Home > Articles > Security > Network Security

  • Print
  • + Share This
This chapter is from the book

Access Lists on Switches

The switch supports the following four types of ACLs for traffic filtering:

  • Router ACL
  • Port ACL
  • VLAN ACL
  • MAC ACL

Router ACL

As the name implies, Router ACLs are similar to the IOS ACL discussed in Chapter 2, "Access Control," and can be used to filter network traffic on the switched virtual interfaces (SVI). (SVI interfaces are Layer 3 interfaces on VLANs, on Layer 3 physical interfaces, and on Layer 3 EtherChannel interfaces.) Both standard and extended ACLs are supported. For more details to configure Router ACL, refer to Chapter 2.

Port ACL

Port ACLs are similar to Router ACLs but are supported on physical interfaces and configured on Layer 2 interfaces on a switch. Port ACL supports only inbound traffic filtering. Port ACL can be configured as three type access lists: standard, extended, and MAC-extended.

Processing of the Port ACL is similar to that of the Router ACLs; the switch examines ACLs associated with features configured on a given interface and permits or denies packet forwarding based on packet-matching criteria in the ACL.

When applied to a trunk port, the ACL filters traffic on all VLANs present on the trunk port. When applied to a port with voice VLAN, the ACL filters traffic on both data and voice VLANs.

The main benefit with Port ACL is that it can filter IP traffic (using IP access lists) and non-IP traffic (using MAC access list). Both types of filtering can be achieved—that is, a Layer 2 interface can have both an IP access list and a MAC access list applied to it at the same time.

VLAN ACL (VACL)

VLAN ACL (also called VLAN map) provides packet filtering for all types of traffic that are bridged within a VLAN or routed into or out of the VLAN. Unlike Router ACL, VACL is not defined by a direction (input or output). All packets entering the VLAN (bridged or routed) are checked against the VACL. It is possible to filter traffic based on the direction of the traffic by combining VACLs and Private VLAN features.

VACLs are processed in hardware, so there is no performance penalty in processing them. Therefore, they are also referred to as wire-speed ACLs. The forwarding rate remains unchanged regardless of the size of the access list because the lookup of VACLs is performed in hardware.

VACL on a Bridged Port

Figure 4-2 illustrates where the VACL is processed when VACL is applied on a bridged port for traffic from Host A in VLAN 5 that is communicating to Host B in VLAN 10 through the switch.

Figure 4-2

Figure 4-2 VACL on a Bridged Port

VACL on a Routed Port

Figure 4-3 illustrates how IOS ACL and VACL are applied on routed packets and Layer 3 switched packets. Following is the order of processing:

  1. VACL for input VLAN
  2. Input IOS ACL
  3. Output IOS ACL
  4. VACL for output VLAN
Figure 4-3

Figure 4-3 VACL on a Routed Port

Configuring VACL

Perform the following steps to configure and apply a VACL (VLAN access map) on the switch:

  1. Define the standard or extended access list to be used in VACL.
  2. Define a VLAN access map.
  3. Configure a match clause in a VLAN access map sequence.
  4. Configure an action clause in a VLAN access map sequence.
  5. Apply the VLAN access map to the specified VLANs.
  6. Display VLAN access map information.

Example 4-6 shows how to define and apply a VACL to drop packets matching access list 1 from network 192.168.1.0/24; all other packets matching access list 2 are forwarded. The VACL is applied to VLANs 5 through 10.

Example 4-6. VACL Configuration Example

Switch(config)#access-list 1 permit 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255
Switch(config)#access-list 2 permit any
Switch(config)#vlan access-map mymap 10
Switch(config-access-map)#match ip address 1
Switch(config-access-map)#action drop
Switch(config-access-map)#exit
Switch(config)#vlan access-map mymap 20
Switch(config-access-map)#match ip address 2
Switch(config-access-map)#action forward
Switch(config-access-map)#exit
Switch(config)# vlan filter mymap vlan-list 5-10
Switch(config-access-map)#end

Switch# show vlan access-map
Vlan access-map "mymap"  10                              
  Match clauses:                                         
    ip address: 1                                        
  Action:                                                
    drop                                                 
Vlan access-map "mymap"  20                              
  Match clauses:                                         
    ip address: 2                                        
  Action:                                                
    Forward                                              

Switch# show vlan filter
VLAN Map mymap is filtering VLANs:                       
  5-10                                                   

MAC ACL

MAC ACL, also known as Ethernet ACL, can filter non-IP traffic on a VLAN and on a physical Layer 2 interface by using MAC addresses in a named MAC extended ACL. The steps to configure a MAC ACL are similar to those of extended named ACLs. MAC ACL supports only inbound traffic filtering.

To define the MAC Extended ACL, use the mac access-list extended command. Several non-IP protocols are supported.

After the MAC ACL is created, it can be applied to a Layer 2 interface using the mac access-group [acl-name] in command to filter non-IP traffic received on the interface.

Example 4-7 shows how to define and apply a MAC ACL to drop all (non-IP) AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol (AARP) packets, allowing all other types of traffic.

Example 4-7. MAC ACL Configuration Example

Switch(config)# mac access-list extended my-mac-acl
Switch(config-ext-macl)# deny any any aarp
Switch(config-ext-macl)# permit any any
Switch(config-ext-macl)# exit
Switch(config)# interface Fastethernet0/10
Switch(config-if)# mac access-group my-mac-acl in
Switch(config-if)# end
Switch#
  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020