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Internetworking Technologies Handbook, Fourth Edition, is a comprehensive reference that enables networking professionals to understand and implement contemporary internetworking technologies. Master the terms, concepts, technologies, and devices used in today's networking industry. Learn how to incorporate internetworking technologies into a LAN/WAN environment. Complete with new and updated chapters on security, storage, optical networking, scalability, and speed, this book is a complete and up-to-date reference to the topics that are essential to all networking professionals, regardless of expertise.
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Acknowledgments and Contributors.
I. INTRODUCTION TO INTERNETWORKING.1. Internetworking Basics.
What Is an Internetwork? Open System Interconnection Reference Model. Information Formats. ISO Hierarchy of Networks. Connection-Oriented and Connectionless Network Services. Internetwork Addressing. Flow Control Basics. Error-Checking Basics. Multiplexing Basics. Standards Organizations. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.2. Introduction to LAN Protocols.
What Is a LAN? LAN Protocols and the OSI Reference Model. LAN Media-Access Methods. LAN Transmission Methods. LAN Topologies. LAN Devices. Review Questions. For More Information.3. Introduction to WAN Technologies.
What Is a WAN? Point-to-Point Links. Circuit Switching. Packet Switching. WAN Virtual Circuits. WAN Dialup Services. WAN Devices. Review Questions. For More Information.4. Introduction to Cisco IOS Software.
System Architecture. Cisco IOS CLI. Debugging and Logging. Reloading and Upgrading. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.5. Bridging and Switching Basics.
What Are Bridges and Switches? Link Layer Device Overview. Types of Bridges. Types of Switches. Review Questions. For More Information.6. Routing Basics.
What Is Routing? Routing Components. Routing Algorithms. Network Protocols. Review Questions.7. Network Management Basics.
Introduction. What Is Network Management? Network Management Architecture. ISO Network Management Model. Review Questions.
II. LAN PROTOCOLS.8. Ethernet Technologies.
Background. Ethernet—A Brief History. Ethernet Network Elements. Ethernet Network Topologies and Structures. The IEEE 802.3 Logical Relationship to the ISO Reference Model. The Ethernet MAC Sublayer. The Ethernet Physical Layers. System Considerations. Summary. Review Questions.9. Fiber Distributed Data Interface.
Introduction. FDDI Transmission Media. FDDI Specifications. FDDI Station-Attachment Types. FDDI Fault Tolerance. FDDI Frame Format. Copper Distributed Data Interface. Summary. Review Questions.
III. WAN TECHNOLOGIES.10. Frame Relay.
Introduction. Frame Relay Devices. Frame Relay Virtual Circuits. Congestion-Control Mechanisms. Frame Relay Local Management Interface. Frame Relay Network Implementation. Frame Relay Frame Formats. Summary. Review Questions.11. High-Speed Serial Interface.
Introduction. HSSI Interface Basics. HSSI Operation. Summary. Review Questions.12. Integrated Services Digital Network.
Introduction. ISDN Devices. Services. ISDN Specifications. Summary. Review Questions.13. Point-to-Point Protocol.
Introduction. PPP Components. General Operation. Physical Layer Requirements. PPP Link Layer. PPP Link-Control Protocol. Summary. Review Questions.14. Switched Multimegabit Data Service.
Introduction. SMDS Network Components. SMDS Interface Protocol. Distributed Queue Dual Bus. SMDS Access Classes. SMDS Addressing Overview. SMDS Reference: SIP Level 3 PDU Format. SMDS Reference: SIP Level 2 Cell Format. Summary. Review Questions.15. Dialup Technology.
Introduction. A Short Dialup Technology Background. Dialup Connectivity Technology. Dialup Methods. Benefits and Drawbacks. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.16. Synchronous Data Link Control and Derivatives.
Introduction. SDLC Types and Topologies. SDLC Frame Format. Derivative Protocols. Summary. Review Questions.17. X.25
Introduction. X.25 Devices and Protocol Operation. The X.25 Protocol Suite. LAPB Frame Format. X121 Address Format. Summary. Review Questions.18. Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).
VPN Definition. VPN Applications. IPSec. Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP). MPLS VPNs. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.
IV. MULTISERVICE ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES.19. Voice/Data Integration Technologies.
Introduction. Advances in Applications. New World Voice Technologies. Voice Networking. Voice over ATM. Voice over Frame Relay. Voice over IP. Quality of Service for VoIP. General MGCP Overview. General SIP Tutorial. Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP). Comparison and Contrast of the Various VoIP Signaling Alternatives. Evolution of Solutions for Voice over Data. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information. Books.20. Wireless Technologies.
