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ZigBee Wireless Sensor and Control Network

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ZigBee Wireless Sensor and Control Network

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  • Copyright 2010
  • Pages: 288
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-265057-6
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-265057-1

The First Practical Guide to Advanced Wireless Development with ZigBee Technologies

Supported by more than a hundred companies, the new ZigBee standard enables powerful new wireless applications for safety, security, and control, ranging from smart energy to home automation and medical care to advanced remote control. ZigBee Wireless Sensor and Control Network brings together all the knowledge professionals need to start building effective ZigBee solutions.

The only simple, concise guide to ZigBee architecture, concepts, networking, and applications, this book thoroughly explains the entire ZigBee protocol stack and covers issues ranging from routing to security. It also presents detailed, practical coverage of ZigBee features for home automation, smart energy networking, and consumer electronics.

Topics include

•  Fundamental wireless concepts: OSI Model, error detection, the ISM Band, modulation, WLAN, FHSS, DSSS, Wireless MANs, Bluetooth, and more

•  ZigBee essentials: applications, characteristics, device types, topologies, protocol architecture, and expanded ZigBee PRO features

•  Physical layer: includes frequency bands, data rate, channels, data/management services, transmitter power, and receiver sensitivity

•  MAC layer: data/management services, MAC layer information base, access methods, and frames

•  Network layer: data entities, NIB, device configuration, starting network, addressing, discovery, channel scanning, and more

•  Application support sublayer and application layer: includes profiles, cluster format, attributes, device discovery, and binding

•  ZigBee network security: includes encryption, trust center, security modes, and security management primitives

•  Address assignment and routing techniques

•  Alternative technologies: 6lowpan, WirelessHART, and Z-wave

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Preface     xiii

CHAPTER 1    Introduction to Wireless Networks     1

Introduction     1

1.1  The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model     3

1.2  IEEE 802 Standard Committee     5

1.3  Wireless Technologies     6

1.4  Antenna     8

1.5  Error-Detection Methods     9

1.6  ISM and U-NII Bands     13

1.7  Modulation     13

1.8  Wireless Local-Area Network (WLAN)     17

1.9  Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS)     20

1.10  Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)     20

1.11  Wireless MAN     21

1.12  Bluetooth     25

Summary     28

References     30

CHAPTER 2    ZigBee Wireless Sensor and Control Network     31

Introduction     31

2.1  ZigBee Network Characteristics     33

2.2  ZigBee Device Types     34

2.3  ZigBee Topologies     35

2.4  End Device (Node) Addressing     39

2.5  Depth of a Network, Number of Children, and Network Address Allocation     40

2.6  ZigBee Protocol Architecture     40

2.7  ZigBee and ZigBee PRO Feature Sets     43

Summary     46

References     47

CHAPTER 3    IEEE 802.15.4 Physical Layer     49

Introduction     49

3.1  Frequency Band, Data Rate, and Channel Numbering     50

3.2  Physical Layer Services    52

3.3  Transmitter Power and Receiver Sensitivity    57

3.4  Physical Layer Information Base (PIB)     60

3.5  Physical Layer Transmission    61

Summary    68

References     69

CHAPTER 4    IEEE 802.15.4 Media Access Control (MAC) Layer     71

Introduction    71

4.1  MAC Layer Services    71

4.2  MAC Layer Information Base (MIB)     75

4.3  MAC Management Services     77

4.4  Scanning Channels     83

4.5  Access Method     84

4.6  Data Transfer Model 88

4.7  MAC Frame Format     90

4.8  Association Request    94

4.9  Disassociation Notification Command     96

4.10  Orphan Notification    96

4.11  Beacon Request    97

4.12  Coordinator Realignment Command 97   

Summary    98

References     98

CHAPTER 5    Network Layer    99

Introduction     99

5.1  Network Layer Data Entity (NLDE) Services     100

5.2  Network Information Base (NIB)     102

5.3  Network Layer Management Entity (NLME)     105

5.4  Network Formation     108

5.5  Joining a Network     110

5.6  Network Layer Frame Format     112

5.7  Neighbor Table     114

5.8  Network Command Frame Format     114

Summary     116

References     117

CHAPTER 6    ZigBee Application Support Sublayer (APS)     119

Introduction    119

6.1  Application Support Data Entity (APSDE)     119

6.2  Application Support Sublayer Management Entity (ASME)     122

6.3  Application Support Sublayer Information Base (AIB)     123

6.4  Persistent Data     124

6.5  Application Support Sublayer Frame Format     125

6.6  APS Command Frame Format     127

Summary     128

References     128

CHAPTER 7    Application Layer    129

Introduction    129

7.1  Application Object (Endpoint)     129

7.2  Attribute, Cluster, Cluster Library, and Profile    130

7.3  Cluster     132

7.4  General Cluster Commands    134

7.5  Attribute Reporting     135

7.6  ZigBee Cluster Libraries    137

7.7  ZigBee Device Object (ZDO)     140

7.8  ZigBee Device Profile (ZDP)     140

7.9  Device Discovery    143

7.10  Binding     146

7.11  Network Management Commands     150

7.12  ZigBee Coordinator Startup    151

Summary     151

References    153

CHAPTER 8    ZigBee Security     155

Introduction     155

8.1  Elements of Network Security    155

8.2  Introduction to Cryptography    156

8.3  ZigBee Security     160

8.4  ZigBee Security Modes    161

8.5  Security Management Primitives     164

8.6  Counter (CTR) Mode Encryption     165

8.7  Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) Mode Encryption     166

8.8  Network Layer Security     166

8.9  Application Support SubLayer Security     168

Summary     174

References     175

CHAPTER 9    Address Assignment and Routing     177

Introduction     177

9.1  Address Assignment Using Distributed Scheme     177

9.2  Stochastic Address Assignment    179

9.3  Routing    179

9.4  Dynamic Source Routing (DSR)     182

9.5  ZigBee Routing    183

9.6  ZigBee Routing Commands     187

Summary     191

References    191

CHAPTER 10    ZigBee Home Automation and Smart Energy Network    193

10.1  Home Automation Profile     193

10.2  Smart Energy Network    197

10.3  ZigBee Stack Profile for Smart Energy (SE) Profile     200

10.4  Smart Energy Cluster     203

10.5  Smart Energy Device     203

Summary     204

References     205

CHAPTER 11    ZigBee RF4CE     207

Introduction     207

11.1  RF4CE Nodes and Topology    208

11.2  RF4CE Protocol Architecture     209

11.3  Network Layer Data Services    210

11.4  Network Layer Management Services    211

11.5  Network Layer Information Base (NIB)     212

11.6  Discovery Process    213

11.7  Pairing Process     214

Summary    216

References     217

APPENDIX A   6lowpan     219

Introduction     219

A.1  IPv6 Structure    220

A.2  User Datagram Protocol (UDP)     222

A.3  IEEE 802.15.4 MAC and Physical Layer Frame Format     222

A.4  64-Bit Global Identifier    223

A.5  Adaptation Layer     223

A.6  Fragmented IPv6 Payload    228

APPENDIX B   Wireless HART     229

Introduction    229

B.1  Wireless HART Physical Layer     230

B.2  Wireless HART Data Link Layer     230

B.3  Wireless HART Network Layer    231

B.4  Wireless HART Network Components     231

B.5  Network Formation     232

B.6  Security     233

B.7  Wireless HART Data Transfer Mode     233

APPENDIX C   Z-Wave    235

Introduction    235

C.1  Z-Wave Protocol Architecture     235

C.2  RF Media     236

C.3  MAC Layer     236

APPENDIX D   Abbreviations    237

Bibliography     241

Index     245



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