Home > Store

SQL Fundamentals, 2nd Edition

SQL Fundamentals, 2nd Edition

Premium Website

  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale

Also available in other formats.

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.


  • Copyright 2002
  • Edition: 2nd
  • Premium Website
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-066947-4
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-066947-6

A new edition of this title is now available, ISBN-10: 0137126026 ISBN-13: 9780137126026

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

SQL Fundamentals: Getting Information From a Table

Table of Contents



1. Storing Information in Tables.

Introduction. The Parts of a Table. Examples of Tables. Summary.

2. Getting Information from a Table.

The Select Statement. The Select Clause. The Where Clause. The Order By Clause. Summary. Exercises.

3. Compound Conditions in the Where Clause.

Compound Conditions in the Where Clause. Constant Values. Punctuation Matters. Some Exercises Solved for You. Summary. Exercises.

4. Saving Your Results.

Saving Your Results in a New Table or View. Modifying the Data in a Table. Summary. Exercises.

5. Modifying Data Through a View.

Transactions. Modifying Data Through a View. Oracle SQLplus. Finding Information About Tables and Views. Summary. Exercises.

6. Creating Your Own Tables.

Creating Tables. Changing Tables. Tables with Duplicate Rows. Loading a Large Amount of Data from a Flat File. Summary. Exercises.

7. Formats, Sequences, and Indexes.

Formats. Sequences. Indexes. Finding More Information in the Data Dictionary. An Exercise Solved for You. Summary. Exercises.

8. Data Integrity.

Referential Integrity. The Delete Options and Update Options of RI. Variations of Referential Integrity. Other Types of Constraints. Summary. Exercises.

9. Row Functions.

Introduction to Row Functions. Number Functions. Text Functions. Date Functions. Summary. Exercises.

10. Using Row Functions.

Other Functions. Using the Documentation of Row Functions. Creating Patterns of Numbers and Dates. Summary. Exercises.

11. Summarizing Data.

Introduction to the Column Functions. Maximum and Minimum. Count. Sum and Average. Other Topics. Summary. Exercises.

12. Controlling the Level of Summarization.

Dividing a Table into Groups of Rows and Summarizing Each Group. Eliminating Some of the Summarized Data. Restrictions on Summarization. Summary. Exercises.

13. Inner Joins.

Introduction to Joins. Inner Joins of Two Tables. Variations of the Join Condition. Applications of Joins. Summary. Exercises.

14. Outer Joins.

Introduction to Outer Joins. Applications of Outer Joins. Summary. Exercises.

15. Union and Union All.

Unions. Unconventional Unions. Applications of a Union. Set Intersection and Set Difference in Oracle. Summary. Exercises.

16. Cross Joins and Self Joins.

Cross Joins. Self Joins. Summary. Exercises.

17. Combining Tables in a Production Database.

Methods of Joining Three or More Tables. Losing Information. Caring About the Efficiency of Your Computer. Standardizing the Way That Tables Are Joined. Summary.

18. If-Then-Else and Subqueries.

If-Then-Else Logic. Parameter Queries. Subqueries. Applications of Subqueries. Older Features of Subqueries. Summary.

19. The Multiuser Environment.

Database Configurations. Operating in a Multiuser Environment. Security and Privileges. Several People Using the Same Table at the Same Time. Locks. The Data Dictionary and the Multiuser Environment. How to Create a Shared Application. Summary.

20. The Design of SQL.

Original SQL Design Objectives. Newer Interfaces. Typical Application. Summary.

Appendix A. Obtaining and Installing Oracle.

Getting Current Information. Which Product Should You Get? Downloading Oracle from the Internet. Ordering Oracle on a CD. Installing Oracle. Setting Up to Run the Examples in This Book. Setting Up a New Userid. Installing the Tables Used in This Book. How to Build the Tables and Assign Other Tablespace Names.

Appendix B. Tips on Using Oracle.

Starting Oracle. Entering a Query. Other Ways to Edit Your SQL Code. Error Messages Are Sometimes Correct. Using the Scrollbars. If Oracle Does Not Respond. Installing the LOGIN Script. Running All the SQL for a Chapter.

Appendix C. Tips on Using Access.

You Can Use Access 2000 or 2002. Starting Access. Entering an SQL Query. Dealing with Errors. Printing.

Appendix D. Diagram of the Lunches Database.

Join Conditions. Data Validation Rules.




SQL is now one of the most important computer languages. It is used in over 100 software products, and new ones are being added all the time. This book shows you how to get the most out of your database. It explains how to use SQL to solve practical problems, using the most widely used SQL products Oracle and Microsoft Access. Oracle and Access are both widely used, easily available and run on personal computers. By learning these two products in detail, you will have all the basic skills to use any of the many products based on SQL.

Every concept in this book is illustrated with an example of SQL code. In most cases, a task is set, then the SQL code is given to complete that task. The beginning and result tables of data are also shown. There are more than 200 of these examples. Each part stands on its own. You can read this book sequentially or skip around to find the parts that you need.

Be sure to look at the appendices for practical tips on how to run Oracle and Access. The CD-ROM contains the database files and the code for all the examples.

In several places throughout this book, I have expressed opinions about computer technology, something that many other technical books avoid doing. These opinions are my own and I take full responsibility for them. I also reserve the right to change my mind. If I do so, I will put my revised opinion and the reasons that have caused me to change my thinking on the Web site for this book,



Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020