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Installing SharePoint Foundation 2010

To install SharePoint Foundation 2010 (SPF 2010), you must first download a copy of the latest version of SPF 2010 from the Microsoft site. Because the application is free to use, it is available to everyone as a free full version; there's no need to select either a trial version or get a nontrial version from MSDN or TechNet.

To ensure that you get the most recent version (which might, by the time you read this book, include Service Pack 1 or 2), go to the Microsoft Downloads page (http://www.microsoft.com/downloads) and search for "SharePoint Foundation 2010." This search yields the page shown in Figure 2.4 (at the time of writing).

Figure 2.4

Figure 2.4 Download Page for SharePoint Foundation 2010

Because SPF 2010 is a free product, you do not have to note or acquire a Product Key. You just need to download the product (when in the VM) and run it when you are prompted to run or save the install. (Use Save if you want to keep a copy of the .exe file and then double-click the file).

The first SPF 2010 installation screen is a greatly improved version of the equivalent 2007 installation screen (see Figure 2.5).

Figure 2.5

Figure 2.5 Installation screen for SPF 2010

Note that the software prerequisites are the first option in the Install section. You no longer need to hunt for documentation that tells you what you need to install before you install SPF 2010.

At this point, follow these steps to install SPF 2010:

  1. Select Install Software Prerequisites, which starts a routine that first tells you what will install and then installs them (see Figure 2.6).
    Figure 2.6

    Figure 2.6 The Prerequisites Screen

  2. At the end of the prerequisites phase, select Finish. Figure 2.7 appears, a key page for most Installations. Rather than just jumping into the Basic Installation (the Standalone option), which is what you will use (the simplest installation), here are the main differences between the two installation types:

    • Standalone installs everything on a single server, which includes the installation of a copy of SQL Server 2008 Express.
    • Server Farm gives you more options:
      • Standalone enables you to specify the location of the search index files, but otherwise the installation is the same as a Standalone Installation and also like that installs SQL Server 2008 Express. (SPF 2010, unlike WSS 3.0, actually says so on the page-progress!)
      • Complete installs the full SPF 2010 product on the server, but it does not install SQL Server 2008 Express. Also, it enables you to say on which server your database system is. (Because of this, your database system should already be installed if you use this option.)
    Figure 2.7

    Figure 2.7 Choosing the Installation type

    Here in the original screen (Figure 2.7), select Standalone.

  3. After the files have been copied to the server by the installation routine, the Run Configuration Wizard screen appears (see Figure 2.8). When you get here, select Close. Doing so starts a lengthy process of installing the software on the server, so go grab a cup of coffee.

    Figure 2.8

    Figure 2.8 Run Configuration Wizard

    As the software is installed on the server, a screen advises you that several services (such as IIS) need to be stopped and started as part of the process. Then, there is a long process of 10 configuration steps; patience is required particularly on steps 2 and 8. Progress is shown, though.

  4. Finally, a Configuration Successful screen appears, and the installation and configuration are complete.

Before the default website can be opened, the user needs to log in (see Figure 2.9).

Figure 2.9

Figure 2.9 Connecting to SPF1

The only user we have available at the moment is the Administrator. Enter both Administrator and the password, and you see the website (see Figure 2.10).

Figure 2.10

Figure 2.10 The SPF 2010 default site

You need to check one final thing: Make sure that you have an Administration Site. To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Go to Start and select SharePoint 2010 Central Administration (see Figure 2.11).
    Figure 2.11

    Figure 2.11 SharePoint 2010 Central Administration in Start

  2. After the inevitable request for you to sign in with Administrator and Password, you see Figure 2.12.
    Figure 2.12

    Figure 2.12 SharePoint 2010 Central Administration

  3. You can now visually verify that you have a Central Administration site.

With that, installation is complete.

Note, however, the port used by Central Administration (in this case, 41170) because you can't always access the server's Start button (or Administration Tools) and access it from there. Also add this address (http://SPF1:41170 for this example, but for you, the address you see in your system!) to your Favorites list in your browser.

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