Home > Store

MySQL Database Design and Tuning

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

MySQL Database Design and Tuning


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale


  • Copyright 2005
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9"
  • Pages: 432
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-672-32765-1
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-672-32765-0

The authoritative, hands-on guide to advanced MySQL programming and administration techniques for high performance is here. MySQL Database Design and Tuning is the only guide with coverage of both the basics and advanced topics, including reliability, performance, optimization and tuning for MySQL. This clear, concise and unique source for the most reliable MySQL performance information will show you how to:

  • Deploy the right MySQL product for your performance needs.
  • Set up a performance management and monitoring environment using tools from MySQL.
  • Implement the right indexing strategy
  • Apply good performance strategy when developing software to work with the MySQL database.
  • Configure dozens of variable to correctly tune the MySQL engine.

If you deal with the intricacies and challenges of advanced MySQL functionality on a daily basis, you will be able to build on your knowledge with author Robert Schneider's real-world experiences in MySQL Database Design and Tuning.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapters

MySQL Overview and New Performance-Related Features

MySQL Overview and New Performance-Related Features

Table of Contents

The Purpose of This Book.

    Who Should Read This Book?

    Benefits of Using This Book

    How to Use This Book

    Information About MySQL Software and Environments

    Information About Examples


1. Setting Up an Optimization Environment.

    Pretesting Preparation





    Your Test Plan

    Change One Variable at a Time

    Organizational Support

    After Testing Is Under Way

    Posttesting Implementation

    Recording Your Results

    Making Improvements

2. Performance Monitoring Options.

    MySQL Tools and Utilities

    Character-Based Tools and Utilities

    Graphical Tools


    Operating System Tools



3. MySQL Overview and New Performance-Related Features.

    MySQL Products

    MySQL Core Technologies

    Database Storage Engines and Table Types

    Distributed Computing Technologies

    Graphical Tools and Assistants




    Performance-Related Tools

    About the Versions Used for This Book

    MySQL Versions

    Operating Systems

    Performance-Boosting Features from Version 4.0 Onward


4. Designing for Speed.

    Choosing the Right Storage Engine and Table Type







    BerkeleyDB (BDB)




    Optimizing Table Structure

    Specifying Row Format

    Specifying Table Size

    Index Key Compression

    Checksum Integrity Management

    Column Types and Performance

    Using Views to Boost Performance

    Reduced Returned Columns

    Reduced Returned Rows

    Reduced Inefficient Joins

    Simpler Updating with Integrity Checking

    When Not to Normalize

5. Using Constraints to Improve Performance.

    UNIQUE Constraints






6. Understanding the MySQL Optimizer.

    What Is an Optimizer?

