Home > Articles > Programming

  • Print
  • + Share This
Like this article? We recommend

Features of Integration Brokers

Once a message (which may or may not be SOAP-based) has been received, the integration broker optionally transforms it and then routes it to the correct recipient internally, which is often a legacy or ERP system.

Transformation

A feature more common in integration brokers than pure MOM packages, transformation is the process of converting a message from one format to another. This is commonly performed to deal with differences in data formats or to decompose the message to the appropriate level of granularity.

As a simple example, suppose an incoming message contains two fields: first name (First) and last name (Last). Unfortunately, the structure of the recipient system (a database, an ERP system, etc.) requires that the name be concatenated to one field, Name. In this case, there has to be a mechanism for mapping the incoming field to the appropriate destination fields. This is a common occurrence in data-level integration with enterprise application integration.

Figure 1 illustrates such a sample data-transformation process.

Figure 1Figure 1 A sample transformation process.

The mappings between the systems are typically stored in a mapping repository that tracks the source system, the format of the incoming messages, the destination system, and the desired format of the destination system.

Content-Based Routing

In many cases, the integration broker has to determine where to route the incoming message, choosing among more than one possible recipient based on some kind of criteria. Basic routing is usually specified at design time through a GUI; while useful, this setup may not be adequate for many firms. Content-based routing is more powerful because it can route messages based on topics, header, or payload. Consider the example of a financial company that caters to individuals with varying levels of net worth. The firm wants to route certain messages to designated brokers who handle orders above a specific amount (say $50,000). For such large orders, the firm wants the broker to have the customer's trading history, risk profile, and recommendations for similar securities.

To perform the routing correctly, the integration broker must be able to look at the fields of the incoming message, perform additional processing (pull up the trading history, risk profile, and so on), and then include this information with the message to the broker. This content-based routing results in a more optimal solution than just routing the bare message to the broker; with the additional context, the broker should be able to provide better customer service.

Workflow Modeling

Most integration brokers provide some form of workflow modeling tool to visually capture the mappings of message and routing. This produces a model that's stored in a repository to be updated (and versioned) as necessary. Unfortunately, there is no standard format for the workflow models that these tools create, resulting in incompatibilities.

Adapters

Most enterprises have a number of legacy applications that were either acquired (through third parties or literally from an acquisition) or built as the company matured. Of course, these applications typically have their own APIs, which often are incompatible with other APIs. Similar to a database driver, an adapter is a software module that allows a connection to be established to a particular system: ERP system, legacy system, and so on. Adapters are typically written by third-party software companies or consulting firms that have built this knowledge through multiple projects. (In many cases, the software companies started as consulting firms). It stands to reason that the most popular adapters connect to popular systems, including ERP packages such as SAP, PeopleSoft, and so forth, and customer relationship management packages such as Siebel, Clarify (purchased by Nortel), and so on.

Often, before the integration broker can communicate with the destination system, it has to load the adapter and use it to establish a connection. The J2EE specifications define the Java Connector Architecture (JCA), a platform-independent mechanism for connecting to an external system. It's analogous to the JDBC driver concept, a database-independent API for connecting to data sources (relational databases and flat files).

Message Warehousing

Some of the integration brokers offer a message warehouse: persistent storage that stores the messages that have flowed through the message broker. This persistent storage can be used to perform additional functionality such as message mining and message integrity:

  • Similar to a data warehouse, the message warehouse allows the administrator to perform message mining to determine trends or performance metrics. As an example, the frequency of a refund message (matched to the refund goods business process) may indicate declining quality of sold goods. Likewise, a light load of messages between two systems may indicate that the business relationship is not generating the expected revenues. The message warehouse can also be used to perform audits to potentially enforce the terms of a service-level agreement.

  • As persistent storage, the message warehouse stores all the messages that have been sent (or will be sent, if the destination system is down). This message logging can then be used to manually reconcile any discrepancies or exceptions between the source and destination system.

Management

Usually the weakest areas of most integration brokers, the management feature is typically offered in the form of a console. The console allows the administrator to start and stop processes, view performance statistics, and set alerts for exceptional conditions (for example, if the number of messages per second fall below an acceptable range). This feature will be further explored with the discussion on web service networks.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020