Home > Store

TCP/IP Illustrated, Volume 2: The Implementation

TCP/IP Illustrated, Volume 2: The Implementation

eBook (Watermarked)

  • Your Price: $54.39
  • List Price: $67.99
  • Includes EPUB, MOBI, and PDF
  • About eBook Formats
  • This eBook includes the following formats, accessible from your Account page after purchase:

    ePub EPUB The open industry format known for its reflowable content and usability on supported mobile devices.

    MOBI MOBI The eBook format compatible with the Amazon Kindle and Amazon Kindle applications.

    Adobe Reader PDF The popular standard, used most often with the free Adobe® Reader® software.

    This eBook requires no passwords or activation to read. We customize your eBook by discreetly watermarking it with your name, making it uniquely yours.

Also available in other formats.

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

Description

  • Copyright 1995
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-265149-1
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-265149-3

TCP/IP Illustrated, an ongoing series covering the many facets of TCP/IP, brings a highly-effective visual approach to learning about this networking protocol suite.

 

TCP/IP Illustrated, Volume 2 contains a thorough explanation of how TCP/IP protocols are implemented. There isn't a more practical or up-to-date bookothis volume is the only one to cover the de facto standard implementation from the 4.4BSD-Lite release, the foundation for TCP/IP implementations run daily on hundreds of thousands of systems worldwide.

 

Combining 500 illustrations with 15,000 lines of real, working code, TCP/IP Illustrated, Volume 2 uses a teach-by-example approach to help you master TCP/IP implementation. You will learn about such topics as the relationship between the sockets API and the protocol suite, and the differences between a host implementation and a router. In addition, the book covers the newest features of the 4.4BSD-Lite release, including multicasting, long fat pipe support, window scale, timestamp options, and protection against wrapped sequence numbers, and many other topics.

 

Comprehensive in scope, based on a working standard, and thoroughly illustrated, this book is an indispensable resource for anyone working with TCP/IP.

Sample Content

Table of Contents

(All chapters conclude with a Summary.)

1. Introduction.

Introduction.

Source Code Presentation.

History.

Application Programming Interfaces.

Example Program.

System Calls and Library Functions.

Network Implementation Overview.

Descriptors.

Mbufs (Memory Buffers) and Output Processing.

Input Processing.

Network Implementation Overview Revisited.

Interrupt Levels and Concurrency.

Source Code Organization.

Test Network.



2. Mbufs.

Memory Buffers: Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Mbuf Definitions.

mbuf Structure.

Simple Mbuf Macros and Functions.

m_devget and m_pullup Functions.

Summary of Mbuf Macros and Functions.

Summary of Net/3 Networking Data Structures.

m_copy and Cluster Reference Counts.

Alternatives.



3. Interface Layer.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

ifnet Structure.

ifaddr Structure.

sockaddr Structure.

ifnet and ifaddr Specialization.

Network Initialization Overview.

Ethernet Initialization.

SLIP Initialization.

Loopback Initialization.

if_attach Function.

ifinit Function.



4. Interfaces.

Ethernet: Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Ethernet Interface.

ioctl System Call.



5. Interfaces.

SLIP and Loopback: Introduction.

Code Introduction.

SLIP Interface.

Loopback Interface.



6. IP Addressing.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Interface and Address Summary.

sockaddr_in Structure.

in_ifaddr Structure.

Address Assignment.

Interface ioctl Processing.

Internet Utility Functions.

ifnet Utility Functions.



7. Domains and Protocols.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

domain Structure.

protosw Structure.

IP domain and protosw Structures.

pffindproto and pffindtype Functions.

pfctlinput Function.

IP Initialization.

sysctl System Call.



8. IP: Internet Protocol.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

IP Packets.

Input Processing: ipintr Function.

Forwarding: ip_forward Function.

Output Processing: ip_output Function.

Internet Checksum: in_cksum Function.

setsockopt and getsockopt System Calls.

ip_sysctl Function.



9. IP Option Processing.

Introduction.

