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Polymer Science and Technology, 3rd Edition

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  • Copyright 2014
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/8"
  • Edition: 3rd
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-703991-3
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-703991-3

The Definitive Guide to Polymer Principles, Properties, Synthesis, Applications, and Simulations

Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field’s current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics.

This edition’s new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more.

A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume.

Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references.

In-depth coverage includes

  • Polymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering
  • Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization
  • Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more
  • Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites–including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS
  • Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets
  • Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers
  • Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling
  • Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Preface            xv

Preface to Second Edition           xvii

Preface to First Edition           xix

Acknowledgments           xxi

About the Author           xxiii

Chapter 1: Introduction to Polymer Science          1

1.1 Classification of Polymers   3

1.2 Polymer Structure   8

1.3 Molecular Weight   15

1.4 Chemical Structure and Thermal Transitions   20

Suggested Reading   22

Problems   22

References   24

Chapter 2: Polymer Synthesis           25

2.1 Step-Growth Polymerization   26

2.2 Chain-Growth Polymerization   31

2.3 Polymerization Techniques   64

2.4 Polymer Reactivity   74

2.5 Special Topics in Polymer Synthesis   81

2.6 Chemical Structure Determination   86

Suggested Reading   92

Problems   95

References    98

Chapter 3: Conformation, Solutions, and Molecular Weight          101

3.1 Polymer Conformation and Chain Dimensions   102

3.2 Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions   109

3.3 Measurement of Molecular Weight   129

Suggested Reading   146

Problems   146

References   150

Chapter 4: Solid-State Properties  153

4.1 The Amorphous State   154

4.2 The Crystalline State   159

4.3 Thermal Transitions and Properties   167

4.4 Mechanical Properties   183

Suggested Reading   202

Problems   203

References   204

Chapter 5: Viscoelasticity and Rubber Elasticity          207

5.1 Introduction to Viscoelasticity   208

5.2 Introduction to Rubber Elasticity   248

Suggested Reading   255

Problems   256

References   259

Chapter 6: Polymer Degradation and the Environment          261

6.1 Polymer Degradation and Stability   262

6.2 Management of Plastics in the Environment   272

Suggested Reading   279

References   279

Chapter 7: Additives, Blends, Block Copolymers, and Composites         281

7.1 Additives   282

7.2 Polymer Blends and Interpenetrating Networks   293

7.3 Block Copolymers   306

7.4 Composites   310

7.5 Nanocomposites   318

Suggested Reading   326

Problems   328

References   329

Chapter 8: Biopolymers, Natural Polymers, and Fibers           331

8.1 Biopolymers and Other Naturally Occuring Polymers   332

8.2 Fibers   346

Suggested Reading   358

Problems   359

References   359

Chapter 9: Thermoplastics, Elastomers, and Thermosets            361

9.1 Commodity Thermoplastics   362

9.2 Elastomers   374

9.3 Thermosets   386

Suggested Reading   393

Problems   394

References   395

Chapter 10: Engineering and Specialty Polymers           397

10.1 Engineering Plastics   399

10.2 Specialty Polymers   412

Suggested Reading   431

Problems    433

References    433

Chapter 11: Polymer Processing and Rheology             435

11.1 Basic Processing Operations   436

11.2 Introduction to Polymer Rheology   446

11.3 Analysis of Simple Flows   461

11.4 Rheometry    468

11.5 Modeling of Polymer-Processing Operations   476

Appendices   485

Suggested Reading   487

Problems   488

References   491

Chapter 12: Polymers for Advanced Technologies          493

12.1 Membrane Science and Technology   494

12.2 Biomedical Engineering and Drug Delivery   526

12.3 Applications in Electronics and Energy   533

12.4 Photonic Polymers  541

12.5 Sensor Applications  544

Suggested Reading   547

Problems   550

References    550

Chapter 13: Correlations and Simulations in Polymer Science          553

13.1 Group-Contribution Methods   554

13.2 Topological Indices   574

13.3 Artificial Neural Network   578

13.4 Molecular Simulations   581

13.5 Applications of Molecular Simulations   591

Suggested Reading   611

Problems   612

References   612

Appendix A: Polymer Abbreviations         617

Appendix B Representative Properties of Some Important Commercial Polymers   621

Appendix C ASTM Standards for Plastics and Rubber   623

Appendix D SI Units and Physical Constants   627

Appendix E Mathematical Relationships   629

Appendix F The Major Elements   635

Index           637


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