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LINQ to Objects Using C# 4.0: Using and Extending LINQ to Objects and Parallel LINQ (PLINQ)

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LINQ to Objects Using C# 4.0: Using and Extending LINQ to Objects and Parallel LINQ (PLINQ)

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Description

  • Copyright 2010
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-321-77064-1
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-321-77064-6

“For several years, Troy has been one of the key figures in the LINQ community. This comprehensive and well-written book serves as a compendium of the important wisdom and experience that he has accumulated through his years of studying LINQ and its uses.”

      —Charlie Calvert, Microsoft C# Community Program Manager

“LINQ is changing the way we think about working with data and, in many ways, also about programming in general. LINQ to Objects Using C# 4.0 is a thorough reference that teaches how to simplify many day-to-day tasks with data. It also gives you the foundations that are necessary to understand a wide range of fascinating applications of LINQ that will, no doubt, continue to appear over the next few years.”

      —Tomas Petricek, Microsoft MVP and author of Real-World Functional Programming

Your Complete Example-Rich Guide to Using and Extending LINQ to Objects and PLINQ

Using LINQ to Objects, .NET developers can write queries over object collections with the same deep functionality that was once available only with SQL and relational databases. Now, for the first time, developers have a comprehensive and authoritative guide to applying LINQ to Objects in real-world software. Microsoft MVP Troy Magennis introduces state-of-the-art techniques for working with in-memory collections more elegantly and efficiently–and writing code that is exceptionally powerful, robust, and flexible.

Drawing on his unsurpassed experience coding software using LINQ and hosting the popular HookedOnLINQ.com site, Magennis presents timely, realistic solutions to a wide spectrum of development challenges, such as combining data from multiple sources, and achieving optimal performance with extremely large sets of data. You’ll begin with brief quick-starts that walk you through LINQ to Objects’ key features and query syntax. Next, you’ll drill down to detailed techniques for applying and extending these features with C# 4.0 and C# 3.0–including code examples that reflect the realities of production development.

Coverage includes

•    Writing basic LINQ queries with C#: filtering, projecting, and sorting data from in-memory collections

•    Mastering advanced techniques for grouping and joining data and understanding the performance implications of each technique

•    Taking full advantage of LINQ’s standard query operators

•    Creating custom query operators that follow best practices for coding patterns and error handling

•    Writing more fluent, readable LINQ queries with C# 4.0’s language enhancements, including the new dynamic features

•    Combining LINQ with COM-Interop to access data sources such as Microsoft Excel

•    Using Parallel LINQ to Objects (PLINQ) to optimize queries for multi-core processors, and how to build custom parallel query operators

•    Integrating the best LINQ to Objects patterns into your day-to-day coding

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Foreword . . . x

Preface . . . xii

Acknowledgments . . . xix

About the Author . . . xx

Chapter 1: Introducing LINQ . . . 1

What Is LINQ? . . . 1

The (Almost) Current LINQ Story . . . 3

LINQ Code Makeover–Before and After Code Examples . . . 5

Benefits of LINQ . . . 12

Summary . . . 15

References . . . 15

Chapter 2: Introducing LINQ to Objects . . . 17

LINQ Enabling C# 3.0 Language Enhancements . . . 17

LINQ to Objects Five-Minute Overview . . . 30

Summary . . . 39

References . . . 39

Chapter 3: Writing Basic Queries . . . 41

Query Syntax Style Options . . . 41

How to Filter the Results (Where Clause) . . . 49

How to Change the Return Type (Select Projection) . . . 54

How to Return Elements When the Result Is a Sequence (Select Many) . . . 59

How to Get the Index Position of the Results . . . 61

How to Remove Duplicate Results . . . 62

How to Sort the Results . . . 63

Summary . . . 73

Chapter 4: Grouping and Joining Data . . . 75

How to Group Elements . . . 75

How to Join with Data in Another Sequence . . . 93

Summary . . . 119

Chapter 5: Standard Query Operators . . . 121

The Built-In Operators . . . 121

Aggregation Operators–Working with Numbers . . . 123

Conversion Operators–Changing Types . . . 131

Element Operators . . . 144

Equality Operator–SequenceEqual . . . 153

Generation Operators–Generating Sequences of Data . . . 155

Merging Operators . . . 159

Partitioning Operators–Skipping and Taking Elements . . . 160

Quantifier Operators–All, Any, and Contains . . . 164

Summary . . . 171

Chapter 6: Working with Set Data . . . 173

Introduction . . . 173

The LINQ Set Operators . . . 174

The HashSet<T> Class . . . 185

Summary . . . 192

Chapter 7: Extending LINQ to Objects . . . 195

Writing a New Query Operator . . . 195

Writing a Single Element Operator . . . 196

Writing a Sequence Operator . . . 208

Writing an Aggregate Operator . . . 216

Writing a Grouping Operator . . . 222

Summary . . . 232

Chapter 8: C# 4.0 Features . . . 233

Evolution of C# . . . 233

Optional Parameters and Named Arguments . . . 234

Dynamic Typing . . . 243

COM-Interop and LINQ . . . 251

Summary . . . 260

References . . . 260

Chapter 9: Parallel LINQ to Objects . . . 261

Parallel Programming Drivers . . . 261

Multi-Threading Versus Code Parallelism . . . 264

Parallelism Expectations, Hindrances, and Blockers . . . 267

LINQ Data Parallelism . . . 271

Writing Parallel LINQ Operators . . . 289

Summary . . . 301

References . . . 301

Glossary . . . 303

Index . . . 307

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