Wireless Concepts. Radio Fundamentals. NLOS Wireless: Overcoming Multipath Signals in NLOS High Speed. Spread Spectrum. Elements of a Total Network Solution. Wireless Local-Area Networks (WLANs). Summary. Review Questions. For More Information. Glossary Terms.21. Digital Subscriber Line.
Introduction. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line. Signaling and Modulation. Additional DSL Technologies. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.22. Cable Access Technologies.
Introduction. Evolution from One-Way Broadcast to Two-Way Hybrid Fiber Coax. Limitations and Specifications of the HFC Plant. DOCSIS Standards, Signaling Protocols, and Applications. DOCSIS Hardware Deployment and Resulting Service Capabilities. Future DOCSIS Applications. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.23. Introduction to Optical Technologies.
What Is Optical Networking? Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching. G.ASON. Optical Control Plane User Network Interface. Optical Control Plane Optical Network-to-Network Interface. Next-Generation Protection and Restoration. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.24. VoIP.
H.323 Network Devices. H.323 Protocol Suite. Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). Connecting VoIP Networks with the SS7 Network. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information. Glossary Terms.25. Dynamic Packet Transport/Spatial Reuse Protocol.
DPT Architecture. SRP Bandwidth Optimization. SRP Packet Priority. SRP Fairness Algorithm. DPT Resiliency. Topology Discovery. DPT/SRP Packet Formats. SRP Version 2 Generic Header. SRP Data Packet. SRP Control Packet. Multicast Support. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information. Glossary Terms.26. Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP).
The EAP Protocol. Using RADIUS for EAP Authentication. A Typical Authentication Conversation. PKI Support with EAP. EAP Implementations. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.
V. BRIDGING AND SWITCHING.27. Transparent Bridging.
Transparent Bridging Operation. Frame Format. Review Questions. For More Information.28. Mixed-Media Bridging.
Background. Translation Challenges. Translational Bridging. Source-Route Transparent Bridging. Review Questions. For More Information.29. Source-Route Bridging.
Background. SRB Algorithm. Frame Format. Review Questions. For More Information.30. LAN Switching and VLANs.
History. LAN Switch Operation. LAN Switch and the OSI Model. Review Questions. For More Information.31. Asynchronous Transfer Mode Switching.
Standards. ATM Devices and the Network Environment. ATM Cell Header Format. ATM Services. ATM Switching Operations. ATM Reference Model. ATM Addressing. ATM Connections. ATM and Multicasting. ATM Quality of Service. ATM Signaling and Connection Establishment. ATM Connection-Management Messages. PNNI. Integrated Local Management Interface. LAN Emulation. Multiprotocol over ATM. Review Questions. For More Information.32. MPLS.
MPLS Terminology. MPLS Operations. MPLS/Tag-Switching Architecture. Hierarchical Routing. MPLS-Based Virtual Private Networks. MPLS Quality of Service. MPLS Traffic Engineering. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.33. Data-Link Switching.
Background. DLSw Contrasted with Source-Route Bridging. DLSw SNA Support. DLSw Switch-to-Switch Protocol. DLSw Operation. DLSw Message Formats. Review Questions.
VI. NETWORK PROTOCOLS.34. Open System Interconnection Protocols.
Background. OSI Networking Protocols. Review Questions.35. Internet Protocols.
Background. Internet Protocol. Address Resolution Protocol Overview. Internet Routing. Internet Control Message Protocol. Transmission Control Protocol. User Datagram Protocol. Internet Protocols Application Layer Protocols. Summary. Review Questions.36. Ipv6.
Description of IPv6 Packet Header. Hexadecimal “Hex”. Addressing Description. Broadcasting Methods. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.37. NetWare Protocols.
Background. NetWare Media Access. Internetwork Packet Exchange Overview. IPX Encapsulation Types. Service Advertisement Protocol. NetWare Transport Layer. NetWare Upper-Layer Protocols and Services. IPX Packet Format. Summary. Review Questions.38. AppleTalk.
Introduction. AppleTalk Network Components. AppleTalk Physical and Data Link Layers. Network Addresses. AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol. Datagram Delivery Protocol Overview. AppleTalk Transport Layer. AppleTalk Upper-Layer Protocols. AppleTalk Protocol Suite. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.39. IBM Systems Network Architecture Protocols.
