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System Center Operations Manager (OpsMgr) 2007 R2 Unleashed: Supplement to System Center Operations Manager 2007 Unleashed

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System Center Operations Manager (OpsMgr) 2007 R2 Unleashed: Supplement to System Center Operations Manager 2007 Unleashed

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  • Copyright 2010
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-672-33117-9
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-672-33117-6

This up-to-the-minute supplement to System Center Operations Manager 2007 Unleashed brings together practical, in-depth information about System Operations Manager 2007, including major enhancements introduced with the R2 release, as well as essential information on other products and technologies OpsMgr integrates with and relies upon.

Drawing on their unsurpassed deployment experience, four leading independent OpsMgr experts with a half dozen leading subject matter experts show how to take full advantage of new Unix/Linux cross platform extensions, Windows Server 2008 and SQL Server 2008 integration, PowerShell extensions, and much more. They also present in-depth coverage of using OpsMgr with virtualization, authoring new management packs, and maximizing availability.

A detailed “OpsMgr R2 by Example” appendix presents indispensable tuning and configuration tips for several of OpsMgr R2’s most important management packs. This book also contains the world’s most compre- hensive collection of OpsMgr R2 reference links.

  • Discover and monitor Linux and Unix systems through OpsMgr with the new Cross Platform Extensions
  • Utilize Microsoft’s upgraded management packs and templates for monitoring operating systems, services, and applications
  • Monitor your system with the Health Explorer and new Visio add-in
  • Create OpsMgr 2007 R2 reports and queries utilizing SQL Server 2008
  • Understand how Windows Server 2008 and OpsMgr integrate
  • Use PowerShell and the OpsMgr Shell to automate common management tasks
  • Efficiently manage virtualized environments (Hyper-V or ESX vCenter)
  • Author your own OpsMgr custom management packs
  • Implement advanced high availability and business continuity management
  • Use targeting to apply the appropriate monitoring to each component
  • Master advanced ACS techniques for noise filtering, access hardening, and auditing

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Chapter 1    Introduction and What’s New  1

