This is also a solution to the short delay that might otherwise be apparent when the first request is made to a COM+ server application after system boot (or after the application has been shut down).

Memory Gates

The Memory Gates feature prevents the creation of objects when the amount of free memory falls below a certain level. The reason for this functionality is to avoid adding objects when there's not enough memory to support their operations. Strange errors occur when a system runs out of memory, and it is hard to trap for errors in components in this environment. In fact, most components aren't even tested for low memory conditions, so it is better that they don't get called at all if the system has run out of memory.

Pause/Disable Applications

In COM+ 1.0, you can't pause a COM+ application. Instead, you have to delete the component if, for any reason, you don't want anybody to use it for a certain amount of time. In COM+ 1.5, you can both pause and disable applications.

Process Dumping

To make debugging easier in COM+ 1.5, it will be possible to take a snapshot of the process without having to stop the process. This snapshot can then be used with a debugger to examine the exact state when the problem occurred.

Moving and Copying Components

Often, it is useful to be able to let the same component appear several times, in several applications. That is especially the case for helper components. Assume that one helper component is used by five different COM+ applications. In COM+ 1.0, all five applications have to be upgraded at the same time to use the new version of the helper. I generally prefer to upgrade step-by-step instead. Therefore, it's common that helpers are reused in source-code form instead of as binary components. In COM+ 1.5, it will be possible to configure the same physical component several times and in different ways.

Public/Private Components

In COM+ 1.0, all components are public. In COM+ 1.5, it will be possible to set a component to be private to the current application. The less you expose externally, the easier it is for you to make changes in the future to the application.

Application Partitions

The purpose of application partitions is to partition a machine so that applications don't disturb each other. A typical situation when application partitions are of great use is in data centers. Consider the possibility of running several instances of SQL Server 2000 in one single machine.

COM+ Applications Can Be Exposed as XML Web Services

If you want to expose some functionality of a COM+ application as XML Web Services, COM+ 1.5 makes that easy. You can achieve that automatically with the help of the Component Services Explorer.

NOTE

Now that I have sounded like a salesperson for a while, I'd like to say that I was told by Microsoft that there are no plans to add the functionality of COM+ 1.5 to Windows 2000. Only time will tell.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020