Home > Store

Modern Cryptography: Theory and Practice

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

Modern Cryptography: Theory and Practice

  • By
  • Published Jul 25, 2003 by Pearson.


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale



  • Realistic guidance on building “fit for application” cryptographic systems—Shows students why conventional cryptographic implementations are often inadequate, and how to build systems that are far more secure.
    • Helps students go beyond theory to build next-generation cryptographic systems that overcome the limitations of current technologies.

  • Sophisticated formal methods—Introduces advanced formal methods for demonstrating the security of cryptographic systems and protocols.
    • Helps students design cryptographic systems that are demonstrably secure.

  • Assessments of key cryptographic standards—Compares and evaluates contemporary encryption protocols and standards, including IPSec, IKE, SSH, SSL, TLS, and Kerberos.
    • Helps students understand how todays leading encryption protocols and standards were designed, and recognize their vulnerabilities.

  • Essential mathematics for advanced cryptography—Presents all the math students will need, including probability and information theory, computational complexity, and algebraic foundations.
    • Enables students to master advanced cryptographic design and development, even if they come to the course without a thorough grounding in the mathematics.

  • Extensive practical examples—Presents realistic implementation examples for a wide range of cryptographic systems.
    • Helps students more clearly understand how cryptographic theory can be translated into real-world implementation.

  • By one of the fields leading experts—By Wenbo Mao, leader of Hewlett-Packards contributions to the European Unions Secure Electronic Commerce Transactions (CASENET), a research project.
    • Gives students confidence that they are receiving state-of-the-art information that is thorough, accurate, clear, and useful.


  • Copyright 2004
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-066943-1
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-066943-8

Leading HP security expert Wenbo Mao explains why "textbook" crypto schemes, protocols, and systems are profoundly vulnerable by revealing real-world-scenario attacks. Next, he shows how to realize cryptographic systems and protocols that are truly "fit for application"--and formally demonstrates their fitness. Mao presents practical examples throughout and provides all the mathematical background you'll need.

Coverage includes:

  • Crypto foundations: probability, information theory, computational complexity, number theory, algebraic techniques, and more
  • Authentication: basic techniques and principles vs. misconceptions and consequential attacks
  • Evaluating real-world protocol standards including IPSec, IKE, SSH, TLS (SSL), and Kerberos
  • Designing stronger counterparts to vulnerable "textbook" crypto schemes

Mao introduces formal and reductionist methodologies to prove the "fit-for-application" security of practical encryption, signature, signcryption, and authentication schemes. He gives detailed explanations for zero-knowledge protocols: definition, zero-knowledge properties, equatability vs. simulatability, argument vs. proof, round-efficiency, and non-interactive versions.


Related Article

Are You Still Using RSH?

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Cryptography: Beginning with a Simple Communication Game

Downloadable Sample Chapter

Untitled Document

Download the Sample Chapter related to this title.

Table of Contents

A Short Description of the Book.


List of Figures.

List of Algorithms, Protocols and Attacks.


1. Beginning with a Simple Communication Game.

A Communication Game. Criteria for Desirable Cryptographic Systems and Protocols. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

2. Wrestling between Safeguard and Attack.

Introduction. Encryption. Vulnerable Environment (the Dolev-Yao Threat Model). Authentication Servers. Security Properties for Authenticated Key Establishment. Protocols for Authenticated Key Establishment Using Encryption. Chapter Summary. Exercises.


Standard Notation.
3. Probability and Information Theory.

Introduction. Basic Concept of Probability. Properties. Basic Calculation. Random Variables and their Probability Distributions. Birthday Paradox. Information Theory. Redundancy in Natural Languages. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

4. Computational Complexity.

Introduction. Turing Machines. Deterministic Polynomial Time. Probabilistic Polynomial Time. Non-deterministic Polynomial Time. Non-Polynomial Bounds. Polynomial-time Indistinguishability. Theory of Computational Complexity and Modern Cryptography. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

5. Algebraic Foundations.

Introduction. Groups. Rings and Fields. The Structure of Finite Fields. Group Constructed Using Points on an Elliptic Curve. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

6. Number Theory.

Introduction. Congruences and Residue Classes. Euler's Phi Function. The Theorems of Fermat, Euler and Lagrange. Quadratic Residues. Square Roots Modulo Integer. Blum Integers. Chapter Summary. Exercises.


