Home > Articles > Programming > General Programming/Other Languages

  • Print
  • + Share This
Like this article? We recommend

Quick Checklist for Deployments

Sun Cluster 3.0 software is a scalable, flexible solution that can be deployed with equal benefit to small local clusters and larger extended clusters. Before deploying a campus cluster solution, however, consider your enterprise's requirements, resources, and risks. The following checklist provides an overview of factors to consider when determining which level of solution is best for an enterprise.

General Questions

What do you want to protect against?

Certain kinds of failures are more probable than others. For example, if the data center is close to a river, flooding may be a likely risk. The potential risk might impose restrictions on the solution. For example, to protect against site outages due to a major earthquake, a remote site may need to be established 500 kilometers away.

If the planned second site is in another geography, other solutions may have to be applied. If the desired result is total protection against all disasters, a campus cluster may not be adequate.

How much revenue per hour or market credibility could your enterprise lose if your mission-critical services were not available?

Understanding the financial impacts of a disaster on business operations helps define an adequate solution. Consider at least three factors:

  • The cost of a disaster recovery solution

  • The cost and impact of a disaster, including recovery times, potential data loss, lost revenue, and loss of reputation and credibility in the market

  • The probability that disaster will occur

If the potential loss is less than the cost to protect against that loss, a disaster recovery solution does not make sense. Unfortunately, history has shown that enterprises without good disaster recovery solutions suffer far more setbacks than businesses with plans. Campus clusters generally provide for very cost-effective protection against the more probable disaster scenarios, such as the loss of a whole site due to fire or other natural disasters.

Do you understand that a campus cluster does not address all aspects of a disaster recovery solution?

A campus cluster provides the appropriate infrastructure against many types of disasters, however, it does not offer complete protection against all disasters. In addition, it must be accompanied by other mechanisms to help ensure business continuity, for example, to recover from a total loss of data. Finally, a product alone is not enough; a solution needs the right people and processes in place to make it complete.

Infrastructure Questions

Are you prepared to accept performance degradation because of prolonged distances?

Even traveling at the speed of light through a fiber takes time, and the time it takes for data to travel 10 kilometers is 1000 times longer than it takes to go 10 meters. Even the latency introduced by the long wires is only a small part of the overall latency. The additional components involved, such as transceivers, switches, and multiplexers, add to the latency.

Does your data center infrastructure provide two or more sites?

Quorum devices help the cluster decide which nodes may form a new cluster in case of any failure. Thus, the availability of the quorum device is key in a disaster situation. In the case of the very common two-site infrastructure, the quorum device has to be placed at one of the two sites, making the loss of that data center more catastrophic than the loss of the other. In a three-site infrastructure, the quorum device is at the third site, so that the loss of one site would not affect the majority of quorum votes. For more information, refer to "Campus Cluster Topologies and Components" on page 12.

Does your infrastructure provide for independent Fibre Channel and network lines to span the distance between the data centers?

To prevent interference from other components on the same network or storage connections, independent lines or multiplexers should be available. Refer to "Campus Cluster Configurations" on page 18 for more information.

Does your infrastructure provide for a single IP subnet across the two (or three) sites?

To maintain accessibility to high availability services, clusters failover IP addresses. To configure the same IP addresses on network interface cards (NICs) and networks in different sites, it is necessary to have a single IP subnet across the two or three sites. Refer to "Campus Cluster Configurations" on page 18 for more information.

People and Processes

Is your staff well-trained and willing to undergo continuing training and exercising?

Having well-trained and experienced administrative staff is one of the key factors for achieving high availability. Periodically testing, at least annually, the disaster prevention and recovery processes is essential for training personnel to minimize service interruptions and restore normal operations.

Are there already processes in place that deal with recovery procedures for disasters?

Defining and establishing new processes to be used during disasters is a major task. If similar procedures are already in place, adapting them to the new infrastructure and new products is less effort. Administrative staff who are familiar with the processes understand and incorporate changes faster.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020