Home > Store

Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale

eBook (Watermarked)

  • Your Price: $93.49
  • List Price: $109.99
  • About Watermarked eBooks
  • This PDF will be accessible from your Account page after purchase and requires PDF reading software, such as Acrobat® Reader®.

    The eBook requires no passwords or activation to read. We customize your eBook by discreetly watermarking it with your name, making it uniquely yours.

    Watermarked eBook FAQ



  • Ease of use: designed from the ground up by an award-winning professor to make thermodynamics easier to teach and learn
  • Flexibility: while many problems require mathematical software, instructors can use any software package they prefer
  • Course-tested: draws on the author's experience teaching more than 1000 thermodynamics students at Penn State
  • Rich with examples: offers imagery that helps students conceptualize the equations, and illuminates the topics with relevant examples from within and beyond the chemical engineering discipline


  • Copyright 2013
  • Dimensions: 8" x 10"
  • Pages: 720
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-269306-2
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-269306-6
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-269316-X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-269316-5

The Clear, Well-Organized Introduction to Thermodynamics Theory and Calculations for All Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Students

This text is designed to make thermodynamics far easier for undergraduate chemical engineering students to learn, and to help them perform thermodynamic calculations with confidence. Drawing on his award-winning courses at Penn State, Dr. Themis Matsoukas focuses on “why” as well as “how.” He offers extensive imagery to help students conceptualize the equations, illuminating thermodynamics with more than 100 figures, as well as 190 examples from within and beyond chemical engineering.

Part I clearly introduces the laws of thermodynamics with applications to pure fluids. Part II extends thermodynamics to mixtures, emphasizing phase and chemical equilibrium. Throughout, Matsoukas focuses on topics that link tightly to other key areas of undergraduate chemical engineering, including separations, reactions, and capstone design. More than 300 end-of-chapter problems range from basic calculations to realistic environmental applications; these can be solved with any leading mathematical software.

Coverage includes

• Pure fluids, PVT behavior, and basic calculations of enthalpy and entropy

• Fundamental relationships and the calculation of properties from equations of state

• Thermodynamic analysis of chemical processes

• Phase diagrams of binary and simple ternary systems

• Thermodynamics of mixtures using equations of state

• Ideal and nonideal solutions

• Partial miscibility, solubility of gases and solids, osmotic processes

• Reaction equilibrium with applications to single and multiphase reactions

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Scope and Language of Thermodynamics

Sample Pages

Download the sample pages (includes Chapter 1 and Index)

