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Migrating Users and Applications to Windows 8.1

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Learn how to migrate users and their profiles to Windows 8.1, configure folder redirection, and configure profiles in this chapter from MCSA 70-687 Cert Guide: Configuring Microsoft Windows 8.1.
This chapter is from the book

This chapter covers the following subjects:

  • Migrating Users and Their Profiles: Microsoft provides methods you can use for migrating user files plus desktop and application settings from one computer to another: the User State Migration Tool (USMT) and the Windows Easy Transfer Wizard. This section shows you how to use these tools and provides guidelines as to when you should use each one.
  • Configuring Folder Redirection: You can redirect library folders such as documents, music, pictures, and videos to common locations such as shared folders on a server. This enables you to keep track of users’ documents and ensure that they are properly and regularly backed up. Group Policy provides policy settings that can be used to enforce folder redirection.
  • Configuring Profiles: Windows provides user profiles that are composed of desktop settings, files, application data, and the specific environment established by the user. You can configure roaming user profiles that are stored on a server so that they are available to users regardless of the computer they access, or mandatory profiles that users are not able to modify.

Many companies can purchase new computers with Windows 8.1 already loaded or upgrade certain computers from Windows XP, Vista, or 7. Users who will be working with these computers may have been using older Windows computers for several years, and these computers will have applications with user- or company-specific settings as well as important data on them. Microsoft provides tools to assist you in migrating users and applications to new Windows 8.1 computers, and it expects you to know how to perform these migrations in an efficient manner as part of the 70-687 exam.

“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz

The “Do I Know This Already?” quiz allows you to assess whether you should read this entire chapter or simply jump to the “Exam Preparation Tasks” section for review. If you are in doubt, read the entire chapter. Table 3-1 outlines the major headings in this chapter and the corresponding “Do I Know This Already?” quiz questions. You can find the answers in Appendix A , “Answers to the ‘Do I Know This Already?’ Quizzes.”

Table 3-1 “Do I Know This Already?” Foundation Topics Section-to-Question Mapping

Foundations Topics Section

Questions Covered in This Section

Migrating Users and Their Profiles

1–5

Configuring Folder Redirection

6–7

Configuring Profiles

8–9

  1. You have been called to help a home user who has bought a Windows 8.1 computer move her documents and settings from her old computer running Windows XP Home Edition to the new computer. What tool should you use?

    1. Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
    2. User State Migration Tool (USMT)
    3. Windows Easy Transfer
    4. Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK)
  2. Your company is migrating 50 users in one department from old computers running Windows XP Professional to new computers running Windows 8.1 Pro. What tool should you use?

    1. Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
    2. User State Migration Tool (USMT)
    3. Windows Easy Transfer
    4. Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK)
  3. Which of the following items are components included with USMT 5.0?(Choose all that apply.)

    1. ScanState.exe
    2. LoadState.exe
    3. Migwiz.exe
    4. MigApp.xml
    5. Migapp.exe
    6. Usmtutils.exe
  4. You are charged with the responsibility of migrating 100 users in the same department to new Windows 8.1 Pro computers. What program should you use to collect user settings and data from their old computers?

    1. ScanState.exe
    2. LoadState.exe
    3. Migwiz.exe
    4. Fastwiz.exe
  5. You have stored user settings and data from all the employees in your company’s Marketing department on a file server. You have also set up new Windows 8.1 computers for these employees and installed all required applications. What program should you use now to transfer the user settings and data to these new computers?

    1. ScanState.exe
    2. LoadState.exe
    3. Migwiz.exe
    4. Xcopy.exe
  6. Which of the following folders can you redirect to a shared folder on a server so that they can be easily backed up? (Choose all that apply.)

    1. Documents
    2. Music
    3. Pictures
    4. Videos
  7. Which of the following are components of a domain-based folder redirection implementation? (Choose all that apply.)

    1. A Windows Server 2012 R2 computer configured as a router
    2. A Windows Server 2012 R2 computer configured as a domain controller
    3. A group policy object (GPO) that specifies folder redirection settings
    4. A Windows Server 2012 R2 computer configured as a global catalog server
    5. A Windows Server 2012 R2 computer configured with a shared folder accessible to network users
  8. You want to ensure that all users on your company’s network are provided with common settings that appear on any computer on the network, regardless of the computer they log on to. Further, you want to ensure that these settings cannot be modified by users and kept after logging off. What profile type do you configure?

    1. Roaming profile
    2. Mandatory profile
    3. Local profile
    4. Permanent profile
  9. You want to copy a user profile so that another user of the same computer can use the same settings specified in the first profile. What do you do?

    1. From the System dialog box, click Advanced system settings. In the System Properties dialog box that appears, select the Profiles tab, select the default profile, and then click Copy To. Then type or browse to the desired location and click OK
    2. From the System dialog box, click Advanced system settings. In the System Properties dialog box that appears, select the Profiles tab and then click Settings. Select the default profile and click Copy To . Then type or browse to the desired location and click OK.
    3. From the System dialog box, click Advanced system settings . In the System Properties dialog box that appears, select the Advanced tab and then click Settings under User Profiles. Then, in the User Profiles dialog box, select the default profile and click Copy To . Then type or browse to the desired location and click OK.
    4. In File Explorer, browse to %systemdrive%\Users\Default User\ Profiles. Right-click this folder, choose Copy, browse to the desired user in the Users subfolder, access the \Profiles subfolder of this user, right-click it, and choose Paste.
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