Option Format.

ip_dooptions Function.

Record Route Option.

Source and Record Route Options.

Timestamp Option.

ip_insertoptions Function.

ip_pcbopts Function.

Limitations.



10. IP Fragmentation and Reassembly.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Fragmentation.

ip_optcopy Function.

Reassembly.

ip_reass Function.

ip_slowtimo Function.



11. ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

icmp Structure.

ICMP protosw Structure.

Input Processing: icmp_input Function.

Error Processing.

Request Processing.

Redirect Processing.

Reply Processing.

Output Processing.

icmp_error Function.

icmp_reflect Function.

icmp_send Function.

icmp_sysctl Function.



12. IP Multicasting.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Ethernet Multicast Addresses.

ether_multi Structure.

Ethernet Multicast Reception.

in_multi Structure.

ip_moptions Structure.

Multicast Socket Options.

Multicast TTL Values.

ip_setmoptions Function.

Joining an IP Multicast Group.

Leaving an IP Multicast Group.

ip_getmoptions Function.

Multicast Input Processing: ipintr Function.

Multicast Output Processing: ip_output Function.

Performance Considerations.



13. IGMP: Internet Group Management Protocol.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

igmp Structure.

IGMP protosw Structure.

Joining a Group: igmp_joingroup Function.

igmp_fasttimo Function.

Input Processing: igmp_input Function.

Leaving a Group: igmp_leavegroup Function.



14. IP Multicast Routing.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Multicast Output Processing Revisited.

ip_mrouted Daemon.

Virtual Interfaces.

IGMP Revisited.

Multicast Routing.

Multicast Forwarding: ip_mforward Function.

Cleanup: ip_mrouter_done Function.



15. Socket Layer.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

socket Structure.

System Calls.

Processes, Descriptors, and Sockets.

socket System Call.

getsock and sockargs Functions.

bind System Call.

listen System Call.

tsleep and wakeup Functions.

accept System Call.

sonewconn and soisconnected Functions.

connect System call.

shutdown System Call.

close System Call.



16. Socket I/O.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Socket Buffers.

write, writev, sendto, and sendmsg System Calls.

sendmsg System Call.

sendit Function.

sosend Function.

read, readv, recvfrom, and recvmsg System Calls.

recvmsg System Call.

recvit Function.

soreceive Function.

soreceive Code.

select System Call.



17. Socket Options.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

setsockopt System Call.

getsockopt System Call.

fcntl and ioctl System Calls.

getsockname System Call.

getpeername System Call.



18. Radix Tree Routing Tables.

Introduction.

Routing Table Structure.

Routing Sockets.

Code Introduction.

Radix Node Data Structures.

Routing Structures.

Initialization: route_init and rtable_init Functions.

Initialization: rn_init and rn_inithead Functions.

Duplicate Keys and Mask Lists.

rn_match Function.

rn_search Function.



19. Routing Requests and Routing Messages.

Introduction.

rtalloc and rtalloc1 Functions.

RTFREE Macro and rtfree Function.

rtrequest Function.

rt_setgate Function.

rtinit Function.

rtredirect Function.

Routing Message Structures.

rt_missmsg Function.

rt_ifmsg Function.

rt_newaddrmsg Function.

rt_msg1 Function.

rt_msg2 Function.

sysctl_rtable Function.

sysctl_dumpentry Function.

sysctl_iflist Function.



20. Routing Sockets

Introduction.

routedomain and protosw Structures.

Routing Control Blocks.

raw_init Function.

route_output Function.

rt_xaddrs Function.

rt_setmetrics Function.

raw_input Function.

route_usrreq Function.

raw_usrreq Function.

raw_attach, raw_detach, and raw_disconnect Functions.



21. ARP: Address Resolution Protocol.

Introduction.

ARP and the Routing Table.

Code Introduction.

ARP Structures.

arpwhohas Function.

arprequest Function.

arpintr Function.

in_arpinput Function.

ARP Timer Functions.

arpresolve Function.

arplookup Function.

