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This chapter is from the book

This chapter is from the book

Oracle supports a rich selection of privileges that are assigned with the GRANT command, and removed with the REVOKE command.

System Privileges

System privileges are granted and revoked to users and roles and generally apply to an entire class or group of objects. To be able to GRANT or REVOKE a system privilege, the user must have been granted the privilege with the ADMIN OPTION, or have the GRANT ANY PRIVILEGE system privilege.

Table 1-17. System Privileges

Class

Privilege

Applies To

Clusters

Create Cluster

A cluster in its own schema

 

Create Any Cluster

Any cluster in any schema

 

Alter Any Cluster

Any cluster in any schema

 

Drop Any Cluster

Any cluster in any schema

Contexts

Create Any Context

Any context namespace

 

Drop Any Context

Any context namespace

Database

Alter Database

The database

 

Alter System

ALTER SYSTEM statements

 

Audit System

AUDIT sql statements

Database Links

Create Database Link

Private links in own schema

 

Create Public Database Links

Public database links

 

Drop Public Database Links

Public database links

Debugging

Debug Connect Session

Current Session can be connected to a JDWP (Java Debug Wire Protocol) debugger

 

Debug Any Procedure

All PL/SQL and Java code in any database object

Dimensions

Create Dimension

Dimensions in own schema

 

Create Any Dimension

Dimensions in any schema

 

Alter Any Dimension

Dimensions in any schema

 

Drop Any Dimension

Dimensions in any schema

Directories

Create Any Directory

Directory database objects

 

Drop Any Directory

Directory database objects

Indextypes

Create Indextype

Indextypes in own schema

 

Create Any Indextype

Indextypes in any schema

 

Alter Any Indextype

Indextypes in any schema

 

Drop Any Indextype

Indextypes in any schema

 

Execute Any Indextype

Indextypes in any schema

Indexes

Create Any Index

Any table in any schema or a domain index in any schema

 

Alter Any Index

Any schema

 

Drop Any Index

Any schema

 

Query Rewrite

Materialized views or function-based index in own schema

 

Global Query Rewrite

Materialized views or function-based index in any schema

Libraries

Create Library

External procedure or function library in own schema

 

Create Any Library

External procedure or function library in any schema

 

Drop Any Library

External procedure or function library in any schema

Materialized Views

Create Materialized View

Materialized view in own schema

 

Create Any Materialized View

Materialized view in any schema

 

Alter Any Materialized View

Materialized view in any schema

 

Drop Any Materialized View

Materialized view in any schema

 

Query Rewrite

Materialized views or function-based index in own schema

 

Global Query Rewrite

Materialized views or function-based index in any schema

 

On Commit Refresh

Create a refresh on commit materialized view or alter a refresh on demand materialized view on any table in database

 

Flashback Any Table

Any table, view, or materialized view in the database

Operators

Create Operator

Operator in own schema

 

Create Any Operator

Operator in any schema

 

Drop Any Operator

Operator in any schema

 

Execute Any Operator

Operator in any schema

Outlines

Create Any Outline

Public outlines in any schema

 

Alter Any Outline

Public outlines in any schema

 

Alter Any Outline

Public outlines in any schema

 

Select Any Outline

Create a private outline that is a clone of a public one

Procedures

Create Procedure

Stored procedures, functions, and packages in own schema

 

Create Any Procedure

Stored procedures, functions, and packages in any schema

 

Alter Any Procedure

Stored procedures, functions, and packages in any schema

 

Drop Any Procedure

Stored procedures, functions, and packages in any schema

 

Execute Any Procedure

Stored procedures, functions, and packages in any schema

Profiles

Create Profile

Profiles

 

Alter Profile

Profiles

 

Drop Profile

Profiles

Roles

Create Role

Create new roles

 

Alter Any Role

Any role in the database

 

Drop Any Role

Any role in the database

 

Grant Any Role

Any role in the database

Rollback Segments

Create Rollback Segment

Rollback segments

 

Alter Rollback Segments

Rollback segments

 

Drop Rollback Segments

Rollback segments

Sequences

Create Sequence

Sequences in own schema

 

Create Any Sequence

Sequences in any schema

 

Alter Any Sequence

Sequences in any schema

 

Drop Any Sequence

Sequences in any schema

 

Select Any Sequence

Sequences in any schema

Sessions

Create Session

Connect to database

 

Alter Resource Cost

Set resource costs for sessions

 

Alter Session

Alter your current session parameters

 

Restricted Session

Connect to database when RESTRICTED SESSION is in effect

Synonym

Create Synonym

Synonyms in own schema

 

Create Any Synonym

Private synonyms in any schema

 

Drop Any Synonym

Private synonyms in any schema

 

Create Public Synonym

Public synonyms

 

Drop Public Synonym

Public synonyms

Tables

Create Table

Tables in own schema

 

Create Any Table

Tables in any schema

 

Alter Any Table

Tables or views in any schema

 

Back Up Any Table

Export objects from any schema

 

Delete Any Table

Rows from tables, views, or table partitions in any schema

 

Drop Any Table

Tables or table partitions in any schema (includes TRUNCATE)

 

Insert Any Table

Rows into any table or view in any schema

 

