Home > Articles > Security > Network Security

  • Print
  • + Share This
Like this article? We recommend

Battlefield 2001

Imagine a battlefield system that uses artificial intelligence, allowing commanders to simulate the action before they go to the battlefield. Or, imagine a high-speed intranet that links navy bases and, ultimately, battleships via audio and videoconferencing. Or, imagine an Army and Air Force procurement system that embraces the Fortune 1000's best practices to seamlessly move military supplies to where they are needed when they are needed.

As the world finds itself in the war against terrorism, these and other scenarios are quickly becoming a reality. Shortly after the September 11th attacks, the DOD's Joint Information Operations Center awarded $30 million to CACI to develop a system to model and simulate battlefield situations to train senior commanders in managing information operations. EDS was awarded a $6.9 billion contract to build The Navy Marine Corps Internet (NMCI), a project that will eventually provide more than 400,000 sailors and Marines with the ability to exchange data, audio, and video over a secure network linking more than 300 sites. And Keane Federal Systems was recently awarded a $127 million contract to build an Integrated Logistics System Supply to update the U.S. Air Force's supply chain. ("Military Might," VAR Business, October 15, 2001.)

Technology is amplifying the Pentagon's power to spot and attack an elusive enemy. There are numerous developments, including new techniques for covert surveillance, the use of smart weapons, and vision enhancement for the troops. Radar-equipped planes, satellites, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) such as Global Hawk can find and follow moving targets, map terrain, and eavesdrop on communications. New smart bombs and cruise missiles, guided by GPS signals, not only can find targets in any weather, but they also can distinguish a bus from a truck and hit the right one. Ground troops equipped with night-vision systems (capable of seeing from 500 yards to several miles through the dark) can let commandos confirm terrorist camps without getting too near, while satellite technology allows them to upload what each team member sees to a command center. Because of such developments, today's soldiers do not need to get belly to belly to get confirmation of a target. ("From Smart to Brilliant Weapons," BusinessWeek, October 8, 2001.)

Knowing position location is of immense value to many military and commercial applications. The significant reduction in the cost and size of GPS receivers has fueled developments in recent years. According to one company producing such ultra–wide-band localizers, Aetherwire & Location, Inc., the combination of telecommunication and accurate position location capability within devices introduces the potential for a host of new military and commercial applications, including these:

  • Monitoring large numbers of sensors dispersed over an area for nuclear, biological, or chemical threats

  • Performing geospatial registration for war fighter visualization

  • Synthesizing large-aperture antennas for tight beam communication, using scattered transceivers that know their precise relative location and synchronization

  • Surveying and handling construction

  • Keeping track of mines, armaments, equipment, vehicles, and so on

  • Keeping track of personal items, such as one's children, pets, car, purse, and luggage

  • Doing inventory control in stores, warehouses, shipyards, railroad yards, and so on

  • Finding fire fighters in a burning building, police officers in distress, or injured skiers on a ski slope

  • Arbitrating rules in a sports game, playing back motions for coaching, or viewing the re-creation of an event.

  • Implementing home automation, with keyless locks and rooms that adjust light, temperature, and music sound level

  • Automatically adjusting camera focus and motion-tracking for matching digital effects in motion pictures

For the first time, soldiers can view spy satellite ground photos in near–real time, using the Broadcast Request Imagery Technology Experiment (BRITE). The compact system can be carried into the field and operated with a laptop computer. Military units equipped with the system can radio ground coordinates to controllers of satellites. The controllers aim the satellites at the requested target and transmit high-resolution satellite pictures to the ground troops. This allows a unit to view a region, such as a suspected terrorist training camp on the other side of a mountain, in near–real time and can make more precise tactical decisions. Officials say that the system is ideally suited for a clandestine war on terrorism. Spy satellite coverage can be conducted 24 hours with a resolution of as small as 4 inches across. ("Search for Bin Laden extends to Earth Orbit," USA Today, October 11, 2001.)

Just last year, a platoon from the 82nd Airborne Division was among the first group of soldiers to go into combat exercises wearing computer-oriented equipment. The platoon's equipment included a helmet-mounted video display, an M-4 rifle that can use either a video or a thermal sight, a radio that includes a GPS receiver, two computers, and two thin film batteries to power everything for 12 hours in the field. The soldiers were to use their GPS receivers, digital compasses, and laser range-finders to locate targets, and then to use their "radios" to relay target information to other platoon members and to artillery units. ("Future Soldier", Popular Science, July 2000.)

As Ray Kurzweil predicts, "By the end of this decade, we'll have images written directly to our retinas from our eyeglasses and contact lenses, very high bandwidth wireless connection to the Internet available at all times, and the electronics for all this woven into our clothing." Today's battlefield wearables may become tomorrow's fashion statements. ("A Dialog with the New York Times on the Technological Implications of the September 11 Disaster.")

As the sun set on September 11th, we approached the dawning of a new era in communications. An era characterized by wearable computing, visual and sensory communications, wireless networking, position location, distributed architectures, and biometric security. Today's military applications will likely become tomorrow's commercial successes.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020