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Fundamentals of LTE

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Fundamentals of LTE

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Description

  • Copyright 2011
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/8"
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-703311-7
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-703311-9
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-703360-5
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-703360-7

The Definitive Guide to LTE Technology

Long-Term Evolution (LTE) is the next step in the GSM evolutionary path beyond 3G technology, and it is strongly positioned to be the dominant global standard for 4G cellular networks. LTE also represents the first generation of cellular networks to be based on a flat IP architecture and is designed to seamlessly support a variety of different services, such as broadband data, voice, and multicast video. Its design incorporates many of the key innovations of digital communication, such as MIMO (multiple input multiple output) and OFDMA (orthogonal frequency division multiple access), that mandate new skills to plan, build, and deploy an LTE network.

In Fundamentals of LTE, four leading experts from academia and industry explain the technical foundations of LTE in a tutorial style—
providing a comprehensive overview of the standards. Following the same approach that made their recent Fundamentals of WiMAX successful, the authors offer a complete framework for understanding and evaluating LTE.

Topics include

  • Cellular wireless history and evolution: Technical advances, market drivers, and foundational networking and communications technologies
  • Multicarrier modulation theory and practice: OFDM system design, peak-to-average power ratios, and SC-FDE solutions
  • Frequency Domain Multiple Access: OFDMA downlinks, SC-FDMA uplinks, resource allocation, and LTE-specific implementation
  • Multiple antenna techniques and tradeoffs: spatial diversity, interference cancellation, spatial multiplexing, and multiuser/networked MIMO
  • LTE standard overview: air interface protocol, channel structure, and physical layers
  • Downlink and uplink transport channel processing: channel encoding, modulation mapping, Hybrid ARQ, multi-antenna processing, and more
  • Physical/MAC layer procedures and scheduling: channel-aware scheduling, closed/open-loop multi-antenna processing, and more
  • Packet flow, radio resource, and mobility management: RLC, PDCP, RRM, and LTE radio access network mobility/handoff procedures

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Designing a Broadband Wireless Network: Overview and Channel Structure of LTE

Sample Pages

Download the sample pages (includes Chapter 6 and Index)

Table of Contents

Foreword         xvii

Preface         xix

Acknowledgments         xxi

About the Authors         xxiii

List of Acronyms         xxv

Chapter 1: Evolution of Cellular Technologies         1

1.1 Introduction   1

1.2 Evolution of Mobile Broadband   3

1.3 The Case for LTE/SAE   23

1.4 Key Enabling Technologies and Features of LTE   28

1.5 LTE Network Architecture   33

1.6 Spectrum Options and Migration Plans for LTE   35

1.7 Future of Mobile Broadband—Beyond LTE   39

1.8 Summary and Conclusions   41

Part I: LTE Tutorials          45

Chapter 2: Wireless Fundamentals          47

2.1 Communication System Building Blocks   47

2.2 The Broadband Wireless Channel: Path Loss and Shadowing   48

2.3 Cellular Systems   56

2.4 The Broadband Wireless Channel: Fading   62

2.5 Modelling Broadband Fading Channels   69

2.6 Mitigation of Narrowband Fading   82

2.7 Mitigation of Broadband Fading   92

2.8 Chapter Summary   94

Chapter 3: Multicarrier Modulation         99

3.1 The Multicarrier Concept   100

3.2 OFDM Basics   103

3.3 OFDM in LTE   109

3.4 Timing and Frequency Synchronization   110

3.5 The Peak-to-Average Ratio   116

3.6 Single-Carrier Frequency Domain Equalization (SC-FDE)   124

3.7 The Computational Complexity Advantage of OFDM and SC-FDE   127

3.8 Chapter Summary   130

Chapter 4: Frequency Domain Multiple Access: OFDMA and SC-FDMA         133

4.1 Multiple Access for OFDM Systems   134

4.2 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA)   138

4.3 Single-Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA)   142

4.4 Multiuser Diversity and Opportunistic Scheduling   144

4.5 OFDMA and SC-FDMA in LTE   152

4.6 OFDMA System Design Considerations   155

4.7 Chapter Summary   160

Chapter 5: Multiple Antenna Transmission and Reception         167

5.1   Spatial Diversity Overview   168

5.2   Receive Diversity   171

5.3   Transmit Diversity   174

5.4   Interference Cancellation Suppression and Signal Enhancement   186

5.5   Spatial Multiplexing 192

5.6   How to Choose Between Diversity, Interference Suppression, and Spatial Multiplexing   200

5.7   Channel Estimation and Feedback for MIMO and MIMO-OFDM   202

5.8   Practical Issues That Limit MIMO Gains   208

5.9   Multiuser and Networked MIMO Systems   209

5.10 An Overview of MIMO in LTE   213

5.11 Chapter Summary   215

Part II: The LTE Standard 225

Chapter 6: Overview and Channel Structure of LTE         227

6.1 Introduction to LTE   228

6.2 Hierarchical Channel Structure of LTE   234

6.3 Downlink OFDMA Radio Resources   241

6.4 Uplink SC-FDMA Radio Resources   251

6.5 Summary and Conclusions   255

Chapter 7: Downlink Transport Channel Processing         257

7.1 Downlink Transport Channel Processing Overview   257

7.2 Downlink Shared Channels   268

7.3 Downlink Control Channels   276

7.4 Broadcast Channels   283

7.5 Multicast Channels   284

7.6 Downlink Physical Signals   285

7.7 H-ARQ in the Downlink   290

7.8 Summary and Conclusions   293

Chapter 8: Uplink Transport Channel Processing         295

8.1 Uplink Transport Channel Processing Overview   296

8.2 Uplink Shared Channels   298

8.3 Uplink Control Information   301

8.4 Uplink Reference Signals   309

8.5 Random Access Channels   313

8.6 H-ARQ in the Uplink   315

8.7 Summary and Conclusions   317

Chapter 9: Physical Layer Procedures and Scheduling         319

9.1   Hybrid-ARQ Feedback   319

9.2   Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) Feedback   322

9.3   Precoder for Closed-Loop MIMO Operations   333

9.4   Uplink Channel Sounding   337

9.5   Buffer Status Reporting in Uplink   337

9.6   Scheduling and Resource Allocation   339

9.7   Semi-persistent Scheduling for VoIP   344

9.8   Cell Search 346

9.9   Random Access Procedures 348

9.10 Power Control in Uplink 350

9.11 Summary and Conclusions 352

Chapter 10: Data Flow, Radio Resource Management, and Mobility Management         355

10.1 PDCP Overview   359

10.2 MAC/RLC Overview   363

10.3 RRC Overview   369

10.4 Mobility Management   371

10.5 Inter-cell Interference Coordination   377

10.6 Summary and Conclusions   380

Index          383

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