Lock Any Table

Tables or views in any schema

 

Select Any Table

Tables or views in any schema

 

Flashback Any Table

Any table, view, or materialized view in the database

 

Update Any Table

Rows in any table or view in any schema

Tablespaces

Create Tablespace

Tablespaces

 

Alter Tablespace

Tablespaces

 

Drop Tablespace

Tablespaces

 

Manage Tablespaces

Online and offline of tablespaces and begin or end backups of tablespaces

 

Unlimited Tablespace

Unlimited storage on any tablespace. Overrides specific quotas

Triggers

Create Trigger

Triggers in own schema

 

Create Any Trigger

Triggers in any schema

 

Alter Any Trigger

Triggers in any schema

 

Drop Any Trigger

Triggers in any schema

 

Administer Database Trigger

Create trigger on database. Also requires Create Trigger or Create Any Trigger.

Types

Create Type

Object types and bodies in own schema

 

Create Any Type

Object types and bodies in any schema

 

Alter Any Type

Object types and bodies in any schema

 

Drop Any Type

Object types and bodies in any schema

 

Execute Any Type

Object types and bodies in any schema

 

Under Any Type

Create subtypes

Users

Create User

Create users. Implicitly allows the setting of passwords, quotas, default, and temporary tablespaces and assigning of profiles for new users.

 

Alter User

Alter settings for existing users. Implicitly allows the setting of passwords, quotas, default, and temporary tablespaces and assigning of profiles.

 

Become User

Change to any other user (required for full database imports)

 

Drop User

Drop any user

Views

Create View

Views in own schema

 

Create Any View

Views in any schema

 

Drop Any View

Views in any schema

 

Under Any View

Create subviews of any view

 

Flashback Any Table

Any table, view, or materialized view in the database

Miscellaneous

Analyze Any

Any table, cluster, or index in any schema

 

Audit Any

Any object in any schema

 

Comment Any Table

Any table, view, or column in any schema

 

Exempt Access Policy

Bypass access control

 

Force Transaction

Own in-doubt distributed transactions

 

Force Any Transaction

Force the commit or rollback of any in-doubt distributed transaction

 

Grant Any Object Privilege

Grant or revoke any object privilege

 

Grant Any Privilege

Grant any system privilege

 

Resumable

Enable resumable allocation of space

 

Select Any Dictionary

Query SYS data dictionary objects. Overrides an init parameter of FALSE to 07_DICTIONARY_ACCESSIBILITY.

 

SYSDBA

STARTUP and SHUTDOWN, ALTER DATABASE, CREATE DATABASE, ARCHIVELOG, RECOVERY, CREATE SPFILE, RESTRICTED SESSION

 

SYSOPER

Similar to SYSDBA, but can't create a database, and can't change the character set

The grant of an ANY privilege gives the grantee the rights to that type of object in ALL schemas, including SYS, unless the database is started with an init parameter of:

07_DICTIONARY_ACCESSIBILITY = FALSE

When this parameter is set to FALSE, the ANY privilege applies to all schemas except SYS.

Object Privileges

In addition to System Privileges, Oracle supports assignment of privileges at the object level as well.

Table 1-18. Object Privileges

Privilege

Object

Explanation

Alter

Table

Modify the table definitions

 

Sequence

Modify the sequence definition

Debug

Table

Use debugger on PL/SQL triggers on the table and SQL statements that reference the table

 

View

Use debugger on PL/SQL triggers on the view and SQL statements that reference the view

 

Procedures, Functions, and Packages

Use debugger to access all variables, methods, and types. Place breakpoints and stops.

Delete

Table

Delete rows

 

View

Delete rows in the view

 

Materialized View

Delete rows in the materialized view

Execute

Procedures, Functions, and Packages

Compile, or access public variables, methods and types through a debugger. Not required for indirect execution of the Procedure, function, or package.

 

Library

Use the library and invoke its methods

 

Operator

Reference the operator

 

Indextype

Reference the Indextype

Flashback

Table

Issue a flashback query on the table

 

View

Issue a flashback query on the view

 

Materialized View

Issue a flashback query on the materialized view

Index

Table

Create indices on the table

Insert

Table

Add rows to the table

 

View

Add rows to the view

 

Materialized View

Add rows to the materialized view

On Commit Refresh

Table

Create a materialized refresh on commit on the table. (Note: the privilege is on the table, not on the resultant view.)

Query Rewrite

Table

Create a materialized view on the table for Query Rewrite. (Note: the privilege is on the table, not on the resultant view.)

Read

Directory

Gives read permission on files stored on the operating system directory referenced

References

Table

Create a constraint that references the table

 

View

Create foreign key constraints that reference the view

Select

Table

Query the table. (You will need this privilege in addition to UPDATE and DELETE privileges if the database you're modifying is on a remote database.)

 

View

Query the view

 

Sequence

Get and increment the value of the sequence

 

Materialized View

Query the materialized view

Under

View

Create subviews of the view

Update

Table

Modify data in the table using the UPDATE statement

 

View

Modify data in the view

 

Materialized View

Modify the data in the materialized view

Write

Directory

Gives write permission into the operating system directory referenced

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