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This chapter is from the book

This chapter is from the book

3.4 Design for Processes with No Zeros Near the Imaginary Axis or in the Right Half of the s-Plane

When N(s) has no zeros in the right half of the s-plane or near the imaginary axis, the inverse of the model is stable and not overly oscillatory. In this case, the IMC controller for Eq. (3.14) can be chosen as

Equation 3.15


where r = the relative order4 of N(s)/D(s).

From Eq. (3.13), the filter time constant in Eq. (3.15) must satisfy

Equation 3.16


As before, the limit given by Eq. (3.16) ensures that the high frequency gain of the controller is not more than 20 times its low frequency gain. The actual values of the filter time constant will more often be dictated by modeling errors and will be computed as shown in Chapter 7.

The form of the filter (i.e., 1/(s + 1)r) is somewhat arbitrary. It was chosen because it is the simplest form with a single adjustable parameter, , that provides an overdamped response5 and makes q(s) realizable. Such a filter has the great merit of simplicity at the possible price of being suboptimal. There is also no incentive to use a filter order, r, greater than the minimum required to make the IMC controller realizable, because when there are modeling errors, higher order filters lead to slower responses, as shown in Chapter 7. Choosing a filter whose order is the same as the relative order of the model leads to a controller, q(s), whose relative order is zero.

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