Home > Articles > Programming > Windows Programming

📄 Contents

  1. Introducing gasTix: The Sample Client
  2. Architecting the System
  3. Web Site Flow
  4. Project Design and Approach: The Microsoft Solutions Framework
  5. From Here
  • Print
  • + Share This
Like this article? We recommend

Like this article? We recommend

Project Design and Approach: The Microsoft Solutions Framework

The success of most technology projects depends on proper planning and the adoption of a formal methodology to fulfill the business objectives through effective project management and development. The use of a framework within which to operate is even more important as larger development efforts are undertaken. Therefore, care was taken by the authoring and development team to implement the sample application within a development framework that would ensure the quality of the resulting application.

For that framework, the team used the Microsoft Solution Framework (MSF). MSF presents a collection of industry-wide best practices, concepts, and models that help lay the foundation for planning, constructing, and administering development efforts. This foundation aids an organization in defining required resources and timetables for meeting key project objectives and deliverables.


One key point about MSF is that it is a framework, not a methodology. Consider MSF a map that shows key landmarks and possible routes to a destination as opposed to specific driving instructions that lay out the specific route you have to take to reach the destination.

There are actually several models included within MSF:

  • Team model—Presents the key roles and responsibilities of development team members.

  • Process model—Presents the main phases and deliverables included within the software development lifecycle.

  • Applications model—Presents the basic structure for best implementing applications.

However, for purposes of this book, only the process model is discussed. The remainder of this section provides a brief overview of that development process and provides a foundation for understanding the overall sectional structure of the book.


For more information on the Microsoft Solutions Framework, visit http://www.microsoft.com/msf.

Development Process Overview

The MSF process model presents the basic steps involved in a software development project. According to the framework, as presented in Figure 2.4, development is divided into four basic phases. These are:

  • Envisioning

  • Planning

  • Developing

  • Stabilizing

Borrowing from the spiral approach to software development, the process model calls for each of the four phases to be repeated in an iterative manner as often as necessary. Each iteration results a new, fully functional version of the software. This is the reason why Figure 2.4 shows the end of the stabilization phase leading into the envisioning phase of a new version of the product.

Figure 2.4 The MSF process is circular.

Each of those phases consists of a set of intermediate milestones discussed in the subsections that follow.


This phase concludes with the "Vision/Scope Approved" milestone, which represents an agreement on long-range vision motivating the effort, as well as short-range scope of what will be accomplished. At this time, the team members share opportunities, risks, and assumptions.

In relation to this book, Section 1, "Envisioning," consists of chapters outlining the .NET architecture and presents the high-level requirements of the application.


This phase concludes with the "Project Plan Approved" milestone, which represents an agreement on project deliverables, features and priorities, and the targeted release date. All team members buy into and commit to the delivery schedule.

Section 2 of this book, "Planning," focuses on the architectural options available in configuring an n-tier application under the .NET architecture. Hence, the chapters are focused on the technical design of the overall system that is part of the overall planning phase and not on program management issues.


This phase concludes with the "Scope Complete/First Use" milestone, which represents an agreement that all features have been built to specification, yet accepting that the solution is not completely stable.

Section 3 of this book, "Development," presents code examples of how specific aspects of system functionality were implemented using .NET. The goal is to highlight examples of how different tools within .NET are used to meet specific business or design criteria. This chapter is not concerned with program issues of how to best develop code and it does not discuss use of unit tests, code reviews, or other such best practices. This subject matter is outside of the scope of this book and has been well documented in numerous other books.


This phase concludes with the "Release" milestone, which represents an agreement that all outstanding stability issues have been addressed, and that the support and operations organization is sufficiently prepared to deploy and manage the solution.

Section 4 of this book, "Stabilization," focuses on technical issues associated with testing, debugging, and deploying applications within the .NET framework. The focus is not on how to best track bugs or reach a "golden release" as, again, such subject matter is outside of the scope of this book and has been well documented in other books.

A Note on the Sample Application

For the purposes of this book, not all aspects of gasTix were developed by the development team. Only a subset of the entire system has been implemented. Aspects that were necessary to demonstrate the principles of building a .NET application were implemented here.

This does not mean that the sample site is not robust. On the contrary, the site has been rigorously tested to ensure the highest stability and scalability. Rather, not all functionality has necessarily been implemented. The following list shows the overall gasTix company infrastructure provided in the sample application:

  • gasTix site—This is the main site in support of the Internet users. The complete site includes the Web server code, the ticketing engine, and the supporting database.

  • gasBags site—This is a mockup site for a fictitious partner site supporting a bagpipe band called the gasBags. The objective of this site is to demonstrate consumption of Web services provided by gasTix.

  • Fulfillment site—The fulfillment site is a simple set of services implemented purely to show the use of BizTalk in communications. The site exists primarily to implement the fulfillment side's interface and does not actually print or handle the shipping of the tickets.

  • Address verification—This is a simplified version of what a full-blown address-verification site provides. This site was created to demonstrate consumption of services needed by gasBags and to simulate a large-scale database application for Microsoft Data Server analysis.

  • Microsoft Passport—Interfacing with Passport was implemented to demonstrate the techniques involved in accessing this key service from Microsoft.

The online version of gasTix will continue to evolve this functionality over time. Visit it often at http://www.gastix.com to see the latest implementation surrounding the service.

  • + Share This
  • 🔖 Save To Your Account

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020