7. Encryption—Symmetric Techniques.

Introduction. Definition. Substitution Ciphers. Transposition Ciphers. Classical Ciphers: Usefulness and Security. The Data Encryption Standard (DES). The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). Confidentiality Modes of Operation. Key Channel Establishment for Symmetric Cryptosystems. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

8. Encryption—Asymmetric Techniques.

Introduction. Insecurity of “Textbook Encryption Algorithms”. The Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange Protocol. The Diffie-Hellman Problem and the Discrete Logarithm Problem. The RSA Cryptosystem (Textbook Version). Cryptanalysis Against Public-key Cryptosystems. The RSA Problem. The Integer Factorization Problem. Insecurity of the Textbook RSA Encryption. The Rabin Cryptosystem (Textbook Version). Insecurity of the Textbook Rabin Encryption. The ElGamal Cryptosystem (Textbook Version). Insecurity of the Textbook ElGamal Encryption. Need for Stronger Security Notions for Public-key Cryptosystems. Combination of Asymmetric and Symmetric Cryptography. Key Channel Establishment for Public-key Cryptosystems. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

9. In an Ideal World: Bit Security of the Basic Public-Key Cryptographic Functions.

Introduction. The RSA Bit. The Rabin Bit. The ElGamal Bit. The Discrete Logarithm Bit. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

10. Data Integrity Techniques.

Introduction. Definition. Symmetric Techniques. Asymmetric Techniques I:Digital Signatures. Asymmetric Techniques II: Data Integrity without Source Identification. Chapter Summary. Exercises.


11. Authentication Protocols—Principles.

Introduction. Authentication and Refined Notions. Convention. Basic Authentication Techniques. Password-based Authentication. Authenticated Key Exchange Based on Asymmetric Cryptography. Typical Attacks on Authentication Protocols. A Brief Literature Note. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

12. Authentication Protocols—The Real World.

Introduction. Authentication Protocols for Internet Security. The Secure Shell (SSH) Remote Login Protocol. The Kerberos Protocol and its Realization in Windows 2000. SSL and TLS. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

13. Authentication Framework for Public-Key Cryptography.

Introduction. Directory-Based Authentication Framework. Non-Directory Based Public-key Authentication Framework. Chapter Summary. Exercises.


14. Formal and Strong Security Definitions for Public-Key Cryptosystems.

Introduction. A Formal Treatment for Security. Semantic Security—the Debut of Provable Security. Inadequacy of Semantic Security. Beyond Semantic Security. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

15. Provably Secure and Efficient Public-Key Cryptosystems.
Introduction. The Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding. The Cramer-Shoup Public-key Cryptosystem. An Overview of Provably Secure Hybrid Cryptosystems. Literature Notes on Practical and Provably Secure Public-key Cryptosystems. Chapter Summary. Exercises.
16. Strong and Provable Security for Digital Signatures.

Introduction. Strong Security Notion for Digital Signatures. Strong and Provable Security for ElGamal-family Signatures. Fit-for-application Ways for Signing in RSA and Rabin. Signcryption. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

17. Formal Methods for Authentication Protocols Analysis.

Introduction. Toward Formal Specification of Authentication Protocols. A Computational View of Correct Protocols—the Bellare-Rogaway Model. A Symbolic Manipulation View of Correct Protocols. Formal Analysis Techniques: State System Exploration. Reconciling Two Views of Formal Techniques for Security. Chapter Summary. Exercises.


18. Zero-Knowledge Protocols.

Introduction. Basic Definitions. Zero-knowledge Properties. Proof or Argument? Protocols with Two-sided-error. Round Efficiency. Non-interactive Zero-knowledge. Chapter Summary. Exercises.

19. Returning To “Coin Flipping over Telephone”.

Blum's “Coin-Flipping-by-Telephone” Protocol. Security Analysis. Efficiency. Chapter Summary.


Bibliography. Subject Index.


Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020