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Catalog and Directory

The DB2 catalog and directory act as central repositories for all information about the support and operations of DB2 objects, authorizations, and communications. The catalog comprises several DB2 tables and can be accessed via SQL. The catalog contains details about DB2 objects obtained from the DDL (Data Definition Language) when an object is created or altered or from DCL (Data Control Language) when an authorization is granted on an object or a group of objects. The DB2 catalog also contains information about communications with other DB2 and non-DB2 databases through the use of the communications database (CDB), which contains information about VTAM and TCP/IP addresses.

Table 2-4 lists the DB2 catalog tables and the types of information in each. (Descriptions of all the columns in the DB2 catalog tables can be found in detail in Appendix D of the IBM DB2 for z/OS Version 8 SQL Reference Manual.)

Table 2-4. DB2 Catalog Tables

Table Name (SYSIBM.table)

Information Contents

IPLIST

Allows multiple IP addresses to be specified for a given LOCATION. Insert rows into this table when you want to define a remote DB2 data sharing group. Rows can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

IPNAMES

Defines the remote DRDA servers DB2 can access using TCP/IP. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

LOCATIONS

Contains a row for every accessible remote server. The row associates a

LOCATION name with the TCP/IP or SNA network attributes for the remote server. Requesters are not defined in this table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

LULIST

Allows multiple LU (Logical Unit) names to be specified for a given LOCATION. Insert rows into this table when you want to define a remote DB2 data sharing group. The same value for the LUNAME column cannot appear in both the SYSIBM.LUNAMES table and the SYSIBM.LULIST table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

LUMODES

Each row of the table provides VTAM with conversation limits for a specific combination of LUNAME and MODENAME. The table is accessed only during the initial conversation-limit negotiation between DB2 and a remote LU. This negotiation is called change-number-of-sessions (CNOS) processing. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

LUNAMES

The table must contain a row for each remote SNA client or server that communicates with DB2. Rows can be inserted, updated, or deleted.

MODESELECT

Associates a mode name with any conversation created to support an outgoing SQL request. Each row represents one or more combinations of LUNAME, authorization ID, and application plan name. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSAUXRELS

Contains one row for each auxiliary table created for a LOB column. A base table space that is partitioned must have one auxiliary table for each partition of each LOB column.

SYSCHECKDEP

Contains one row for each reference to a column in a table check constraint.

SYSCHECKS

Contains one row for each table-check constraint.

SYSCHECKS2

Contains one row for each table-check constraint created in or after version 7.

SYSCOLAUTH

Records the UPDATE or REFERENCES privileges that are held by users on individual columns of a table or view.

SYSCOLDIST

Contains one or more rows for the first key column of an index key. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSCOLDIST_HIST

Contains rows from SYSCOLDIST. Whenever rows are added or changed in SYSCOLDIST, the rows are also written to the new history table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSCOLDISTSTATS

Contains zero or more rows per partition for the first key column of a partitioning index or DPSI (Data Partitioned Secondary Index). Rows are inserted when RUNSTATS scans index partitions of the partitioning index. No row is inserted if the index is nonpartitioning. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSCOLSTATS

Contains partition statistics for selected columns. For each column, a row exists for each partition in the table. Rows are inserted when RUNSTATS collects either indexed column statistics or nonindexed column statistics for a partitioned table space. No row is inserted if the table space is nonpartitioned. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSCOLUMNS

Contains one row for every column of each table and view.

SYSCOLUMNS_HIST

Contains rows from SYSCOLUMNS. Whenever rows are added or changed in SYSCOLUMNS, the rows are also written to the new history table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSCONSTDEP

Records dependencies on check constraints or user-defined defaults for a column.

SYSCOPY

Contains information needed for recovery.

SYSDATABASE

Contains one row for each database, except for database DSNDB01.

SYSDATATYPES

Contains one row for each distinct type defined to the system.

SYSDBAUTH

Records the privileges held by users over databases.

SYSDBRM

Contains one row for each DBRM of each application plan.

SYSDUMMY1

Contains one row. The table is used for SQL statements in which a table reference is required, but the contents of the table are not important.

SYSFIELDS

Contains one row for every column that has a field procedure.

