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Date Format Models

Table 1-15. Date Format Models


Value Returned

- / , . ; “text”

Quoted text and punctuation are reproduced in the result


Indicates date that is AD. Periods optional


Before or after noon. Periods optional


Indicates date that is BC. Periods optional


Century (SCC precedes BC century with -)


The day of week (1–7)


The name of the day of the week (Monday, Tuesday, etc.). Padded to 9 characters.


Day of month (1–31)


The number of the day of year (1–366)


The name of the day of the week, abbreviated


Abbreviated era name (for Japanese Imperial, ROC Official, and Thai Buddha calendars)


Full era name

FF [1–9]

Fractional seconds. 1–9 specifies the number of digits


Hour of day(12-hour clock)


Hour of day (12-hour clock)


Hour of day (24-hour clock)


Number of Week of the year


Last 3, 2, or 1 digit(s) of ISO year


4-digit ISO year


Julian day(number of days since January 1, 4712 BC)


Minute (0–59)


Month (01–12)


JAN, FEB, MAR, etc.


Full month name, padded to 9 characters


Quarter of year where JAN–MAR = 1


Month in Roman numerals (I–XII; JAN = I)


Last two digits of the year, for years in previous or next century (where previous if current year is <=50, next if current year >50)


Round year. Accepts 4 or 2 digit input, 2 digit returns as RR.


Seconds (0–59)


Seconds past midnight (0–86399)


Abbreviated Time Zone String with Daylight Savings


Time zone hour


Time zone minute


The week of the year (1–53)


The week of the month


Local radix character


Year, with comma as shown



Year, fully spelled out. For SYEAR, BC dates use “-”




Final one, two, or three digits of the year

Date Prefixes and Suffixes

The following prefixes can be added to date formats:


The fill mode toggle. Suppresses blank padding of MONTH or DAY


Specifies that the format of TO_DATE functions must be an exact match

The following suffixes may be added to date formats:


converts to an ordinal number ("5TH")


Spells out the number ("FIVE")


Spells out the ordinal number ("FIFTH")

Number Format Models

Table 1-16. Number Format Models



Value Returned



Returns a comma at the position specified



Returns a period (decimal point) at the position specified



Leading dollar sign



Returns value with leading zeros



Returns value with trailing zeros



Returns value with the specified number of digits. Leading space if positive, – if negative. Leading zeros are blank, except when integer portion is zero, then a single leading zero is returned.



As in 9, above, but returns a blank in all cases for leading zeros



Returns the ISO currency symbol



Returns the NLS decimal character in the specified position



Returns value in scientific notation



Returns a value without leading or trailing blanks



Returns the value with the NLS group separator in the specified position



Returns the value with the NLS Local Currency Symbol in the specified position. Negative values have a trailing minus sign (–), positive values with a trailing blank.



Returns negative values in <angle brackets>, positives have leading and trailing blanks

RN rn

RN rn

Returns the value as Roman numerals, in the case-specified


S9999 9999S

Returns the value with a + or – sign denoting positive or negative value in the position shown (can only be first or last position).



“Text minimum.” Returns the smallest number of characters possible and is case-insensitive. Default is TM9 that uses fixed notation up to 64 characters, then scientific notation.



Returns the “Euro” (or other) NLS dual currency symbol in the specified position



Returns a value multiplied by 10 times the number of 9s specified after the V



Returns the Hexadecimal value. Precede with a 0 to have leading zeros, or FM to remove the leading blank.

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