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This chapter is from the book

Date Format Models

Table 1-15. Date Format Models

Element

Value Returned

- / , . ; “text”

Quoted text and punctuation are reproduced in the result

AD A.D.

Indicates date that is AD. Periods optional

AM A.M. PM P.M.

Before or after noon. Periods optional

BC B.C.

Indicates date that is BC. Periods optional

CC SCC

Century (SCC precedes BC century with -)

D

The day of week (1–7)

DAY

The name of the day of the week (Monday, Tuesday, etc.). Padded to 9 characters.

DD

Day of month (1–31)

DDD

The number of the day of year (1–366)

DY

The name of the day of the week, abbreviated

E

Abbreviated era name (for Japanese Imperial, ROC Official, and Thai Buddha calendars)

EE

Full era name

FF [1–9]

Fractional seconds. 1–9 specifies the number of digits

HH

Hour of day(12-hour clock)

HH12

Hour of day (12-hour clock)

HH24

Hour of day (24-hour clock)

IW

Number of Week of the year

IYY IY I

Last 3, 2, or 1 digit(s) of ISO year

IYYY

4-digit ISO year

J

Julian day(number of days since January 1, 4712 BC)

MI

Minute (0–59)

MM

Month (01–12)

MON

JAN, FEB, MAR, etc.

MONTH

Full month name, padded to 9 characters

Q

Quarter of year where JAN–MAR = 1

RM

Month in Roman numerals (I–XII; JAN = I)

RR

Last two digits of the year, for years in previous or next century (where previous if current year is <=50, next if current year >50)

RRRR

Round year. Accepts 4 or 2 digit input, 2 digit returns as RR.

SS

Seconds (0–59)

SSSSS

Seconds past midnight (0–86399)

TZD

Abbreviated Time Zone String with Daylight Savings

TZH

Time zone hour

TZM

Time zone minute

WW

The week of the year (1–53)

W

The week of the month

X

Local radix character

Y, YYY

Year, with comma as shown

YEAR

SYEAR

Year, fully spelled out. For SYEAR, BC dates use “-”

Y

YY

YYY

Final one, two, or three digits of the year

Date Prefixes and Suffixes

The following prefixes can be added to date formats:

FM

The fill mode toggle. Suppresses blank padding of MONTH or DAY

FX

Specifies that the format of TO_DATE functions must be an exact match

The following suffixes may be added to date formats:

TH

converts to an ordinal number ("5TH")

SP

Spells out the number ("FIVE")

SPTH or THSP

Spells out the ordinal number ("FIFTH")

Number Format Models

Table 1-16. Number Format Models

Element

Example

Value Returned

,

9,999

Returns a comma at the position specified

.

99.99

Returns a period (decimal point) at the position specified

$

$9999

Leading dollar sign

0

0999

Returns value with leading zeros

0

9990

Returns value with trailing zeros

9

9999

Returns value with the specified number of digits. Leading space if positive, – if negative. Leading zeros are blank, except when integer portion is zero, then a single leading zero is returned.

B

B9999

As in 9, above, but returns a blank in all cases for leading zeros

C

C999

Returns the ISO currency symbol

D

99D99

Returns the NLS decimal character in the specified position

EEEE

9.9EEEE

Returns value in scientific notation

FM

FM90.9

Returns a value without leading or trailing blanks

G

9G999

Returns the value with the NLS group separator in the specified position

L

L999

Returns the value with the NLS Local Currency Symbol in the specified position. Negative values have a trailing minus sign (–), positive values with a trailing blank.

PR

9999PR

Returns negative values in <angle brackets>, positives have leading and trailing blanks

RN rn

RN rn

Returns the value as Roman numerals, in the case-specified

S

S9999 9999S

Returns the value with a + or – sign denoting positive or negative value in the position shown (can only be first or last position).

TM

TM

“Text minimum.” Returns the smallest number of characters possible and is case-insensitive. Default is TM9 that uses fixed notation up to 64 characters, then scientific notation.

U

U9999

Returns the “Euro” (or other) NLS dual currency symbol in the specified position

V

999V99

Returns a value multiplied by 10 times the number of 9s specified after the V

X

XXXX

Returns the Hexadecimal value. Precede with a 0 to have leading zeros, or FM to remove the leading blank.

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