SYSFOREIGNKEYS

Contains one row for every column of every foreign key.

SYSINDEXES

Contains one row for every index.

SYSINDEXES_HIST

Contains rows from SYSINDEXES. Whenever rows are added or changed in SYSINDEXES, they are also written to the new history table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSINDEXPART

Contains one row for each nonpartitioning index and one row for each partition of a partitioning index or a DPSI.

SYSINDEXPART_HIST

Contains rows from SYSINDEXPART. Whenever rows are added or changed in SYSINDEXPART, they are also written to the new history table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSINDEXSTATS

Contains one row for each partition of a partitioning index. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSINDEXSTATS_HIST

Contains rows from SYSINDEXSTATS. Whenever rows are added or changed in SYSINDEXSTATS, they are also written to the new history table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSJARCLASS_SOURCE

Auxiliary table for SYSIBMSYSCONTENTS.

SYSJARCONTENTS

Contains Java class source for installed JAR (Java Archive).

SYSJARDATA

Auxiliary table for SYSIBMSYSOBJECTS.

SYSJAROBJECTS

Contains binary large object representing the installed JAR.

SYSJAVAOPTS

Contains build options used during INSTALL_JAR.

SYSKEYCOLUSE

Contains a row for every column in a unique constraint—primary key or unique key—from the SYSIBM.SYSTABCONST table.

SYSKEYS

Contains one row for each column of an index key.

SYSLOBSTATS

Contains one row for each LOB table space.

SYSLOBSTATS_HIST

Contains rows from SYSLOBSTATS. Whenever rows are added or changed in SYSLOBSTATS, they are also written to the new history table. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSPACKAGE

Contains a row for every package.

SYSPACKAUTH

Records the privileges that users hold over packages.

SYSPACKDEP

Records the dependencies of packages on local tables, views, synonyms, table spaces, indexes and aliases, functions, and stored procedures.

SYSPACKLIST

Contains one or more rows for every local application plan bound with a package list. Each row represents a unique entry in the plan's package list.

SYSPACKSTMT

Contains one or more rows for each statement in a package.

SYSPARMS

Contains one row for each parameter of a routine or multiple rows for table parameters—one for each column of the table.

SYSPKSYSTEM

Contains zero or more rows for every package. Each row for a given package represents one or more connections to an environment in which the package could be executed.

SYSPLAN

Contains one row for each application plan.

SYSPLANAUTH

Records the privileges that users hold over application plans.

SYSPLANDEP

Records the dependencies of plans on tables, views, aliases, synonyms, table spaces, indexes, functions, and stored procedures.

SYSPLSYSTEM

Contains zero or more rows for every plan. Each row for a given plan represents one or more connections to an environment in which the plan could be used.

SYSRELS

Contains one row for every referential constraint.

SYSRESAUTH

Records CREATE IN and PACKADM ON privileges for collections, USAGE privileges for distinct types, and USE privileges for buffer pools, storage groups, and table spaces.

SYSROUTINEAUTH

Records the privileges that users hold on routines. (A routine can be a user-defined function, a cast function, or a stored procedure.)

SYSROUTINES

Contains one row for every routine. (A routine can be a user-defined function, a cast function, or a stored procedure.)

SYSROUTINES_OPTS

Contains one row for each generated routine, such as one created by the DB2 Development Center tool, that records the build options for the routine. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSSCHEMAAUTH

Contains one or more rows for each user granted a privilege on a particular schema in the database.

SYSSEQUENCEAUTH

Records the privileges that users hold over sequences.

SYSSEQUENCES

Contains one row for each identity column.

SYSSEQUENCESDEP

Records the dependencies of identity columns on tables.

SYSSTMT

Contains one or more rows for each SQL statement of each DBRM.

SYSSTOGROUP

Contains one row for each storage group.

SYSSTRINGS

Contains information about character conversion. Each row describes a conversion from one coded character set to another.

SYSSYNONYMS

Contains one row for each synonym of a table or a view.

SYSTABAUTH

Records the privileges that users hold on tables and views.

SYSTABCONST

Contains one row for each unique constraint—primary key or unique key—created in DB2 for OS/390 version 7 or later.

