Home > Articles > Programming > Windows Programming

Typed DataSets in ADO.NET

Learn how to generate Typed DataSets in Visual Studio .NET and from the command line, as well as how to customize the generation by using annotations.
Purchase this book through the end of January and receive four exclusive sample chapters from forthcoming books by some of technology's greatest luminaries. For more information, check http://www.expectsomethingbetter.com.
This chapter is from the book

In Chapter 5, I extolled the virtues of setting up your DataSets like in-memory databases. Unfortunately, I asked you to write quite a bit of code to do all the work. I was only teasing you. This chapter will show you how to use Typed DataSets to make that job a lot easier, while at the same time creating type-safety at compilation time.

6.1  What Are Typed DataSets?

Typed DataSets are a different animal than most of what we have discussed so far. They are not a set of classes in the framework, but instead, they are a set of generated classes that inherit directly from the DataSet family of classes. Figure 6.1 contains the class diagram from Chapter 5, which shows how the elements of the DataSet are related.

Figure 6.1Figure 6.1: The structure of a DataSet

In contrast, the Typed DataSet derives from these classes. The class diagram looks like that shown in Figure 6.2.

Figure 6.2Figure 6.2: The structure of a Typed DataSet

But why are they called Typed DataSets? In Chapter 5 we saw that we could create DataColumns for our DataTables to specify what type of data could be stored in each column. This enforces runtime type-safety, but on most occasions we would like to know that our DataSets are type-safe when we write the code. Typed DataSets generate classes that expose each object in a DataSet in a type-safe manner. With a DataSet, our code would look like Listing 6.1.

Listing 6.1: Using a DataSet


// Create a DataAdapter for each of the tables we're filling
SqlDataAdapter daCustomers = 
        new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM CUSTOMER;", conn);

// Create the Invoice DataAdapter
SqlDataAdapter daInvoices = 
        new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM INVOICE", conn);

// Create your blank DataSet
DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();

// Fill the DataSet with each DataAdapter
daCustomers.Fill(dataSet, "Customers");
daInvoices.Fill(dataSet, "Invoices");

// Show the customer name

// Change an invoice number with a string
// this shouldn't work because InvoiceNumber 
// expects an integer
                        Rows[0]["InvoiceNumber"] = "15234";

We need to use indexers with the DataSet to get each piece of the hierarchy until we finally get down to the row level. At any point you can misspell any name and get an error when this code is executed. In addition, the last line of the example shows us attempting to set the invoice number using a string. The DataSet knows that this column can only hold integers so we will get a runtime error enforcing that rule. In Listing 6.2, we do the same thing with a Typed DataSet.

Listing 6.2: Using a Typed DataSet

// Create a DataAdapter for each of the tables we're filling
SqlDataAdapter daCustomers = 
        new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM CUSTOMER;", conn);

// Create the invoice DataAdapter
SqlDataAdapter daInvoices = 
        new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM INVOICE", conn);

// Create your blank DataSet
CustomerTDS dataSet = new CustomerTDS();

// Fill the DataSet with each DataAdapter
daCustomers.Fill(dataSet, "Customers");
daInvoices.Fill(dataSet, "Invoices");

// Show the customer name

// This will not compile because InvoiceNumber expects 
// an integer
dataSet.Invoice[0].InvoiceNumber = "12345";

There are a few things to notice in this example. First, we create our Typed DataSet much like we created a DataSet in the first example—the difference is that the schema already exists in our Typed DataSet. Second, even though this is a Typed DataSet, the CustomerTDS class directly derives from the DataSet class. Therefore, when we call the DataAdapters to fill our DataSet, it will accept our Typed DataSet. In fact, the Typed DataSet is a DataSet . . . a specialized DataSet. Next, you should notice that the syntax to get at tables and fields is much more straightforward with Typed DataSets. Each DataTable is now referenced with a property of CustomerTDS. Likewise, each field is a property of a row. Not only is this syntax more straightforward, but you will get compiler errors if you misspell any of the elements. Lastly, when we try to set our invoice number with a string we also get a compiler error, because our generated class knows that invoice numbers are integers.

In addition to normal columns, you can set up expression columns in our Typed DataSets to make sure that expressions can be returned in a type-safe manner. For instance, in the above example, we can retrieve the FullName property from Customer. FullName is just an expression field that puts our customer's first and last names together in a convenient form. Because it is part of the Typed DataSet, this expression is returned as a string.

Lastly, as we will see in this chapter, using Typed DataSets as the basis for data object or business object layers is a powerful tool. By deriving directly from Typed DataSets we can eliminate much of the tedium of writing these layers, while at the same time achieving the type-safety we want.

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020