Home > Store

Power Integrity Analysis and Management for Integrated Circuits

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

Power Integrity Analysis and Management for Integrated Circuits


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale


  • Copyright 2010
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-701122-9
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-701122-3

New Techniques and Tools for Ensuring On-Chip Power Integrity—Down to Nanoscale

As chips continue to scale, power integrity issues are introducing unexpected project complexity and cost. In this book, two leading industry innovators thoroughly discuss the power integrity challenges that engineers face in designing at nanoscale levels, introduce new analysis and management techniques for addressing these issues, and provide breakthrough tools for hands-on problem solving.

Raj Nair and Dr. Donald Bennett first provide a complete foundational understanding of power integrity, including ULSI issues, practical aspects of power delivery, and the benefits of a total power integrity approach to optimizing chip physical designs. They introduce advanced power distribution network modeling, design, and analysis techniques that highlight abstraction and physics-based analysis, while also incorporating traditional circuit- and field-solver based approaches. They also present advanced techniques for floorplanning and power integrity management, and help designers anticipate emerging challenges associated with increased integration. Anasim RLCSim.exe, a new tool for power integrity aware floorplanning, is downloadable for free at anasim.com/category/software.

The authors

  • Systematically explore power integrity implications, analysis, and management for integrated circuits
  • Present practical examples and industry best practices for a broad spectrum of chip design applications
  • Discuss distributed and high-bandwidth voltage regulation, differential power path design, and the significance of on-chip inductance to power integrity
  • Review both traditional and advanced modeling techniques for integrated circuit power integrity analysis, and introduce continuum modeling
  • Explore chip, package, and board interactions for power integrity and EMI, and bring together industry best practices and examples
  • Introduce advanced concepts for power integrity management, including non-linear capacitance devices, impedance modulation, and active noise regulation

Power Integrity Analysis and Management for Integrated Circuits coverage of both fundamentals and advanced techniques will make this book indispensable to all engineers responsible for signal integrity, power integrity, hardware, or system design—especially those working at the nanoscale level.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Power Integrity Analysis and Management for Integrated Circuits: Power, Delivering Power, and Power Integrity

Sample Pages

Download the sample pages (includes Chapter 1 and Index)

Table of Contents

Preface      xv

Acknowledgments      xxi

About the Authors      xxiii

Contributors      xxv

Chapter 1: Power, Delivering Power, and Power Integrity      1

1.1   Electromotive Force (emf)   1

1.2   Electrical Power   5

1.3   Power Delivery   8

1.4   Power Integrity (PI)   13

1.5   Exercises   17

References   18

Chapter 2: Ultra-Large-Scale Integration and Power Challenges      19

2.1   Exponential Integration and Semiconductor Scaling   20

2.2   Power and Energy Consumption   27

2.3   Power, Heat, and Power Integrity Challenges   39

2.4   Exercises   50

References   51

Chapter 3: IC Power Integrity and Optimal Power Delivery      53

3.1   Power Transfer and Efficiency   53

3.2   Optimal IC Power Delivery: On-Chip Inductance and Grid Design    81

3.3   Power Grid Cost Factor Trade-off Analysis and Design   99

3.4   Exercises   106

References   107

Chapter 4: Early Power Integrity Analysis and Abstraction      111

4.1   Process, Voltage, and Temperature: Design Verification Space   112

4.2   Back-End and Front-End PI Analysis   115

4.3   Simulation Environment for Models of High Abstraction Levels   126

4.4   Abstraction and PI Analysis Examples   129

4.5   Summary and Enhancements   135

4.6   Exercises   136

References   138

Chapter 5: Power Integrity Analysis and EMI/EMC     141

5.1   Introduction 141

5.2   Analysis of Noise Generation and Propagation through a Power Distribution Network      143

5.3   Modeling Decoupling Capacitors for Noise Mitigation in PDNs   150

5.4   Current Design Methodology for Power Delivery Networks   154

5.5   Modeling Methodologies   159

5.6   Numerical Methods   169

5.7   Power and Signal Delivery Analysis Tools and Limitations   176

5.8   Power Integrity-Aware Electromagnetic Interference Analysis   188

5.9   Strengths and Limitations of Existing Early EMI methodologies    197

5.10 Early Power Integrity-Aware EMI Modeling and Analysis Flow    198

5.11 SI, PI, and EMI Summary   215

5.12 Exercises   216

References   216

Chapter 6: Power Distribution Modeling and Integrity Analysis      221

6.1   Introduction   221

6.2   Modeling of a Power Distribution Grid   224

6.3   Numerical Analysis of Power Distribution Model   229

6.4   Differential and Common-Mode Noise   230

6.5   Verification and Error Analysis   233

6.6   Modeling of On-Chip Bus Switching Current   239

6.7   Verification of the Bus Model   245

6.8   Bus Skewing to Reduce Power Distribution Noise   248

6.9   Case Study: Reduction of Power Distribution Noise   250

6.10 Exercises   252

6.11 Appendix: Coefficients for Equation (6-37)   253

References   255

Chapter 7: Effective Current Density and Continuum Models      259

7.1   Circuit and Model Simplification   259

7.2   Definition of Effective Current Density   260

7.3   Effective Current Density and Virtual Currents   263

7.4   Symmetry in Networks Containing Conductors, Insulators, and Other Components   263

7.5   A Continuum Model Using ECD   264

7.6   Practical Application of a Continuum-Based Simulator to IC Floorplanning   273

7.7   Continuum Models Compared to SPICE Models   280

7.8   Model Enhancement for Nanoscale CMOS Integrated Circuits   284

7.9   Exercises   285

References   286

Chapter 8: Power Integrity-Aware Chip Floorplanning and Design      287

8.1   Design for Power Integrity: Nanometer Era Considerations   287

8.2   Design for Power Integrity: Techniques   291

8.3   Power Management and Power Integrity   300

References   314

Chapter 9: Power Integrity Management in Integrated Circuits and Systems      317

9.1   Chip-Level PI Management   318

9.2   System- and Package-Level PI Management   331

9.3   Exercises   341

References 343

Additional Reading 346

Chapter 10: Integration Technologies, Trends, and Challenges      347

10.1   Chip-Level Integration   348

10.2   Package-Level Integration   352

10.3   Integration Trend for Power Integrity Management Components   366

References   367

Additional Reading   369

Appendix A: ECD Continuum Model Derivation      371

Appendix B: Derivation of the Helmholtz Equation for Planar Circuits      383

Index 385


Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020