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Oracle® Solaris 11 System Administration

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Oracle® Solaris 11 System Administration

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  • Copyright 2013
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/8"
  • Pages: 720
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-300712-X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-300712-1

Oracle® Solaris 11 System Administration covers every skill required to effectively install and administer the Oracle® Solaris 11.1 operating system in production environments. It features dozens of step-bystep “learn by example” procedures, demonstrating how to apply complex solutions in real-world data center environments.

Author Bill Calkins has administered and taught Oracle Solaris and its predecessors for more than twenty years. He also helped develop the newest Oracle Certified Associate (OCA) and Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) exams, which raise the bar for Solaris certification. This guide covers every new 1Z0-821 exam topic in detail and also covers many 1Z0-822 exam topics.

Calkins also reviews the changes that system administrators will face when upgrading to Solaris 11.1 and presents new ways to perform familiar tasks on both SPARC and x86 hardware. You’ll learn how to

  • Install the Solaris 11 Operating Environment with Live Media or Text Interactive installers
  • Install, manage, and update software with the Image Packaging System and IPS repositories
  • Understand, customize, and troubleshoot SPARC and x86 boot processes from system power-up to loading the OS (including coverage of ILOM, OpenBoot, and GRUB 2)
  • Administer and create services through the service management facility (SMF)
  • Configure system messaging using SMF notifications, syslog and rsyslog
  • Configure and administer ZFS storage pools, including ZFS on the boot drive, local disks, LUNs, and a SAN
  • Configure and manage ZFS file systems: encryption, redundancy, snapshots, clones, network sharing, monitoring, device replacement, and legacy UFS migration
  • Create, migrate, contain, and administer zones, including solaris10 branded and immutable zones
  • Use RBAC to create custom rights profiles and grant special privileges
  • Manage and monitor system process scheduler (including FSS process schedulers and proc tools)
  • Configure Solaris networking and network services, including Reactive and Fixed Network Configurations, VNICs, and Virtual Networking

A companion website (unixed.com/solaris11book.html) includes new 1Z0-821 and 1Z0-822 study strategies and self-assessment exams.

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Preface         xix

Acknowledgments         xxv

About the Author         xxvii

Chapter 1: Installing Oracle Solaris 11         1

Preparation for Installing the OS   1

Using the Live Media Installer   11

Using the Interactive Text Installer: x86   23

Using the Interactive Text Installer: SPARC   33

Verifying the Operating Environment   42

Upgrading from a Previous Version of Oracle Solaris   55

Changing an Oracle Solaris Instance   56

Updating the OS   61

Summary   61

Chapter 2: Managing and Updating Software with IPS         63

Understanding IPS   64

Installing and Managing Packages   70

BEs   93

Update the OS   109

Summary   120

Chapter 3: Boot and Shutdown Procedures for SPARC and x86-Based Systems         121

The Boot Process: SPARC   121

The OpenBoot Environment   124

Booting a SPARC System   155

Booting an x86-Based System   166

The Boot Archive   174

The Kernel   177

The init Phase   182

SMF   183

Create SMF Manifest and Profiles   213

System Shutdown   229

syslog   237

rsyslog   242

Summary   244

Chapter 4: Administering Storage Devices         245

Instance Names   255

Major and Minor Device Numbers   257

Logical Device Names   258

A File System Defined   263

Defining a Disk’s Geometry   264

Disk Slices   267

Administering LUNs   285

Summary   287

Chapter 5: Administering ZFS File Systems         289

Introduction to ZFS   290

ZFS Hardware and Software Requirements   294

ZFS System Process   294

ZFS RAID Configurations   294

Creating a Storage Pool   295

Creating a ZFS File System   298

Renaming a ZFS File System   304

Listing ZFS File Systems and Storage Pools   304

ZFS Components   312

Encrypting ZFS File Systems   314

Removing a ZFS File System   317

Removing a ZFS Storage Pool   320

Adding Storage Space to a ZFS Storage Pool   322

Mirrored Storage Pools   323

RAID-Z Storage Pools   324

Attaching and Detaching Devices in a Storage Pool   327

Taking Devices in a Storage Pool Offline and Online   332

ZFS History   333

ZFS Properties   334

Mounting ZFS File Systems   344

Sharing ZFS File Systems   349

ZFS Snapshots   349

ZFS Clones   357

zpool scrub   359

Replacing Devices in a Storage Pool   360

The ZFS Root File System   368

Monitoring ZFS   375

Migrate Legacy File Systems to ZFS   378

Summary   381

Chapter 6: Administering Zones          383

Oracle Solaris 11 Enhancements   385

Consolidation and Resource Management   385

Oracle Solaris Zones   386

Non-global Zone Root File System Models   390

Networking in a Zone Environment   392

Planning the Zone   393

Zone Service Instances and Daemons   394

Configuring a Zone   395

Viewing the Zone Configuration   409

Administering Zones: zoneadm   411

Log In to a Zone: zlogin   421

Using ZFS for Oracle Solaris Zones   425

Zone Resource Controls   429

Create an Exclusive-IP Zone   433

Create a Shared-IP Zone   447

Migrate an Oracle Solaris 10 Global Zone to Oracle Solaris 11 (P2V)   450

Back Up a Zone   453

Recover a Zone   454

Delegated Zone Administration   455

Summary   455

Chapter 7: User and Security Administration            457

Administering User Accounts   457

Managing User and Group Accounts from the Command Line   460

Setting Up Shell Initialization Files   469

The Home Directory   475

Projects   476

Name Services   477

System Security   477

RBAC   487

Controlling File Access   503

Auditing Users   515

Controlling Network Security   522

The Secure Shell (ssh)   533

Common-Sense Security Techniques   538

Summary   539

Chapter 8: Managing System Processes            541

ps   543

pgrep   547

prstat   549

top   556

mpstat   557

ptree   559

time   559

svcs   560

Proc Tools and /proc   560

Process Types   562

Using Signals   565

Scheduling Processes   569

Using the Oracle Solaris Batch-Processing Facility   575

Configure System Core Files   581

Configure System Crash Dumps   584

Summary   587

Chapter 9: The Oracle Solaris Network Environment         589

Client/Server Model   589

Network Interface   592

Fixed Network Configuration   592

Reactive Network Configuration   606

Configuring Additional Network Services   609

The System Hostname   613

Virtual Networking   615

Checking the Network   621

Network Services   624

Summary   629

Chapter 10: Network File Systems         631

NFS Overview   631

NFS Version 4   632

Sharing a File System   635

ZFS Sharing within a Non-Global Zone   643

Mounting a Remote File System   644

Changing the NFS Version   649

AutoFS   650

Mirror Mounts   666

Troubleshooting NFS Errors   667

Summary   669

Index         671


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