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Dynamic SOA and BPM: Best Practices for Business Process Management and SOA Agility

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Dynamic SOA and BPM: Best Practices for Business Process Management and SOA Agility

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  • Copyright 2010
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-265087-8
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-265087-8

Achieve Breakthrough Business Flexibility and Agility by Integrating SOA and BPM

Thousands of enterprises have adopted Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) based on its promise to help them respond more rapidly to changing business requirements by composing new solutions from existing business services. To deliver on this promise, however, companies need to integrate solid but flexible Business Process Management (BPM) plans into their SOA initiatives. Dynamic SOA and BPM offers a pragmatic, efficient approach for doing so. Top IBM® SOA architect Marc Fiammante takes you step-by-step through combining BPM and SOA, and using them together to build a more flexible, dynamic enterprise. Throughout the book, he emphasizes hands-on solutions based on his experience supporting dozens of enterprise SOA implementations. Practical from start to finish, Dynamic SOA and BPM squarely addresses two of the most critical challenges today’s IT executives, architects, and analysts face: implementing BPM as effectively as possible and deriving more value from their SOA investments.

Coverage Includes

  • Moving from simplified integration to dynamic processes: realizing the full business value of services
  • Streamlining enterprise architecture to accelerate business and IT alignment
  • Implementing dynamic business processes based on small, flexible modules that can be quickly modeled, tested, delivered, and improved
  • Planning for services and information variability to limit the impact of change on processes and other consumers of services
  • Providing an integration layer between consumers and providers that addresses issues classical Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) approaches cannot solve alone
  • Tooling and practices for the development, management, and monitoring of the complete SOA/BPM life cycle

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Foreword xvii

Acknowledgments xix

About the Author xxi

Chapter 1 From Simplified Integration to Dynamic Processes 1

Common Pitfalls Limiting the Value of SOA and BPM 1

How Other Industries Approach Varying Conditions 2

A Streamlined Enterprise Architecture for BPM and SOA 3

                Mapping the Enterprise Business 4

                Mapping the Enterprise Applications 10

                Mapping the Enterprise IT Infrastructure 11

                Mapping the Enterprise Information 11

Basic Principles for Enterprise Dynamicity 14

                Categorizing the Processes 14

                Applying Decomposition to End-to-End Process 17

                Impact of Business Information Changes to Processes 18

                The Enterprise Expansion Joint 19

Summary 20

Chapter 2 Streamlining the Enterprise Architecture for Dynamic BPM and SOA 21

Focusing the Enterprise Architecture on Variability 21

Enterprise Capabilities Driving Dynamic BPM and SOA 22

                Enterprise Technical Agility 22

                Enterprise Business Agility 24

Horizon Approach to Enterprise Architecture 26

                The Business Horizon 26

                Information Horizon 27

Enterprise Architecture Staged Zooming 28

                Dynamic Patterns for Staged Decomposition 31

                Enterprise Push Pattern Levels 32

                Single Actor Pull Pattern Levels 36

Summary 39

Chapter 3 Implementing Dynamic Enterprise Information 41

A World of Dynamic and Variable Information 41

Delimiting the Variability 42

                Business Analysis 44

Simple Implementation Techniques for Information Variability 52

                Using “Any,” “Object,” or “Void *” 52

                Name/Value Pairs and Name/Value Type Triplet Techniques 52

Additional Techniques for Information Model Flexibility 56

                Introducing Loose Coupled Keys in Information Models for Modularity 57

                Managing Keys and Cross-Referencing in Complex Application Environments 58

Metamodel Approaches for Information Variability 59

Adaptive Business Objects 62

Summary 62

Chapter 4 Implementing Variable Services 63

Patterns of Service Variability Implementations 63

Variability and Web Services Description Language 64

                WSDL Operation Patterns 64

                WSDL Limited Ad-Hoc Polymorphism 66

Service Component Architecture 68

                Service Component Architecture Specifications 68

                Services Components and Composites 69

                Defining Component Interfaces 70

                Integrating Component with Bindings 71

                Making Component Concrete with Implementation 71

                Controlling Component and Composite Behavior with Policies 72

                Annotating Code for Service Exposure 73

REST Services 74

                Defining Services Using REST 74

                Examples of Resource Structure 75

                Handling REST Payload Information with JSON 76

Summary 77

Chapter 5 Implementing Dynamic Business Processes 79

Making End-to-End Processes Agile with Modularity 79

Modeling Processes for Dynamicity 80

                Allocating Use Cases from the Scenario into the Process Tree Decomposition 81

                Realizing Private Processes as Application Components 86

Additional Techniques for Process Variability 89

                Business Rule Engines 89

                Extracting Routing Logic from Business Processes 92

                Limiting Information Model Impact on Business Processes 94

                Realizing Event Driven Business Processes 95

Summary 96

Chapter 6 Implementing the Enterprise Expansion Joint 99

An Enterprise Expansion Joint for Flexible Integration 99

Dynamic Adaptation with Enterprise Service Buses 101

Mediation Flows, Message Flows, Rules Flows 101

                Dynamic Routing 102

                Managing State 106

Techniques for Mediating Service for Variability and Granularity Aggregation 110

                Fan Out/Fan In 110

                WS-BPEL Micro-Flows 112

                Managing Granularity from Mainframe with CICS Service Flow Modeler 113

                Split Model Techniques 115

                Managing Transactional Units of Works in Granularity Adaptation 118

                Propagating Faults from Granularity Adaptation 119

Summary 120

Chapter 7 Tooling for Dynamic SOA and BPM Processes 121

Managing the Architecture Life Cycle 121

                Tooling for Requirements, Change Cases, and Context 121

Capturing Enterprise Architecture Models 125

                Enterprise Architecture Tooling Round-Tripping and Direct Deployment 125

                Modeling Business and Application/Services Layers 127

                Modeling Infrastructure Layer 131

Modeling and Implementing Information, Services, and Processes 132

                Information Modeling 132

                Service Modeling 134

                Business Process Modeling 134

                BPEL and Process Choreography Integration Implementation 138

                Testing Processes and Services 146

Summary 147

Chapter 8 Managing and Monitoring a Dynamic BPM and SOA Environment 149

Managing and Monitoring Flexible Processes and SOA 149

Business Processes and Services Life Cycle Management 151

                Service Information Model Life Cycle Management 151

                Model Comparison 152

                Impact Analysis 153

                Business Service Life Cycle Management 156

                Business Process Life Cycle Management 158

Operational Management 160

                Technology Management Layer 161

                Application Management Layer 162

                Service Management Layer 162

                Business Processes Operational Management 164

Dynamic Business Process Management 166

                Managing Business Monitoring Levels 166

                Implementing Business Dashboards 168

Securing a Dynamic Process and Services Environment 168

                Overall Context of Services Security 169

                Overall Context of Processes Security 170

                Payload Level Services Security Performance Implications 171

Summary 172

Endnotes 173

Index 179


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