Home > Articles > Networking > Wireless/High Speed/Optical

This chapter is from the book


[1] Available: http://www.aetherwire.com.

[2] T. W. Barrett,

"History of Ultrawideband (UWB) Radar and Communications: Pioneers and Innovators,"
Proc. Progress in Electromagnetics Symposium (PIERS) 2000, Cambridge, MA, July 2000.

[3] T. W. Barrett,

"History of Ultrawideband Communications and Radar: Part 1, UWB Communications,"
Microwave Journal, pp. 22-56, January 2001.

[4] T. W. Barrett,

"History of Ultra Wideband Communications and Radar: Part 2, UWB Radar and Sensors,"
Microwave Journal, pp. 22-46, February 2001.

[5] A. Bayram, "A Study of Indoor Ultra-wideband Propagation Measurement and Characterization," Master's Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, May 2004. Available: http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05142004-171134.

[6] E. J. Bond, X. Li, S. C. Hagness, and B. D. Van Veen,

"Microwave Imaging via Space-Time Beamforming for Early Detection of Breast Cancer,"
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 1690-1705, August 2003.

[7] C. G. Caro and J. A Bloice,

"Contactless Apnoea Detector Based on Radar,"
Lancet, pp. 959-961, October 30, 1971, 2(7731).

[8] D. Cassioli, M. Z. Win, and A. F. Molisch,

"The Ultra-Wide Bandwidth Indoor Channel: From Statistical Model to Simulations,"
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 1247-1257, August 2002.

[9] R.W. Chang,

"Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing,"
U.S. Patent 3,488,445, filed 1966, issued January 6, 1970.

[10] L.C. Cimini Jr.,

"Analysis and Simulation of a Digital Mobile Channel Using Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing,"
IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 665-675, July 1985.

[11] C. E. Cook and M. Bernfeld, Radar Signals: An Introduction to Theory & Application, New York: Academic Press, 1967.

[12] R. J.-M. Cramer, R. A. Scholtz, and M. Z. Win,

"On the analysis of UWB Communication Channels,"
IEEE MILCOM, vol. 2, pp. 1191-1195, Atlantic City, NJ, November 1999.

[13] R. J.-M. Cramer, R. A. Scholtz, and M. Z. Win,

"Evaluation of an Ultra-WideBand Propagation Channel,"
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 561-570, May 2002.


"Revision of Part 15 of the Commission's Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems,"
First note and Order, Federal Communications Commission, ET-Docket 98-153, Adopted February 14, 2002, released April 22, 2002. Available: http://www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Engineering_Technology/Orders/2002/fcc02048.pdf.

[15] R. J. Fontana, E. Richley, and J. Barney,

"Commercialization of an Ultra Wideband Precision Asset Location System,"
Proc. 2003 IEEE Conference on Ultra Wideband Systems and Technologies, Reston, VA, May 2002.

[16] R. J. Fontana, A. Ameti, E. Richley, L. Beard, and D. Guy,

"Recent Advances in Ultra Wideband Communications Systems,"
Proc. 2003 IEEE Conference on Ultra Wideband Systems and Technologies, Reston, VA, May 2002.

[17] R. J. Fontana,

"A Brief History of UWB Communications."
Available: http://www.multispectral.com/history.html.

[18] J. R. Foerster,

"The Effects of Multipath Interference on the Performance of UWB Systems in an Indoor Wireless Channel,"
IEEE 53rd Vehicular Technology Conference, vol. 2, pp. 1176-1180, Rhodes, Greece, May 2001.

[19] A. Rajeswaran, V. S. Somayazulu, and J. R. Foerster,

"Rake Performance for a Pulse Based UWB System in a Realistic UWB Indoor Channel,"
IEEE International Conference on Communications, vol. 4, pp. 2879-2883, May 2003.

[20] C. I. Franks, B. H. Brown, and D. M. Johnston,

"Contactless Respiration Monitoring of Infants,"
Medical Biological Engineering, 14 (3), pp. 306-318, May 1976.

[21] S. C. Hagness, A. Taflove, and J. E. Bridges,

"Three-Dimensional FDTD Analysis of a Pulsed Microwave Confocal System for Breast Cancer Detection: Design of an Antenna-Array Element,"
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 47, No. 5, pp. 783-791, May 1999.

[22] M. Hamalainen, V. Hovinen, R. Tesi, J. H. J. Iinatti, and M. Latva-aho,

"On the UWB System Coexistence With GSM900, UMTS/WCDMA, and GPS,"
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1712-1721, December 2002.