Licensing Updates  2

    Licensing Changes to the System Center Server Management Suite  3

    Licensing of Cross Platform Applications  4

New in Service Pack 1  4

    SP 1 Highlights  4

    Gateway Enhancements  5

    Clustered RMS Enhancements  6

    RMS Encryption Key Backup  6

R2 Highlights and Capabilities  7

    Importing Management Packs  9

    New and Updated Templates  11

    User Interface  13

    Run As  14

    IIS 7 and ASP.NET 64-Bit Apps  14

    Large-Scale Monitoring of URLs  15

    Maintenance Mode  15

    32-Bit Performance Counter Support on 64-Bit Systems  15

    Web Console (Health Explorer)  15

    Notification Subscription Wizard  16

    Service Level Monitoring  17

    Reporting Enhancements  19

    Recalculating and Resetting Monitor States  21

    Power Consumption Monitoring  22

Summary  22

Chapter 2    Unix/Linux Management: Cross Platform Extensions  23

Supported Platforms and Requirements  23

Preparing to Discover Unix/Linux Computers  27

    Name Resolution  28

    Account Information Gathering  28

    Update WinRM  29

    Configuring Accounts and Profiles  30

    Importing the Unix/Linux Management Packs  36

Discovering and Monitoring Unix/Linux Computers  39

    Discovering  39

    Manually Installing the CrossPlat Agent  45

    Notes on Unix Commands  48

    Common Agent Deployment Errors  50

    Additional Reference Material on CrossPlat  51

    Monitoring (Where Do You Find Everything?)  53

Integrating Unix/Linux Computers in OpsMgr  54

    OpsMgr Console  54

    Health Explorer  56

    Reports  57

    Tasks  58

    Integration with Distributed Applications  59

Bridgeways Management Packs  61

    The Bridgeways VMware ESX Management Pack  62

    The Bridgeways Apache Management Pack  68

Novell SUSE Management Pack  70

    Logical Disk Volume Recovery  72

    Cron Service Recovery  73

    Performance Collection  76

    Custom Scripting in the SUSE Management Pack  77

Management Pack Templates  83

    Unix/Linux Log File Template  83

    Unix/Linux Service Template  84

Connectors  86

Summary  96

Chapter 3    Operations Manager 2007 R2 and Windows Server 2008  97

Installing Operations Manager 2007 R2  97

    Hotfixes  98

    Prerequisite Changes  99

    Roles and Features  99

    The Windows 2008 Firewall  103

    After Installation  106

Upgrading to Operations Manager 2007 R2  109

    Upgrading to OpsMgr 2007 R2–Currently on Windows 2008  109

    Upgrading to OpsMgr 2007 R2–Currently on Windows 2003  111

    Upgrading to OpsMgr 2007 R2–Known Issues  111

Additional Windows 2008 Considerations  112

    Windows Server 2008 SP 2  112

    Windows Server 2008 R2  112

    Server Core  113

    Windows Server 2008 Updated or New Management Packs  114

Summary  116

Chapter 4    Using SQL Server 2008 in OpsMgr 2007 R2  117

Core OpsMgr Component Support  117

    High Availability with Standard and Enterprise Editions  119

    Database Maintenance with Standard and Enterprise Editions  120

Setup  121

    Hardware Best Practices  121

    Upgrading Databases from SQL Server 2005 to SQL Server 2008  123

    SQL 2008 Reporting Services  128

    Post-Installation Steps for SQL Server  131

Operations Manager 2007 R2 Reporting  133

    Architecture  133

    Enhancements  135

Database Maintenance  138

    Operational Database Maintenance  139

    Data Warehouse Maintenance  144

Useful SQL Queries  145

    Operational Database SQL Queries  146

    Data Warehouse Database SQL Queries  148

    Miscellaneous SQL Queries  149

Summary  151

Chapter 5    PowerShell Extensions for Operations Manager 2007  153

Windows PowerShell Basics  153

    Installing and Accessing PowerShell  154

    General PowerShell Concepts  155

    Basic Navigation and Functionality  157

    Cmdlet Structure  157

    Getting Started  159

    Special Variable $_  161

    Comparison Operators  162

    Filtering Cmdlets  162

    Sorting and Selecting Cmdlets  165

    Formatting Cmdlets  166

    Conditional Statements  167

    Looping Statements  170

    Providers  171

    Profiles  172

Using the Operations Manager PowerShell Shell  173

    Monitoring:\ Provider  174

    Listing OpsMgr Shell Cmdlets  175

    Commonly Used Cmdlets  175

    Get-Alert and Monitoring:\  177

    Incorporating the Operations Manager SDK  179

    PowerShell Performance  180

PowerShell and Operations Manager Examples  181

    General PowerShell Examples  181

    Operations Manager Examples  184

PowerShell Best Practices  191

Summary  191

Chapter 6    Management Solutions for Small and Midsize Business  193

Windows Small Business Server 2008  194

    SBS 2008 Native Management Features  194

    Remote Operations Manager Scenarios for SBS 2008  197

Windows Essential Business Server 2008  198

    EBS and Essentials  198

    EBS with Remote OpsMgr  200

Preview of System Center Essentials 2010  202

    Essentials 2010 Setup Experience  203

    Using the Essentials 2010 Virtualization Features  205

    Other New Essentials 2010 Features  208

Summary  211

Chapter 7    Operations Manager and Virtualization  213

The Case for VM Management  213

    Virtualization Challenges and Rewards  214

    VM Management Standards: Cloud Computing Enabler  215

Managing VMs without VMM  216

    Choosing Not to Deploy Virtual Machine Manager  217

    Monitoring Virtual Server  218

    Monitoring Windows Server Hyper-V  219

    Monitoring VMware ESX with OpsMgr  220

Installing VMM and Connecting It to OpsMgr  221

    Installing Virtual Machine Manager  222

    Integrating Operations Manager with VMM  225

The VMM Management Pack  227

ESX vCenter Integration  232

    Adding a VMware Virtualization Manager  232

    Managing ESX Hosts and Guest VMs  234

Performance and Resource Optimization  236

    Enabling PRO Tips  236

    VMM Native CPU and Memory PRO Feature  237

    PRO-Enabled Vendor Management Packs  239

Using VMM in DMZs and Untrusted Domains  240