Background. Traditional SNA Environments. IBM Peer-Based Networking. Basic Information Unit Format. Path Information Unit Format. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.40. DECnet.
Introduction. DECnet Phase IV Digital Network Architecture. DECnet/OSI Digital Network Architecture. DECnet Media Access. DECnet Routing. DECnet End Communications Layer. DECnet/OSI Transport Layer. DECnet Phase IV Upper Layers. DECnet/OSI Upper Layers. Summary. Review Questions.
VII. ROUTING PROTOCOLS.41. Border Gateway Protocol.
Introduction. BGP Attributes. BGP Path Selection. Review Questions. For More Information.42. Enhanced IGRP.
Enhanced IGRP Capabilities and Attributes. Underlying Processes and Technologies. Routing Concepts. Enhanced IGRP Packet Types. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.43. IBM Systems Network Architecture Routing.
Background. IBM SNA Session Connectors. IBM SNA Transmission Groups. IBM SNA Explicit and Virtual Routes. IBM SNA Class of Service. IBM SNA Subarea Routing. IBM Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking Routing. Review Questions.44. Interior Gateway Routing Protocol.
Background. IGRP Protocol Characteristics. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.45. Internet Protocol Multicast.
Background. Multicast Group Concept. IP Multicast Addresses. Internet Group Management Protocol. Multicast in the Layer 2 Switching Environment. Multicast Distribution Trees. Multicast Forwarding. Protocol-Independent Multicast. Multiprotocol Border Gateway Protocol. Multicast Source Discovery Protocol. Review Questions. For More Information.46. NetWare Link-Services Protocol.
Background. NLSP Hierarchical Routing. NLSP Operation. NLSP Hierarchical Addressing. NLSP Hello Packets. Review Questions.47. Open Shortest Path First.
Background. Routing Hierarchy. SPF Algorithm. Packet Format. Additional OSPF Features. Review Questions.48. Open System Interconnection Routing Protocols.
OSI Networking Terminology. Overview of OSI Routing Operation. ES-IS. IS-IS. IS-IS LSP Processing. IDRP. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.49. Routing Information Protocol.
Background. Routing Updates. RIP Routing Metric. RIP Stability Features. RIP Timers. Packet Formats. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.50. Resource Reservation Protocol.
Background. RSVP Data Flows. RSVP Quality of Service. RSVP Session Startup. RSVP Reservation Style. RSVP Soft State Implementation. RSVP Operational Model. RSVP Messages. RSVP Packet Format. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.51. Simple Multicast Routing Protocol.
Introduction. SMRP Multicast Transport Services. SMRP Transaction Example. SMRP Packet Format. Review Questions.
VIII. NETWORK MANAGEMENT.52. Security Technologies.
Why Is Network Security Important? Security Threats. Security Policy. Defense-in-Depth Security Solution. Threat Mitigation. Security Tools. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information. Glossary Terms.53. Directory-Enabled Networking.
Object-Oriented Information Modeling. A Brief Introduction to Directories. An Overview of DEN. How DEN Is Used in Cisco Products. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.54. Network Caching Technologies.
Introduction. Network Caching. Ensuring Fresh Content. Summary. Review Questions.55. Storage Networking.
What Is a SAN? Fibre Channel Protocol. The iSCSI Protocol. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.56. IBM Network Management.
Background. IBM Network-Management Functional Areas. IBM Network-Management Architectures. IBM Network-Management Platforms. Review Questions.57. Remote Monitoring.
Background. RMON Groups. Review Questions.58. Simple Network Management Protocol.
SNMP Basic Components. Basic SNMP Commands. SNMP Management Information Base. SNMP and Data Representation. SNMP Version 1. SNMP Version 2. SNMP Version 3. SNMP Management. SNMP Reference: SNMP Message Formats. Summary. Review Questions.59. Quality of Service Networking.
Introduction. QoS Concepts. Basic QoS Architecture. QoS Identification and Marking. QoS Within a Single Network Element. QoS Management. End-to-End QoS Levels. Modular QoS Command-Line Interface (MQC). QoS Architectures. Congestion-Management Tools. Queue Management (Congestion-Avoidance Tools). Traffic-Shaping and Policing Tools. Link Efficiency Mechanisms. QoS Management. QoS on Ethernet. Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS): Allowing Flexible Traffic Engineering. SNA ToS. QoS for Packetized Voice. QoS for Streaming Video. Automated QoS. Summary. Review Questions. For More Information.
IX. APPENDIX.Appendix A: Answers to Review Questions.
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