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This book will assist the senior level technology professional in turning EAI strategy into reality. The books currently on the market provide an "academic" overview of EAI. They describe the relevant technologies and explain their importance but they do not provide the necessary tools to turn textbook material into an EAI success story. This book will provide a solution focus to EAI. It will begin by stepping readers through an overview of EAI, leading them through the analysis of patterns of integration and then cover the tools and technologies that solve the EAI problem. Topics include:
How Business Process Integration Is Reinventing B2B
Scalable Application Access with J2EE Connectors
Standardizing B2B Processes with RosettaNet
Understanding B2B Integration Patterns
XML Schemas Pave the Way for Enterprise Integration
(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with a Summary.)
I. E-BUSINESS INTEGRATION CONCEPTS.1. Introduction to e-Business Integration.
What Exactly Is e-Business Integration? e-Business Integration Imperative.
Mergers and Acquisitions. Rapid Adoption of Package Applications. The Emergence of the Internet as a Business Channel.
The Integration Challenge: How Did We Get Here?
Heterogeneous Platforms. Heterogeneous Communications Protocols. Corporate “Islands of Automation”. Data Syntax. Application Semantics. Middleware Revolution.
Internet: Extending the Enterprise.
Web-to-Enterprise. B2B Integration (B2Bi).
How to Succeed with eBI.2. e-Business Concepts and Architecture.
Existing Approaches and Their Limitations.
Point-to-Point File Transfer Systems. Database Gateways. Object Middleware. Message Queuing Middleware.
New Technology Framework for e-Business Integration. The e-Business Integration Architecture.
Transport Integration Layer. Data Integration Layer. Interface Integration Layer. Process Integration Layer.3. e-Business Integration Patterns.
What Are Integration Patterns? Database Replication.
Synchronous Replication. Asynchronous Replication.
Single-Step Application Integration. Multi-Step Application Integration. Brokering Application.
Applications Need to Reuse Logic. Applications Linked by Complex Logic. Applications Unified Through User Interface.
Security. Federated Control. Systems Management.
Data Exchange B2Bi. B2B Process Integration.
Closed Process B2Bi. Open Process B2Bi.
II. E-BUSINESS INTEGRATION TECHNOLOGIES.4. Integration Brokers.
Emergence of Integration Brokers. Essential Elements of an Integration Broker.
Robust Document Model.
Asynchronous Messaging Service.
Asynchronous Messaging. Java Messaging Service.
Content-Based Routing. Data Transformation. Application Interaction.
Session Management. Data Management. Node-Level Processing.
Graphically Driven Tools. Integration Broker Runtime Architecture.
Repository. Transformation Engine. Routing Hub. Messaging Service. Adapters.
Leading Integration Brokers.
New Era of Networks. SAGA Software. STC. webMethods.5. Application Servers.
How Application Servers Emerged. What Exactly Is an Application Server?
Execution of Business Logic. High Performance. Scalability. High Availability. Security Management. Transaction Management. Systems Management. Development Tools and Services.
Application Servers and the J2EE Platform.
The EJB Component Model. J2EE Standard Services.
Using Application Servers for Integration.
Overview of Leading Application Servers. BEA Systems WebLogic Server. Bluestone Software Sapphire. IBM WebSphere. SUN-Netscape Alliance iPlanet.6. Understanding Business Process Integration.
Clarifying Business Process Integration.
Process Modeling. Process Templates. B2B Process Integration. Practical Limitations.
Process Execution. Process Transaction Management. Process Monitoring. Process Auditing.
Process Analysis. Leading Business Process Integration Products.
Alliance Manager (Extricity). WebLogic Process Integrator (BEA Systems). Verve Component Workflow (Versata).7. XML Standards and Integration.
The Emergence of XML. Why the Hype over XML? The XML Standard. What Exactly Is XML?
Element Names Must Conform to XML Conventions. Start Tag Must Have a Corresponding End Tag. Tags Are Case Sensitive. If Included, the XML Declaration Should Begin the Document. XML Document Should Contain Only One Root Element.
XML Validity-Beyond Well-Formed Documents. Enter XML Schemas.
XML Extensibility. New and Improved Data Typing. Leveraged XML Access and Reference Mechanisms. Dynamic Schema Management.
XML Schemas at Work. Accessing and Traversing XML Documents with DOM. The SAX Appeal.8. Leveraging XML for Integration.
The Dawning of XML-Centric Integration.
Networked B2B Communities. The Need for Enterprise Transparency.
