Home > Articles > Web Services > WebSphere

  • Print
  • + Share This
This chapter is from the book

This Book and Its Organization

We tried to organize this book in an easy-to-understand manner. To begin, we discuss Jython.3 Chapters 2 through 5 describe Jython with enough detail that those unfamiliar with it should be able to readily “pick up” the language and use it effectively.

It should be noted that this book is not meant to be an introduction to programming or even an introduction to the Jython programming language. We could easily fill hundreds more pages on just the topic of “Programming with Jython.” There are lots of books, papers, and websites that discuss the syntax and semantics of Python and therefore the Jython programming language.4 This book is not intended to replace nor duplicate the information available elsewhere. If you already feel comfortable with Jython (or more precisely Python) as a programming language, you might be able to skip the chapters that describe Jython and begin with Chapter 6.

For those readers who might be less familiar with Jython as a programming language, this book attempts to present the rules, characteristics, and properties of Jython in a logical order, so as to build a solid foundation of information. A little is presented at time and then revisited and expanded upon, providing reinforcement through repetition. Additionally, each chapter is filled with working examples to help you better understand not only the Jython code, but the wsadmin scripting objects as well. Almost all of the examples described are available from the IBM Press website for this book5 and are provided to minimize the need to search other sources for useful examples.

Chapter 6, “wsadmin,” explores the wsadmin command in detail and explains the command and its parameters thoroughly. A number of the parameters don’t seem to get a lot of use. That may be because when you first start using wsadmin, you can quickly get to a subset of the parameters that you use “all the time.” For many tasks, this is a reasonable approach to getting the job done. However, in so doing, you might have forgotten or not even realize that some wsadmin parameter exists that might make your life easier. This chapter will help broaden your understanding of this command. You never know, you may even find something that you can use right away.

Chapter 7, “Introduction to Admin Objects,” is a must-read because it explains how to configure wsadmin in order to use many of the examples shown later in the book. The wsadmin properties that are shown in this chapter (specifically the changing of the profiles directive) provide an environment upon which many of the later examples depend.

Chapter 8, “The AdminConfig Object,” is the beginning of the explanation of the wsadmin scripting objects. Specifically, it explains the AdminConfig scripting object in great detail. Many administrative scripts deal primarily with the AppServer configuration use and depend upon this scripting object for the vast majority of these manipulations. A number of useful examples are provided to demonstrate just how helpful this scripting object can be.

Chapter 9, “The AdminControl Object,” describes the AdminConfig scripting object in similar detail. This object is used by scripts that need to manipulate active AppServer objects (MBeans). So this chapter is full of useful information for those types of scripts.

Chapter 10, “The AdminApp Object,” covers the AdminApp scripting object in detail. This object is used to list, view, install, uninstall, and modify AppServer applications. As such, this chapter explains how to perform these operations using the AdminApp object methods.

Chapter 11, “The AdminTask Object—Server Management,” is where we begin the description of some of the AdminTask scripting object methods. The AdminTask object is enormous. Additionally, as is explained in this chapter, the methods included vary based upon a number of factors. The scope (as in breadth and depth) of this object is huge. It includes hundreds and hundreds of methods. As such, there is no way for it to be adequately covered in a single chapter. In fact, Chapters 12 through 15 largely deal with AdminTask object methods. That’s not all they cover, but it is at the core of each of these chapters.

Chapter 12, “Scripting and Security,” deals with scripting and security. As such, it addresses a number of security-related items. Anyone who needs to administer an enterprise application server should be familiar with the topics described in this chapter.

Chapter 13, “Databases and Authorization,” covers databases and authorization. Even though the configuration and administration of database-related resources can seem overwhelming, this chapter presents these topics in a simple fashion. You discover the easy way to configure the database-related resources (“the plumbing,” if you will) required for interactions with a database. These explanations include descriptions about the properties you can control and those that are automatically configured for you. The chapter then moves into exploring and manipulating the more complicated aspects and properties of database-related resources and then finishes with a detailed explanation of commonly used database and authorization AdminTask methods.

Chapter 14, “Messaging,” is all about messaging. This complicated topic is explored in detail but explained simply. The chapter starts by discussing messaging basics and then adds a discussion of security. It ends by explaining the more commonly used messaging AdminTask methods in great detail.

Chapter 15, “Administering Web Services,” is all about Web services. So what exactly are Web services? The IBM online documentation has this to say about Web services:

  • Web services are self-contained, modular applications that can be described, published, located, and invoked over a network. They implement a services-oriented architecture (SOA), which supports the connecting or sharing of resources and data in a very flexible and standardized manner. Services are described and organized to support their dynamic, automated discovery and reuse.

This chapter describes Web services and explains how they should be managed. It also discusses policies, policy sets, bindings and even the use of keystores for the security-related aspects of Web services.

Lastly, Chapter 16, “Version 7.0 Scripting Libraries,” is about the scripting object libraries that are included in version 7 of the AppServer product. These Jython libraries demonstrate some techniques for the management and manipulation of AppServer entities. Some people find the programming interface provided by some of the wsadmin scripting objects difficult to understand and even harder to work with. These libraries present another approach and provide methods that use simpler parameter lists to some of these scripting object methods.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020