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What to Expect from Flash Site Workshop

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Your home page is the first significant encounter users will have with your site. It serves as a springboard for the additional movies that you will present to your viewers along the way, and it is the place where you will establish your visual and functional footholds. In this sample chapter, explore your options for customization of the look, feel, and function of the navigation bar and the three key segments of the home page movie provided—the preloader, introduction, and the actual home page.
This sample chapter is excerpted from Flash Site Workshop.

Your home page is the first significant encounter your users will have with your site. The home page serves as a springboard for the additional movies that you will present to your viewers along the way. It's important to immediately convey that your site is worth visiting. The home page is also where you will establish your visual and functional footholds. Your choice of navigation should be intuitive and unobtrusive for the user, but always consistent.

The movies in the Flash Site Workshop have been constructed with usability and consistency issues in mind. You'll notice that each section is similar in color and the style of the graphics. Because the movies provided are prefabricated, one of the key issues you need to address is consistency of brand identity. The modifications that you make to the provided movies should be in line with the current look and feel of the printed material and other media of the company. It's likely that your company has a logo, letterhead, and brochures or catalogs—take these into consideration when you build your Flash site. If the client receives brochures, mailings, invoices, and even product packaging that are completely different than what they've seen on the Web site, their confidence in the product could diminish.

Whether your company has an established brand presence or not, the design choices that you make should be evident in each of the movies you modify. The colors, fonts, style of photography, and illustration should all be related to each other. The user shouldn't feel like they've jumped to another site each time they view a new category.

Flash offers a great deal in the way of sound and animation capabilities. It's up to you to make wise use of these tools. It's best to use the high impact elements only when they are necessary and improve the user experience. The introduction to your site is a good place to exhibit your skill as an animator; however, it's probably not wise to have a gratuitous spinning vortex of color right next to the animation of your product demo. Your mission is to create a site that will inform and help the visitor use the products and services offered by the company—entertainment is a sideline.

Probably the best advice is to assemble a design plan before you attack the modifications. Know what you want out the site, decide on the message that you intend to convey to your viewers, and keep that concept ever-present. Have a clear picture of the experience you want to create, and the end product will be effective. You will also save a lot of aggravation and wasted time in revisions later on.

In this chapter we'll explore your options for customization of the look, feel, and function of the navigation bar and the three key segments of the home page movie provided—the preloader, introduction, and the actual home page.

I've chosen to customize the site for a fictitious robot manufacturing company. My audience includes consumers who are looking for help around the house as well as current and potential suppliers and vendors who provide the company with parts, research and development consultants, and so on. One of the potential issues that the company identified early on was the customer's initial fear that the machines would be too complicated and time-consuming to learn to operate. In response to this, the robots themselves are marketed as a cross between an upscale household appliance and a toy-like a Tomagochi pet. The product should be as easy to program as a VCR and as entertaining as a video game. To foster this image, the site contains demonstration videos, tips, and tricks for programming the robots as well an online community message board for owners to chat and share ideas and experiences they've had with their robots. To convey the fun and ease of use of the product, the look and feel of the site is graphic and high-energy.

Navigation Bar Movie

The navigation bar provided should be used as a structure for your own navigation bar. You can modify the overall look of the bar to match your own design concept. The name and number of menu items will be changed to conform to your needs. Additionally, you have the option to change the animation of the sub-menu from a pop-up to a drop-down action.

I've chosen to present the Navigation Bar movie and the Home Page movie in the same chapter for more than convenience sake. They are two separate movies that act together. When the Home Page movie is played, a script in that movie will automatically load the floating navigation bar into the top level of the Home Page movie. A little later in this chapter, we'll explore how this happens and how to maintain the proper naming conventions to ensure the movies will work properly.

Home Page Movie

The Home Page movie is broken up into three segments—The Preloader, which loads in all the elements before the viewer can see the movie; The Introduction, which gives the viewer an artistic entry into your site; and The Home Page, which is the gateway to the rest of your site.


You can customize the supplied code to ensure that all of your elements are loaded and ready to view before your viewer reaches the main body of your movie. The graphics and animations provided can be used as model for your own design.


You can customize the sounds, animations, graphic elements, and a random quote generator provided to create a high-impact cinemagraphic entrance to the main content of your site.

Home Page

You can modify the graphics, color scheme, animations, logo, banner ads, and text to conform to your own company identity.

How the Navigation Bar Movie Works

Go to the folder titled CH03-Files/CH03-Originals on your CD-ROM, grab the file titled hz_Nav_Bar_new.fla, and place a copy in your working folder. Open it up in the Flash 5 application and test the movie. You'll see that the navigation bar is constructed in a sliding bar format, so you can scroll to the right and left to view more main menu items. This layout will allow you to list many main menu items without filling the entire site with lists of options. If you roll over a main menu item, the text turns from white to blue and a light gray box appears behind it. When you click on a main menu item, a sub-menu pops up in an incremental animation. This sub-menu structure provides you with a clean, simple, and efficient way to organize many items within one category. When you roll over any of the sub-menu items, the boxes turn from blue to green and an arrow appears next to the text. In your finished movie, when you click on these categories, a script will load the appropriate movie. In the example, that option isn't functional yet. The sub-menu will disappear when you roll out of the category. You will also note that if you roll over the Drag button, the button reverses its type to blue with a lighter gray background. If you click and drag this button, the entire menu bar will follow your cursor, allowing your viewer to place it anywhere on the Stage during run time.