    Optimizer Diagnostics and Tuning

    The ANALYZE TABLE Command

    The OPTIMIZE TABLE Command

    The EXPLAIN Command

    Helping the Optimizer

7. Indexing Strategies.

    Index Key Terms and Concepts

    Index Reports and Utilities


    Assisting the Optimizer with Indexes

    Index-Related Logging

    MyISAM Indexing Features

    Key Cache

    The myisamchk Utility

    Index and Table Compression

    InnoDB Indexing Features

    Index Structure and Storage

    Buffer Pool

    Memory Pool

    Adaptive Hash Index

    Automatic Foreign Key Index Generation

    Indexing Scenarios


    Filter Columns

    Join Columns

    Index Cardinality

    Character Versus Numeric Indexes

    Multicolumn Indexes

    Partial Indexes

    Ascending Versus Descending Indexes

    Storing Tables in Column-Sorted Order


8. Advanced SQL Tips.

    Improving Searches

    Leveraging Internal Engine Caches

    Controlling Data Retrieval

    Reducing Security Costs

    Off-loading Processing Work

    Boosting Join Performance

    Substring Searches

    Improving Temporary Table Performance

    Managing View Performance


    Using Math Within SQL




    Improving Data Modification

    Improving INSERT

    Improving DELETE

9. Developing High-Speed Applications.

    Understanding Locking

    General Locking Overview

    InnoDB Locking Overview

    Optimal Transactions

    Key Transaction Terms and Concepts

    Cost of Transactions

    Transaction Performance Suggestions

    Stored Procedures and Functions

    Difference Between Stored Procedures and Functions

    When to Use Stored Procedures or Functions

    When Not to Use Stored Procedures or Functions

    Stored Procedure Optimization


    Current Trigger Limitations

    When to Use Triggers

    When Not to Use Triggers

    Writing Efficient Application Code

    General Suggestions


10. General Server Performance Parameters and Tuning.

    Server Settings Scope


    Creating a Connection

    Managing a Connection

    Memory Management

    Locking mysqld in Memory

    Thread Memory Settings

    MEMORY Tables


    Application Control


    Optimizer Control


    User Resource Control

11. MyISAM Performance Enhancement.

    Optimal Data Storage

    Table Reporting and Control

    Table Maintenance and Repair

    Controlling Sorting Resources

    MyISAM and Memory

    The Key Cache

    Speeding MyISAM Operations

    Loading Information

    Improving FULLTEXT Searches

    Concurrency Considerations

12. InnoDB Performance Enhancement.

    InnoDB Storage Architecture and I/O



    Extents and Segments


    Built-in Performance Enhancers

    Data Storage

    Log Files

    InnoDB and Memory

    Buffer Pool

    InnoDB Operational Control

    Thread Performance

    Improving Concurrency

    Improving Large-Scale Operations

    Speeding Up Shutdown

13. Improving Disk Speed.

    General Suggestions

    Deploying the Fastest Possible Disk Drives

    Configuring Memory Caches Correctly

    Implementing a RAID Strategy

    Distributing Temporary Directories

    MyISAM Suggestions

    Symbolic Links

    Table Compression

    InnoDB Suggestions

    Choosing the Right autoextend Setting

    Using Raw Devices

    Alternative Disk Writing Methods

    Table Defragmentation

    Operating System—Specific Disk Suggestions

    Linux/Unix Suggestions

    Windows Suggestions

14. Operating System, Web Server, and Connectivity Tuning.

    Operating System Considerations




    Web Server Performance Considerations

    Choosing the Right Server Topology

    General PHP Suggestions

    Apache/PHP Suggestions

    Internet Information Services (IIS)/PHP Tips

    Connectivity Tuning

    Protocol Choices

    Costs of Hostname Resolution

    Costs of Creating and Destroying Connections

    Costs of SSL

15. Improving Import and Export Operations.

    Speeding Data Exports

    The Importance of Regular Exports

    Avoiding Excessive Memory Consumption

    Concurrency and Exports

    Retrieving Subsets of Information

    Copying Table Structures Without Data

    Delaying Index Re-creation–MyISAM

    Delaying Index Re-creation–InnoDB

    Preparing for Data Reload

    Accelerating Data Loading

    Managing Concurrency

    Handling Errors

    Engine-Specific Tips


16. Optimal Replication.


    How Does Replication Work?

    Is Replication Right for You?

    Creating a Replication Strategy

    High-Performance Replication

    Network Considerations

    Master Server Performance Considerations

    Implementing Best Tuning Practices

    Managing Slave Resources

    Slave Server Performance Considerations

17. Optimal Clustering.


    How Does Clustering Work?



    Cluster Clients

    Storage Engine


    Data Distribution


    Is Clustering Right for You?

    Clustering Versus Replication

    Creating a Clustering Strategy

    Choosing the Right Version

    Cluster Topology

    Configuring MySQL Cluster for High Performance

    General Clustering Best Practices

    Network Considerations


    Management Node Considerations

    SQL Node Considerations

    Data Node Considerations


18. Case Study: High-Hat Delivers!

    Problem Queries

    Package Status Lookup

    Shipping Option Lookup

    Random Transaction Bottlenecks



    Implementing These Solutions

19. Case Study: Friends Fly Free-for-All–A Promotion Gone Wrong.

    Server Availability



    Application and Transaction Issues



20. Case Study 3: Practice Makes Perfect.

    Data Importing






    Stored Procedures





Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020