    OpsMgr and VMM Agent Alternate Security Modes  240

    VMM and OpsMgr Agent Architecture Differences  243

    Virtualizing OpsMgr 2007 and VMM Components  244

Summary  246

Chapter 8    Management Pack Authoring  247

What’s in a Management Pack?  248

MP Authoring Tools  248

    The Authoring Console  249

    The Operations Console  249

    An XML Editor  249

    A Script Editor  250

Scripting in OpsMgr 2007  251

    Preparing Your Development Workstation  251

    Types of Scripts in OpsMgr 2007 Management Packs  252

    Nuts and Bolts of the OpsMgr Scripting API  253

    Logging an Event  254

    Scripting for Health Monitoring and Displaying Performance  255

    Using a Script in Discovery  256

Designing Your Management Pack  259

    Identifying Application Components (Classes)  260

    How the Components Are Related (Relationships)  260

    Defining the Health Model (Health Rollup)  261

    Design Best Practices  262

    Design Worst Practices (AKA Good Stuff NOT to Do)  262

Discovering Application Components  262

    Discovery Best Practices  264

    Discovery Worst Practices  264

Building Your Management Pack  264

    The Point-of-Sale Batch Processing Application  265

    Naming Conventions  265

    Classes and Relationships  267

    Service and Health Model in the POS Batch Processing Application  268

    Using the R2 Authoring Console to Create Object Classes and Relationships  269

    Creating the Object Classes and Relationships  270

    Object Discoveries  272

    Monitoring  277

    Product Knowledge  280

Modules: The Building Blocks of Workflows  280

    Data Source  281

    Condition Detection  281

    Write Action  281

    Probe Action  281

    Workflow Summary  282

Advanced Authoring: Creating a Custom  Workflow  283

Step-by-Step: Creating a Custom Workflow with Cook Down  284

    Create the Custom Data Source  285

    Create the Monitor Type  286

    Create the Custom Unit Monitor  289

    Create the Performance Collection Rule  290

    Create a Performance View  292

    Verifying Cook Down  296

    Troubleshooting Cook Down  298

Reports  303

Tips for a Successful MP Authoring Experience  305

Summary  305

Chapter 9    Unleashing Operations Manager 2007  307

Distributed Environments  307

    Explaining Distributed Environments  307

    Distributing Management Servers and Gateways  309

    Agent Deployment and Management  314

    Remote Operations  317

High Availability  320

    Clustering the OpsMgr Components  321

    Root Management Server High Availability  323

    Advanced Cluster Configurations  325

    Clustering Alternatives  326

Business Continuity  327

    Backup and Recovery  328

    SQL Log Shipping and Database Mirroring  332

Visio Add-In for OpsMgr 2007  332

Beyond the Basics of ACS  338

    ACS in OpsMgr 2007 R2  338

    ACS Noise Filtering  340

    ACS Access Hardening  341

    Auditing SQL Server 2008  344

    Auditing Cross Platform  347

    Secure Site Log Replay  348

    Community Resources  349

Network Monitoring Using Distributed Applications  350

    Monitoring Redundant LAN Links  350

    Using the Distributed Application Designer  351

Targeting  356

    Objects in OpsMgr 2007  356

    What You Can Target  358

    Using Management Pack Templates  366

    Using the Authoring Console to Create a Target  371

Summary  389

Appendix A    OpsMgr R2 by Example  391

Active Directory MP  391

    How to Install the Active Directory MP  391

    Tuning/Alerts to Look for in the Active Directory MP  394

    Active Directory Management Pack Evolution  407

Exchange 2007 MP  407

    How to Install the Exchange 2007 MP  408

    Exchange MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  409

SQL Server MP  410

    How to Install the SQL Server MP  410

    SQL MP Optional Configuration  411

    SQL MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  411

    SQL Server Management Pack Evolution  415

Windows Server MP  416

    How to Install the Windows Server MP  416

    Windows Server MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  417

    Windows Server Management Pack Evolution  420

Operations Manager MP  420

    How to Install the Operations Manager MP  420

    Operations Manager MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  420

DNS MP  427

    How to Install the DNS MP  427

    DNS MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  428

    DNS Management Pack Evolution  433

Group Policy MP  433

    How to Install the Group Policy MP  433

    Group Policy MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  434

    Group Policy Management Pack Evolution  436

DHCP MP  436

    How to Install the DHCP MP  436

    DHCP MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  437

    DHCP Management Pack Evolution  439

Print Server MP  439

    How to Install the Windows Print Server MP  439

    Windows Print Server MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  440

    Print Server Management Pack Evolution  440

SharePoint MP  441

    How to Install the SharePoint MP  441

    SharePoint MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  441

Configuration Manager MP  443

    How to Install the Configuration Manager MP  443

    How to Configure the Configuration Manager MP  444

    Configuration Management MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  447

TMG MP  447

    How to Install the TMG MP  447

    How to Configure the TMG MP  448

    TMG MP Tuning/Alerts to Look for  453

Appendix B    Reference URLs  455

General Resources  455

Microsoft’s OpsMgr Resources  464

Blogs  467

OpsMgr Shell  469

PowerShell Information  470

Cross Platform  471

Connectors  471

The System Center Family  472

Public Forums  473

Appendix C    Available Online  475

SQL Server Resources  475

Authoring Resources  476

ACS Resources  476

Reference URLs  477

Index  479


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