Proxy ARP.

arp_rtrequest Function.

ARP and Multicasting.



22. Protocol Control Blocks.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

inpcb Structure.

in_pcballoc and in_pcbdetach Functions.

Binding, Connecting, and Demultiplexing.

in_pcblookup Function.

in_pcbbind Function.

in_pcbconnect Function.

in_pcbdisconnect Function.

in_setsockaddr and in_setpeeraddr Functions.

in_pcbnotify, in_rtchange, and in_losing Functions.

Implementation Refinements.



23. UDP: User Datagram Protocol.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

UDP protosw Structure.

UDP Header.

udp_init Function.

udp_output Function.

udp_input Function.

udp_saveopt Function.

udp_ctlinput Function.

udp_usrreq Function.

udp_sysctl Function.

Implementation Refinements.



24. TCP: Transmission Control Protocol.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

TCP protosw Structure.

TCP Header.

TCP Control Block.

TCP State Transition Diagram.

TCP Sequence Numbers.

tcp_init Function.



25. TCP Timers.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

tcp_canceltimers Function.

tcp_fasttimo Function.

tcp_slowtimo Function.

tcp_timers Function.

Retransmission Timer Calculations.

tcp_newtcpcb Function.

tcp_setpersist Function.

tcp_xmit_timer Function.

Retransmission Timeout: tcp_timers Function.

An RTT Example.



26. TCP Output.

Introduction.

tcp_output Overview.

Determine if a Segment Should be Sent.

TCP Options.

Window Scale Option.

Timestamp Option.

Send a Segment.

tcp_template Function.

tcp_respond Function.



27. TCP Functions.

Introduction.

tcp_drain Function.

tcp_drop Function.

tcp_close Function.

tcp_mss Function.

tcp_ctlinput Function.

tcp_notify Function.

tcp_quench Function.

TCP_REASS Macro and tcp_reass Function.

tcp_trace Function.



28. TCP Input.

Introduction.

Preliminary Processing.

tcp_dooptions Function.

Header Prediction.

TCP Input: Slow Path Processing.

Completion of Passive Open or Active Open.

PAWS: Protection Against Wrapped Sequence Numbers.

Trim Segment so Data is Within Window.

Self-Connects and Simultaneous Opens.

Record Timestamp.

RST Processing.



29. TCP Input (Continued).

Introduction.

ACK Processing Overview.

Completion of Passive Opens and Simultaneous Opens.

Fast Retransmit and Fast Recovery Algorithms.

ACK Processing.

Update Window Information.

Urgent Mode Processing.

tcp_pulloutofband Function.

Processing of Received Data.

FIN Processing.

Final Processing.

Implementation Refinements.

Header Compression.



30. TCP User Requests.

Introduction.

tcp_usrreq Function.

tcp_attach Function.

tcp_disconnect Function.

tcp_usrclosed Function.

tcp_ctloutput Function.



31. BPF: BSD Packet Filter.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

bpf_if Structure.

bpf_d Structure.

BPF Input.

BPF Output.



32. Raw IP.

Introduction.

Code Introduction.

Raw IP protosw Structure.

rip_init Function.

rip_input Function.

rip_output Function.

rip_usrreq Function.

rip_ctloutput Function.



Epilogue.


Appendix A. Solutions to Selected Exercises.


Appendix B. Source Code Availability.


Appendix C. RFC 1122 Compliance.

Link-Layer Requirements.

IP Requirements.

IP Options Requirements.

IP Fragmentation and Reassembly Requirements.

ICMP Requirements.

Multicasting Requirements.

IGMP Requirements.

Routing Requirements.

ARP Requirements.

UDP Requirements.

TCP Requirements.



Bibliography.


Index. 020163354XT04062001

Updates

Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.

Overview


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information


To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.

Surveys

Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.

Newsletters

If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information


Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.

Security


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.

Children


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.

Marketing


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information


If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.

Choice/Opt-out


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information


Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents


California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure


Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.

Links


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact


Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice


We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020