Table of Contents

 Preface         xiii

Acknowledgments         xvii

About the Author         xix

Nomenclature         xxi

Part I: Pure Fluids         1

Chapter 1: Scope and Language of Thermodynamics         3

1.1 Molecular Basis of Thermodynamics   5

1.2 Statistical versus Classical Thermodynamics   11

1.3 Definitions   13

1.4 Units   22

1.5 Summary   26

1.6 Problems   26

Chapter 2: Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids         29

2.1   The PVT Behavior of Pure Fluid   29

2.2   Tabulation of Properties   40

2.3   Compressibility Factor and the ZP Graph   43

2.4   Corresponding States   45

2.5   Virial Equation   53

2.6   Cubic Equations of State   57

2.7   PVT Behavior of Cubic Equations of State   61

2.8   Working with Cubic Equations   64

2.9   Other Equations of State   67

2.10 Thermal Expansion and Isothermal Compression   71

2.11 Empirical Equations for Density   72

2.12 Summary   77

2.13 Problems   78

Chapter 3: Energy and the First Law         87

3.1   Energy and Mechanical Work   88

3.2   Shaft Work and PV Work   90

3.3   Internal Energy and Heat   96

3.4   First Law for a Closed System   98

3.5   Elementary Paths   101

3.6   Sensible Heat–Heat Capacities   109

3.7   Heat of Vaporization   119

3.8   Ideal-Gas State   124

3.9   Energy Balances and Irreversible Processes   133

3.10 Summary   139

3.11 Problems   140

Chapter 4: Entropy and the Second Law         149

4.1   The Second Law in a Closed System   150

4.2   Calculation of Entropy   153

4.3   Energy Balances Using Entropy   163

4.4   Entropy Generation   167

4.5   Carnot Cycle   168

4.6   Alternative Statements of the Second Law   177

4.7   Ideal and Lost Work   183

4.8   Ambient Surroundings as a Default Bath–Exergy   189

4.9   Equilibrium and Stability   191

4.10 Molecular View of Entropy   195

4.11 Summary   199

4.12 Problems   201

Chapter 5: Calculation of Properties         205

5.1   Calculus of Thermodynamics   205

5.2   Integration of Differentials   213

5.3   Fundamental Relationships   214

5.4   Equations for Enthalpy and Entropy   217

5.5   Ideal-Gas State   219

5.6   Incompressible Phases   220

5.7   Residual Properties   222

5.8   Pressure-Explicit Relations   228

5.9   Application to Cubic Equations   230

5.10 Generalized Correlations   235

5.11 Reference States   236

5.12 Thermodynamic Charts   242

5.13 Summary   245

5.14 Problems   246

Chapter 6: Balances in Open Systems         251

6.1 Flow Streams   252

6.2 Mass Balance   253

6.3 Energy Balance in Open System   255

6.4 Entropy Balance   258

6.5 Ideal and Lost Work 266

6.6 Thermodynamics of Steady-State Processes   272

6.7 Power Generation   295

6.8 Refrigeration   301

6.9 Liquefaction   309

6.10 Unsteady-State Balances   315

6.11 Summary   323

6.12 Problems   324

Chapter 7: VLE of Pure Fluid         337

7.1 Two-Phase Systems   337

7.2 Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium   340

7.3 Fugacity   343

7.4 Calculation of Fugacity   345

7.5 Saturation Pressure from Equations of State   353

7.6 Phase Diagrams from Equations of State   356

7.7 Summary   358

7.8 Problems   360

Part II: Mixtures         367

Chapter 8: Phase Behavior of Mixtures   369

8.1 The Txy Graph  370

8.2 The Pxy Graph   373

8.3 Azeotropes   380

8.4 The xy Graph   381

8.5 VLE at Elevated Pressures and Temperatures   383

8.6 Partially Miscible Liquids   384

8.7 Ternary Systems   390

8.8 Summary   393

8.9 Problems   394

Chapter 9: Properties of Mixtures         401

9.1 Composition   402

9.2 Mathematical Treatment of Mixtures   404

9.3 Properties of Mixing   409

9.4 Mixing and Separation   411

9.5 Mixtures in the Ideal-Gas State   413

9.6 Equations of State for Mixtures   419

9.7 Mixture Properties from Equations of State   421

9.8 Summary   428

9.9 Problems   428

Chapter 10: Theory of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium         435

10.1 Gibbs Free Energy of Mixture   435

10.2 Chemical Potential   439

10.3 Fugacity in a Mixture   443

10.4 Fugacity from Equations of State   446

10.5 VLE of Mixture Using Equations of State   448

10.6 Summary   453

10.7 Problems   454

Chapter 11: Ideal Solution         461

11.1 Ideality in Solution   461

11.2 Fugacity in Ideal Solution   464

11.3 VLE in Ideal Solution—Raoult’s Law   466

11.4 Energy Balances   475

11.5 Noncondensable Gases   480

11.6 Summary   484

11.7 Problems   484

Chapter 12: Nonideal Solutions         489

12.1 Excess Properties   489

12.2 Heat Effects of Mixing   496

12.3 Activity Coefficient   504

12.4 Activity Coefficient and Phase Equilibrium   507

12.5 Data Reduction: Fitting Experimental Activity Coefficients   512

12.6 Models for the Activity Coefficient   515

12.7 Summary   531

12.8 Problems   533

Chapter 13: Miscibility, Solubility, and Other Phase Equilibria           545

13.1 Equilibrium between Partially Miscible Liquids   545

13.2 Gibbs Free Energy and Phase Splitting   548

13.3 Liquid Miscibility and Temperature   556

13.4 Completely Immiscible Liquids   558

13.5 Solubility of Gases in Liquids   563

13.6 Solubility of Solids in Liquids   575

13.7 Osmotic Equilibrium   580

13.8 Summary   586

13.9 Problems   586

Chapter 14: Reactions              593

14.1 Stoichiometry   593

14.2 Standard Enthalpy of Reaction   596

14.3 Energy Balances in Reacting Systems   601

14.4 Activity   606

14.5 Equilibrium Constant   614

14.6 Composition at Equilibrium   622

14.7 Reaction and Phase Equilibrium   624

14.8 Reaction Equilibrium Involving Solids   629

14.9 Multiple Reactions   632

14.10 Summary   636

14.11 Problems   637

Bibliography         647

Appendix A: Critical Properties of Selected Compounds         649

Appendix B: Ideal-Gas Heat Capacities         653

Appendix C: Standard Enthalpy and Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction         655

Appendix D: UNIFAC Tables         659

Appendix E: Steam Tables         663

Index         677

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020