- Starting Up the Terminal
- Moving around the Filesystem
- Manipulating Files and Folders
- System Information Commands
- Searching and Editing Text Files
- Dealing with Users and Groups
- Getting Help on the Command Line
- Searching for Man Files
- Using Wildcards
- Executing Multiple Commands
- Moving on to More Advanced Uses of the Command Line
Moving around the Filesystem
Commands for moving around the file system include the following:
- pwd: The pwd command will allow you to know the directory in which you're located (pwd stands for "print working directory").For example, pwd in the desktop directory will show ~/Desktop. Note that the GNOME Terminal also displays this information in the title bar of its window. See the example presented in Figure A-1.
The cd command will allow you to change directories. When you open a terminal you will be in your home directory. To move around the file system you will use cd. For example, cd ~/Desktop will move you to your desktop directory.
- To navigate into the root directory, use cd /
- To navigate to your home directory, use cd~
- To navigate up one directory level, use cd ..
- To navigate to the previous directory (or back), use cd -
- To navigate through multiple levels of directory at once, use cd / var/www for example, which will take you directly to the /www subdirectory of /var/.