- 1.0 Chapter Objectives
- 1.1 Classification of Transport Processes and Separation Processes (Unit Operations)
- 1.2 SI System of Basic Units Used in This Text and Other Systems
- 1.3 Methods of Expressing Temperatures and Compositions
- 1.4 Gas Laws and Vapor Pressure
- 1.5 Conservation of Mass and Material Balances
- 1.6 Energy and Heat Units
- 1.7 Conservation of Energy and Heat Balances
- 1.8 Numerical Methods for Integration
- 1.9 Chapter Summary
1.9 Chapter Summary
In this chapter, we have introduced the concepts of transport processes, unit operations, and separation processes, which form the basis for this textbook. Many examples of different unit operations and separations processes from a range of chemical, biological, and process industries were provided.
Important elements necessary to solve transport and separation processes were discussed. First, an overview of the different types of units and parameters, such as temperature, pressure, mass, and composition was provided. Then, material and energy balances were introduced by using the laws of conservation and energy. Examples were shown that included recycle streams, chemical reactions, latent heat, and heat of reaction. Finally, the principles of numerical introduction were described as a way to solve mathematical functions that are too complex to solve analytically.