[23] H. F. Harmuth, Transmission of Information by Orthogonal Functions, 1st ed., New York: Springer, 1969.

[24] H. F. Harmuth, Transmission of Information by Orthogonal Functions, 2nd ed., New York: Springer, 1972.

[25] H. F. Harmuth,

"Signal Processing and Transmission by Means of Walsh Functions,"
U.S. Patent 3,678,204, dated July 18, 1972.

[26] H. F. Harmuth,

"Sequency Filters Based on Walsh Functions for Signals with Two Space Variables,"
U.S. Patent 3,705,981, issued Dec. 12, 1972.

[27] H. F. Harmuth, Sequency Theory, New York: Academic Press, 1977.

[28] H. F. Harmuth,

"Selective Reception of Periodic Electromagnetic Waves with General Time Variation,"
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. EMC-19, no. 3, pp. 137-144, August 1977.

[29] H. F. Harmuth,

"Frequency-Sharing and Spread-Spectrum Transmission with Large Relative Bandwidth,"
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. EMC-20, no. 1, pp. 232-239, February 1978.

[30] H. F. Harmuth, Nonsinusoidal Waves for Radar and Radio Communication, New York: Academic Press, 1981.

[31] H. F. Harmuth, Antennas and Waveguides for Nonsinusoidal Waves, New York: Academic Press, 1984.

[32] H. F. Harmuth, Radiation of Nonsinusoidal Electromagnetic Waves, New York: Academic Press, 1990.

[33] E. C. Kisenwether,

"Ultra Wideband (UWB) Impulse Signal Detection and Processing Issues,"
IEEE Tactical Communications Conference, vol. 1, pp. 87-93, Ft. Wayne, IN, April 1992.


"Frequency Division Multiplexing,"
IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. COM-33, no.7, pp. 665-675, July 1985. Available: http://www.multibandofdm.org/.

[35] T. E. McEwan,

"Ultra-Wideband Radar Motion Sensor,"
U.S. Patent 5,361,070, issued November 1, 1994.

[36] A. F. Molisch, J. R. Foerster, and M. Pendergrass,

"The Evolution of Wireless LANs and PANs-Channel Models for Ultrawideband Personal Area Networks,"
IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 14-21, December 2003.

[37] R. Mulloy, "MSSI Successfully Installs FCC Certified Ultra Wideband (UWB) Asset Tracking System for Aircraft Engine Location and Identification," MSSI Press Release, Germantown, MD, September 2003.

[38] R. A. Scholtz,

"Multiple Access with Time-Hopping Impulse Modulation,"
IEEE MILCOM, vol. 2, pp. 447-450, Boston, MA, October 1993.

[39] R. A. Scholtz, R. J.-M. Cramer, and M. Z. Win,

"Evaluation of the Propagation Characteristics of Ultra-Wideband Communication Channels,"
IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Society Symposium, vol. 2, pp. 626-630, Atlanta, GA, June 1998.

[40] R. A. Scholtz, and J.-Y. Lee,

"Problems in Modeling UWB Channels,"
IEEE 36th Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers, vol. 1, pp. 706-711, November 2002.

[41] S. B. Weinstein and P. M. Ebert,

"Data Transmission by Frequency-Division Multiplexing Using the Discrete Fourier Transform,"
IEEE Transactions on Communication Technology, vol. COM-19, no.5, pp. 628-634, October 1971.

[42] M. Welborn, and B. Shvodian,

"Ultra-Wideband Technology for Wirelsss Personal Area Networks-The IEEE 802.15.3/3a Standards,"
IEEE Ultra Wideband Systems and Technology Conference, Reston, VA, November 2003.

[43] M. Z. Win and R. A. Scholtz,

"On the Robustness of Ultra-Wide Bandwidth Signals in Dense Multipath Environments,"
IEEE Communication Letters, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 51-53, February 1998.

[44] M. Z. Win and R. A. Scholtz,

"Characterization of Ultra-Wide Bandwidth Wireless Indoor Channels: A Communication Theoretic View,"
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1613-1627, December 2002.

[45] G. F. Ross,

"Transmission and Reception System for Generating and Receiving Base-Band Duration Pulse Signals without Distortion for Short Base-Band Pulse Communication Systems,"
U.S. Patent 3,728,632, issued April 17, 1973.

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020