SYSTABLEPART

Contains one row for each nonpartitioned table space and one row for each partition of a partitioned table space.

SYSTABLEPART_HIST

Contains rows from SYSTABLEPART. Rows are added or changed when RUNSTATS collects history statistics. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSTABLES

Contains one row for each table, view, or alias.

SYSTABLES_HIST

Contains rows from SYSTABLES. Rows are added or changed when RUNSTATS collects history statistics. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSTABLESPACE

Contains one row for each table space.

SYSTABSTATS

Contains one row for each partition of a partitioned table space. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSTABSTATS_HIST

Contains rows from SYSTABSTATS. Rows are added or changed when RUNSTATS collects history statistics. Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

SYSTRIGGERS

Contains one row for each trigger.

SYSUSERAUTH

Records the system privileges that users hold.

SYSVIEWDEP

Records the dependencies of views on tables, functions, and other views.

SYSVIEWS

Contains one or more rows for each view.

SYSVOLUMES

Contains one row for each volume of each storage group.

USERNAMES

Uses each row in the table to carry out one of the following operations:

  • Outbound ID translation

  • Inbound ID translation and "come from" checking

Rows in this table can be inserted, updated, and deleted.

Catalog Consistency Queries

Consistency queries can be executed as part of the migration process to ensure that the data in the catalog is correct. These queries are found in the data set prefix.SDSNSAMP(DSNTESQ). These queries test such logical relationships as ensuring that all indexes are created on tables that exist.

The SQL statements can be executed from SPUFI or from a dynamic SQL program, such as DSNTEP2. The queries can be executed on the catalog tables or on copies of the catalog. RUNSTATS should be run on the catalog or the copies to ensure the best performance. In some cases, the queries will perform better when executed on the copies, using the extra indexes as defined for some of the tables.

Following is an example of a catalog consistency query that checks whether all table spaces belong to a defined database. This query will find all the SYSTABLESPACE databases that do not have corresponding rows in SYSDATABASE. The desired—expected—result is to have no rows returned.

SELECT DBNAME, NAME
   FROM SYSIBM.SYSTABLESPACE TS
   WHERE NOT EXISTS
     (SELECT *
        FROM SYSIBM.SYSDATABASE DB
        WHERE DB.NAME = TS.DBNAME);

DB2 Directory

The DB2 directory is used to store information about the operation and housekeeping of the DB2 environment. This directory, unlike the DB2 catalog, cannot be accessed by using SQL. The DB2 directory contains information required to start DB2; activities and utilities in the DB2 environment do the updating and deleting of table entries in the DB2 directory. The DB2 directory contains five tables: a description of each is given in Table 2-5.

Table 2-5. DB2 Directory Tables

Directory Table

Information Contents

SPT01

Referred to as the skeleton package table (SKPT), this table contains information about the access paths and the internal form of the SQL for a package at bind time. Entries are made into this table during bind time (BIND PACKAGE), and entries are deleted when a package is freed (FREE PACKAGE). This table is loaded into memory at execution time, along with the SCT02 table described next.

SCT02

Referred to as the skeleton cursor table (SKCT), this table contains information about access paths and the internal form of the SQL for an application plan. Entries in this table are made when a plan is bound (BIND PLAN) and deleted when a plan is freed (FREE PLAN). This table is also loaded into memory at execution time.

DBD01

Information about DBDs (database descriptors), which are internal control blocks, is kept in this table. Each DB2 database has one DBD for its objects: table spaces, indexes, tables, referential integrity constraints, and check constraints. Updates to this table are made when a database is created or updated. This information is accessed by DB2 in place of continually using the DB2 catalog, permitting faster, more efficient access to this information. The information in the DBD01 directory table is also contained in the DB2 catalog.

SYSLGRNX

Referred to as the log range table, this table contains information from the DB2 logs about the RBA (relative byte address) range for updates. This allows DB2 to efficiently find the RBAs needed from the DB2 logs for recovery purposes. A row is inserted every time a table space or a partition is opened or updated and is updated when the object is closed.

SYSUTILX

This system utilities table stores information about the execution of DB2 utilities, including the status and the steps during execution. This information is used when a utility needs to be restarted. Information in this table is added when a utility is started, and the entry is removed when the execution has ended.

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