What Is XML-Centric Integration? Enterprise Object-Relational Model: XML and Databases. XML-based Transformations: XSLT.
Text-Based Transformation Only. Many-to-Many Transformations. Pattern-Matching Style Transformation Is Limited.
XML-Based Distributed Computing. XML-Based Meta Data.
Application Content Meta Data. Document/Message Schema Meta Data. Integration Rules Meta Data. XML and Meta Data.
XML Integration Model. RosettaNet: An XML-Based Trading Standard. The RosettaNet Model.
RosettaNet PIP. Data Dictionaries. RosettaNet Implementation Framework.9. Using Adapters for Application Data Access.
The Role of Adapters in Integration. Progression of Adapters.
Node-Level Processing. Direct Point-to-Point Interaction.
The Adapter Model
Design Time. Runtime.
Database Access Pattern. Interface File Exchange Pattern. Remote Method Call Pattern. User Interface Protocol Pattern. Socket-Queue Pattern. Transactional Proxy Pattern.
The J2EE Connector Architecture.
How Do J2EE Connectors Work?. Application Server Managing the Resource Adapter.
III. ADAPTING TO APPLICATIONS.10. Interfacing with SAP.
Overview of SAP R/3 Application Suite. SAP R/3 Integration. ALE Overview. IDoc Overview. Working with ALE/IDoc.
Outbound ALE Process. Inbound ALE Process.
Understanding BAPI. Using the SAP-DCOM Interface.
Using DCOM Components on Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS).11. Interfacing with PeopleSoft 8.
Overview of PeopleSoft Internet Architecture. Understanding Open Integration Framework (OIF). Components and Integration Points. Understanding PeopleSoft Application Integration Tools.
Tightly Coupled Inbound Calls to PeopleSoft. Tightly Coupled Outbound Calls from PeopleSoft. Loosely Coupled Inbound and Outbound. File Based Inbound and Outbound.12. Interfacing with Oracle Applications.
Overview of Oracle Applications. Integrating External Systems. Key Integration Requirements.
Data Conversion. Data Extracts. Data Synchronization.
Types of Interfaces. Understanding OIT.
Error Handling with OIT. OIT Execution Flow.
Understanding EDI and XML Interfaces. Understanding OAI. Assessing the Oracle Applications Interfaces.13. Interfacing with Siebel eBusiness 2000.
Overview of Siebel 2000. Siebel Application Architecture.
User Interface Layer. Object Manager Layer. Data Manager Layer.
Understanding Siebel Thin Client Products.
Thin Client for Windows. Java Thin Client. HTML Thin Client.
Siebel Application Integration Strategy. Understanding the Enterprise Integration Manager (EIM). Understanding the Business Integration Manager.14. Interfacing with Legacy Applications.
Why Have These Systems Endured?
Displacement of Legacy Systems Is Costly. Displacement of Legacy Systems Is Risky. Distributed Client/Server Systems Still Don't Measure Up.
Types of Mainframe Application Integration. Understanding IBM Terminal Emulation. Structure of Data Stream. Basic Features of Terminal Emulation.
Display Emulation. Printing. File Transfer. API (Application Programming Interface).
Role of Terminal Emulation in e-Business Integration.
Screen Identification. Flow Management. Session Management. Exception Management.
Modes of Terminal Emulation.
User Mode. Design-Time Mode. Test Mode. Runtime Mode.
IV. E-BUSINESS INTEGRATION PRACTICES.15. e-Business Integration Methodology: Steps to Success.
Why an e-Business Integration Methodology? Phases of the e-Business Integration Methodology.
Strategy Phase. Planning Phase. Implementation Phase. Evaluation Stage.16. Practical Steps for a Successful Integration Project.
Cultivating an Understanding of Priorities. Constructing in Layers.
Process Flow. Application Access. Transformation. Transport.
Profiling Performance Early and Often.
Conducting a Performance Profile. The Cyclical Nature of Performance Profiling.
Building in Resiliency.
Eliminating Single Points of Failure. Isolating Effects of Failure. Minimizing Moving Parts. Implementing Failover Mechanisms.
Embracing Comprehensive Testing.
Component Testing. System Testing. Endurance Testing. Platform Testing. Performance-Scalability Testing. Secondary Scenario Testing.
Addressing Secondary Scenarios. Building with Deployment in Mind.
Building a Traceable System. Instrumenting System Components for Monitoring. Linking to Systems Management Frameworks. Establishing Service-Level Agreements and Testing for Compliance. Building a Deployment and Management Plan Early.Index.