Home > Articles > Operating Systems, Server > Solaris

Like this article? We recommend

Section 1.1: Solaris Configuration (clustadm)

This section describes the steps necessary to install Solaris 8 (plus patches) on the Sun Cluster administrative workstation (clustadm). The same version of Solaris OE must run on both the clustadm workstation and on each of the cluster nodes. The workstation is used for the installation and for basic cluster operations.


At this time, it is assumed that all systems and subsystems have been powered on, and the SunPlex platform is fully configured (as per Figure 1, and Table 1 through Table 5). All hardware components are operational.

Key Practice: Ensure all firmware is installed with the most recent (supported) versions for all systems and subsystems, including all servers, disk arrays, controllers, and terminal concentrators. For example, on each node in the SunPlex platform, ensure the system EEPROM contains the most recent (supported) version of OpenBoot PROM (OBP) such as, OpenBoot 3.15.

Step 1.1.1

For local (manual) installations, it is a good idea to ensure that the clustadm workstation is configured with the most recent version of the OBP. Information about downloading can be obtained from SunSolveSM, at http://sunsolve.sun.com. After upgrading the OBP, manually turn system power off, and then on, before continuing with the next step.

Step 1.1.2

For local (manual) installations, install Solaris OE on the clustadm workstation according to the recommendations listed on the EIS Installation Checklist for SunCluster 3.0 Systems. Specifically, obtain most recent EIS CDs, and follow the guidelines for "Installation of the Administration Workstation," including the EIS "WorkGroup Server" (WGS) checklist.

  • Checklist recommendations include installing the Entire Distribution, choosing the proper locale (english), and the root disk layout. Choose Entire Distribution+OEM, if required.

  • During the installation, don't forget to install the Solaris man pages.

EIS Installation Checklists are located on EIS CD1, under: sun/docs/EISchecklists/pdf


For new cluster installations, obtain all site-specific information by examining the appropriate EIS installation documentation, and completing all EIS preinstallation procedures.

Key Practice: Implement Solaris JumpStart to maintain consistency and fully automate the installation of the Solaris Operating Environment and additional software packages for each node in the SunPlex platform. Solaris JumpStart can improve installations and minimize operator errors that occur during a manual process. Combining Solaris JumpStart and Flash archives enables quick and consistent disaster/recovery operations.

Step 1.1.3

For local (manual) installations, reboot the clustadm workstation after installing Solaris.

Step 1.1.4

Verify the correct Solaris OE configuration. At this time, log in as the root user and ensure Solaris has been configured correctly, on the clustadm workstation.

For these examples, the root password is abc

Example Solaris OE configuration – clustadm workstation

Host name:


IP Address:


Name Service:

None (local files)

Set Subnet:


Subnet Mask:

Default Gateway:



The values quoted in the previous table are sample values. For local (manual) installations, substitute the appropriate site-specific values, as provided on the EIS installation documentation.

Step 1.1.5

Verify that the following partitioning guidelines have been implemented for the clustadm workstation, which reserves space for use by a volume manager, and allocates 2 Gbytes (slice 1) for swap space, then assigns unallocated space to / (root, on slice 0).


It is often easier to use the Solaris format command to calculate the exact number of even cylinders to be configured, as when determining the size of the root file system.

Configure boot disk slices using the following guidelines:

Slice 0 = assigned to "/" (all unallocated space)
Slice 1 = assigned to swap (2 GB)
Slice 2 = assigned as backup (full extent)


These procedures, DO NOT include the steps necessary to configure a volume manager on the clustadm workstation; however, it is a good idea to configure one. For example, implement Solaris™ Volume Manager (SVM) and configure a highly available boot environment (that is, alternate boot disk and controller). At a minimum, data should be protected against failure of any single diskspindle.

Key Practice: Configure a standard, flexible disk partitioning scheme. Partitioning each disk spindle identically can save time, provide flexibility, and maintain consistency across nodes. In this case, use a consistent partitioning scheme that is flexible, allows for using either SVM or VxVM. Implement the following standard partitioning for boot disks:

Reserve the first few cylinders for use by a volume manager. For SVM, the reserved space (20 Mbytes) should be assigned to slice 7. For VxVM, a minimum of two cylinders are required, and slices 3 and 4 must be unassigned. Some customer applications require use of a slice. The alternate boot environment, Live Upgrade requires one slice.


Installing the entire Solaris media kit can require nearly 13 Gbytes. Assuming 36 Gbyte disk drives, this should be more than sufficient for the boot disk layout being proposed here.

Key Practice: Verify that the Solaris OE installation was successful and that any errors reported are resolved before proceeding. Review the /var/sadm/README file to determine the location of the most recent installation logs (for example, /var/sadm/system/logs). Examine the current Solaris OE installation log files begin.log, sysidtool.log, or install_log for potential errors. Confirm the cause of any installation error messages which may occur, resolving failures before proceeding further. Refer to the SC3.0 U3 Error Messages Manual for error message translations.

Step 1.1.6

Examine the installation logs, ensuring that any Solaris OE installation errors do not go undetected, or unresolved. On the clustadm workstation, type the following commands:

clustadm# cd /var/sadm/system/logs
clustadm# pwd

clustadm# ls
begin.log       finish.log       install.log
begin.log_2000_04_13 finish.log_2000_04_13 sysidtool.log {{sample dates only}}
clustadm# more *
{{It is important to resolve any installation error messages noted in the logs.

pkgadd: ERROR: postinstall script did not complete successfully}}

Step 1.1.7

For local (manual) installations, insert the first EIS CD into the clustadm workstation.

Step 1.1.8

Change to the <eis-cd>.../sun/install directory, where the setup-standard.sh script is located. The setup-standard.sh script will set up the EIS environment, and adds Explorer and ACT software. Additionally, this script configures the root user and shell environment, and will dynamically configure your path based upon your actual configuration.

Enter the following commands to set up the EIS environment, on the clustadm workstation:

# cd /cdrom/eis-cd/sun/install
# sh setup-standard.sh
  • Many prompts provide a default value. Accept all default values, except as noted for the following:

  • Enter "n", when asked if you want to "enable the email panic facility", during ACT installation (into the /opt/CTEact directory).

  • When prompted for the SUNWexplo package, enter all site-specific information, as appropriate.

  • Enter a single "-" , when asked "Would you like explorer output to be sent to alternate email addresses at the completion of explorer?"

  • Enter "n", when asked if you "wish to run explorer once a week?"

  • When prompted, DO NOT run /opt/SUNWexplo/bin/explorer -q -e at this time. We will use this tool to gather important cluster configuration data after the installation has been completed.

  • For /opt/SUNWexplo, type "y" when asked if you "want this directory created now?"

  • Enter "y" to proceed with the installation of explorer.

Upon completion, you should see a message indicating the "/.profile was created/modified", along with notification that the "Installation of <SUNWexplo> was successful".

Step 1.1.9

Activate the EIS environment, by invoking a new shell, or simply executing 'su - ' , at this time. If you are connected to the /dev/console port, you should log off and then on again.

Verify that all settings and environment variables are configured, as required.

Example: Environment Variables (settings) - clustadm




ansi or vt100



set prompt


Ensure the following PATH variable settings


Ensure the following MANPATH variable settings


It is important to note that the EIS setup-standard.sh script configures /.profile to ensure the correct EIS installation environment.

Step 1.1.10

Prior to using a text editor (such as vi) to view or modify files, ensure your terminal environment variable, as appropriate. We recommend TERM=ansi; export TERM for proper video display.

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020