Home > Store

Common Information Models for an Open, Analytical, and Agile World

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

Common Information Models for an Open, Analytical, and Agile World

eBook (Watermarked)

  • Your Price: $25.59
  • List Price: $31.99
  • Includes EPUB and PDF
  • About eBook Formats
  • This eBook includes the following formats, accessible from your Account page after purchase:

    ePub EPUB The open industry format known for its reflowable content and usability on supported mobile devices.

    Adobe Reader PDF The popular standard, used most often with the free Acrobat® Reader® software.

    This eBook requires no passwords or activation to read. We customize your eBook by discreetly watermarking it with your name, making it uniquely yours.


  • Copyright 2015
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/8"
  • Pages: 240
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-336634-0
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-336634-1

Maximize the Value of Your Information Throughout Even the Most Complex IT Project
Foreword by Tim Vincent, IBM Fellow and Vice President, CTO for IBM Analytics Group

To drive maximum value from complex IT projects, IT professionals need a deep understanding of the information their projects will use. Too often, however, IT treats information as an afterthought: the “poor stepchild” behind applications and infrastructure. That needs to change. This book will help you change it.

Five senior IBM architects show you how to use information-centric views to give data a central role in project design and delivery. Using Common Information Models (CIM), you learn how to standardize the way you represent information, making it easier to design, deploy, and evolve even the most complex systems.

Using a complete case study, the authors explain what CIMs are, how to build them, and how to maintain them. You learn how to clarify the structure, meaning, and intent of any information you may exchange, and then use your CIM to improve integration, collaboration, and agility.

In today’s mobile, cloud, and analytics environments, your information is more valuable than ever. To build systems that make the most of it, start right here.

Coverage Includes
• Mastering best practices for building and maintaining a CIM
• Understanding CIM components and artifacts: scope, perspectives, and depth of detail
• Choosing the right patterns for structuring your CIM
• Integrating a CIM into broader governance
• Using tools to manage your CIM more effectively
• Recognizing the importance of non-functional characteristics, such as availability, performance, and security, in system design
• Growing CIM value by expanding their scope and usage
• Previewing the future of CIMs

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Foreword by Tim Vincent      xix
Preface     xx

Chapter 1  Introduction     1
The Agile and Open World     1
GKDMR Travel     3
Adding Mobile Applications to the Enterprise     4
Social Computing     8
Insight Applications     9
Using Cloud Platforms     10
Security of Data     12
Summary     13
Chapter 2  Inside the Common Information Model     15
Introduction     15
Scope     16
Perspectives     17
Information Supply Chains     19
Model Types     20
Depth of Detail     22
A Comprehensive Common Information Model     23
Developing a Strategy     26
Summary     29
Chapter 3  Structural Patterns for the Common Information Model     31
Introduction     31
Common Information Model     33
    Context     33
    Problem     33
    Example     34
    Forces     34
    Solution     35
    Consequences     36
    Example Resolved     37
    Known Uses     38
    Related Patterns     38
Concept Beads     39
    Context     39
    Problem     39
    Example     39
    Forces     40
    Solution     40
    Consequences     42
    Example Resolved     43
    Known Uses     45
    Related Patterns     45
Continuous Fabric     45
    Context     45
    Problem     45
    Example     46
    Forces     46
    Solution     46
    Consequences     47
    Example Resolved     48
    Known Uses     48
    Related Patterns     50
Encapsulated Views     50
    Context     50
    Problem     50
    Example     51
    Forces     51
    Solution     51
    Consequences     52
    Example Resolved     54
    Known Uses     54
    Related Patterns     54
Unifying Context     54
    Context     54
    Problem     55
    Example     55
    Forces     55
    Solution     55
    Consequences     56
    Example Resolved     57
    Known Uses     58
    Related Patterns     58
Combining the Patterns     58
Summary     59
Chapter 4  Modeling Best Practices     61
What Should Be in a Model?    61
Deciding on the Scope of a Model     62
Adopting Existing Models     63
Basic Modeling Skills     64
    Leveling the Content     64
    Standardizing Basic Types     65
    Dealing with Variation     66
    Dependent and Independent Behaviors     68
    When to Use Inheritance     68
    The Role Pattern     69
    Designing for Consistency     70
    Designing for Reuse     71
    Designing for Extensibility     71
    Linking Subject Areas     73
Tips for Modeling Interfaces     73
    Specialized Definitions of the Same Concept     73
    Context of a Request     75
    Versioning of Interfaces     75
Tips on Modeling for a Repository     75
    Removing Duplication—How Far Do You Go?    76
    Storing Historical Information     77
    Effectivity Dating     77
    Modeling Unstructured Data     78
    Physical Implementation Details     78
Summary     78
Chapter 5  Governance     81
Introduction     81
Governance Definitions     83
    Governance Principles     84
    Governance Policies     84
    Governance Classification Schemes     85
    Governance Standards     86
    Governance Rules, Guidelines, and Patterns     87
    Governance Process Definitions     87
    Governance Metrics     87
Managing Change     87
Lifecycles of Governance     88
Governance Leadership     90
Governance Processes     92
Governance Roles     93
Everyday Decision Making     94
Measurement and Audit     96
Summary     96
Chapter 6  Moving Beyond the Hammer     99
Structuring and Maintaining Models     99
Configuration Management     100
    Top-Down Configuration Management     102
    Bottom-Up Configuration Management     102
    Combining Approaches     103
Consuming Models and Related Artifacts     104
Managing Information Values     110
    Quality Management     111
    Reference Data Management     112
Summary     112
Chapter 7  System Characteristics     113
Introduction     113
Non-Functional Characteristics     114
Reviewing GKDMR Travel     116
Systems of Record     118
    SoR Non-Functional Characteristics     119
    CIM Implications for Systems of Record     120
Systems of Engagement     122
    SoE Non-Functional Characteristics     123
    CIM Implications for Systems of Engagement     124
Systems of Insight     126
    SoI Non-Functional Characteristics     129
    CIM Implications for Systems of Insight     131
Integration     132
    Integration Requirements     134
    CIM Implications for Integration     135
Summary     136
Chapter 8  Building Business Value     137
Complex Organizations     137
Points of View at GKDMR Travel     138
Adoption Maturity Model     140
    Repeatable Adoption Level     141
    Defined Adoption Level     141
    Managed Adoption Level     143
    Investing in the Common Information Model     145
    Optimizing Adoption Level     146
APIs from Business Partners     149
Unstructured Data Feeds     150
Summary     151
Chapter 9  Real-World Deployment Study     153
The Background and the Industry     153
Project Hydra     154
The Common Information Model     157
Refining the TMF-SID into Services     158
    Carving Up the TMF-SID     160
    Validating Consistency     162
    Extending the TMF-SID objects     162
    Pruning the Service Structures     163
Implementing the Integration Layer     163
Tools and Governance     164
Results     165
Chapter 10  Looking Forward     167
Where We Have Come From     167
Common Information Models Today     168
Thoughts for the Future     169
Concluding Remarks from the Authors     170
Appendix A  Industry Standards     171
Telecommunications Models     171
Finance Models     172
Utilities Industry     172
Appendix B  Non-Functional Behavior     173
Reliability and Availability     173
Performance Efficiency: Time Behavior Requirement     175
Performance Efficiency: Resource Utilization, Capacity Requirement     176
Compatibility Requirement     177
Maintainability Requirement     177
Security Requirement     178
Summary     179
Further Reading     181
Glossary     183
Index     195


Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020