Return to the hz_Nav_Bar_new.fla that should still be open in the Flash application and take a look at the main Timeline. This movie has a single scene with a single keyframe containing a Movie Clip that is several layers deep. Open up the Movie Clip by double-clicking the navigation bar at the bottom of the Stage. Once you're inside, take the play head and scrub across the Timeline. You'll see the main menu buttons swing from right to left and vice versa on the Stage below.

It's easier to visualize how these elements work together if we start from the bottom and work our way up through the layers. The very bottom layer of the Movie Clip contains the outline of the navigation bar itself, which is simply a static graphic symbol. The two layers above are grouped together as a Mask layer, appropriately named Mask, as well as a Masked layer named Scroll. Scroll is comprised of a graphic symbol made up of Movie Clips in a single row that contain main menu buttons. The Mask layer masks off all but the inside boundaries of the navigation bar outline so that when the main menu buttons tween from right to left, only the buttons inside the perimeter of the navigation bar are visible. Above the Mask layer is the Buttons layer. This layer contains the Scroll buttons that enable the menu to scroll back and forth. The Scroll buttons simply contain scripts that play a certain frame inside the Movie Clip Timeline. The Drag Handle layer contains the button that enables the user to drag the bar at run time. The very top layer, called Labels, contains a series of blank keyframes that exist for no other purpose than to label sections of the Timeline. The names of the labels in the Top layer make it easy to recognize the position of the main menu buttons at each stop action contained in the Actions layer below.

Figure 3.1 Timeline of the Movie Clip hn_NavBarScroller.

Now that you've seen how the scrolling motion is achieved, let's move on to the sub-menu structure. While still inside the hn_NavBarScroller Timeline, scrub the play head back to frame 1, double-click the Home button that appears on the Stage. You'll now find yourself in the Timeline for the symbol titled hn_menu. The hn_menu graphic symbol contains one Movie Clip for every main menu item. Roll your cursor to the Stage area and double-click the Home button again. You'll see that you are now in the Timeline for the Movie Clip hn_home_mov. You could, of course, view these symbols straight from the Library, but it's easier to see how they function as a whole if viewed in the context of the larger Timeline. When you've entered the hn_home_mov Movie Clip, you'll see four layers with two keyframes each.

Figure 3.2 Timeline of the Movie Clip hn_home_mov.

The Actions layer that contains the scripts for this Timeline starts at the top. Both keyframes contain a stop() action; however, the second keyframe also contains the label Up. Below that is the Buttons layer that contains the main menu item button. The first keyframe on this layer contains an instance of the Home button with a script that sends the play head to the frame labeled Up. The second keyframe contains a Home button instance, but doesn't have a script attached to it. Underneath the Buttons layer is the layer titled Sub Menu. The first keyframe in the Sub Menu layer is blank, but the second keyframe contains the Movie Clip that creates the sub-menu button animation. You'll see the first category in the sub-menu when you scrub over the second keyframe. In this case the button on the Stage reads "Media."

At the bottom of the Movie Clip is a layer called rolloffTarget. This layer contains an invisible button that covers the perimeter of the sub-menu and main menu buttons. It contains the script:

on (rollOver) {
  gotoAndStop (1);

This script sends the play head back to the "off" position of the first frame of this Movie Clip, thus causing the sub-menu to disappear.

Now let's see how the Sub-Menu Movie Clip animates. Accessing the Sub-Menu Movie Clip is easier if you lock down the other layers, and then double-click the Stage over the sub-menu button in the second keyframe. You'll find yourself in the Timeline of the Movie Clip named hn_home_sub because we started with the Home main menu item and burrowed down. This Movie Clip has four layers and two keyframes. The top layer is titled Actions and contains a stop() action on the second keyframe. The next layer is titled Images Button, with a blank first keyframe; the second keyframe contains a button and text label for the button that will load the Images movie. Below that layer is the layer named Media Button, which contains the Media button and text label in both keyframes. The bottom layer contains an invisible button that forms the roll off perimeter. The sub-menu buttons display in a stair step animation because the Media button appears in both frames, but the Images button doesn't appear until frame 2. There's a stop() action on frame 2 so the play head will remain there. As long as the cursor doesn't leave the perimeter established by the invisible button in the hn_home_mov Clip, the sub-menu will stay popped up on the Stage. When the cursor does leave the invisible button perimeter, the play head is sent back to a frame that no longer contains the Sub-Menu Movie Clip and the sub-menu disappears.

Figure 3.3 Timeline of the Movie Clip hn_home_sub showing the animation structure.

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