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Free Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today's Networks

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Free Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today's Networks


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  • Copyright 2002
  • Dimensions: 7-3/8" x 9-1/8"
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-672-32248-X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-672-32248-8

Free Space Optics will begin with the fundamentals of the technology before launching into FSO topologies, deployment issues, applications, and case studies.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Making Free-Space Optics Work

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with a Summary.)


1. Introduction to Free-Space Optics.

Alternative Bandwidth Technologies. Fiber Versus FSO. The Role of FSO in the Network. Sources.

2. Fundamentals of FSO Technology.

How FSO Works: An Overview. Transmitters. Receivers. Optical Subsystems. Tracking and Acquisition. Link Margin Analysis.

3. Factors Affecting FSO.

Transmission of IR Signals Through the Atmosphere. The Impact of Weather. Line of Sight (LOS). Other Factors Affecting FSO. Selecting the Transmission Wavelength. Sources.

4. Integration of FSO in Optical Networks.

The Optical Networking Revolution. Benefits of Next-Generation Optical Networking. Classifying the Global Optical Network. Driving FSO from the Edge. FSO in Metropolitan Optical Networks.

5. The FSO Market.

The Telecommunications Market. Characteristics of the FSO Market. The Business Case for FSO. International Telecom Market. Sources.

6. Installation of Free-Space Optical Systems.

Obtaining the Site Survey. Infrastructure Installation. Verifying the Link. Maintaining and Supporting the System.

7. Free-Space Optics and Laser Safety.

Lasers and Eyes. Laser Safety Regulations. Laser Classification. Power Limitations for the New IEC60825-1 (2) Standard. Methods to Ensure Eye Safety. Bibliography.

8. Service Provider Issues.

The Shift to Carrier Class. Characteristics of Carrier Class FSO.

9. Alternative Access Technologies.

Digital Subscriber Lines. Cable Modems. Power Lines Communication (PLC). LMDS. MMDS. Unlicensed Microwave Systems. Fiber Access. FSO Versus the Alternatives.

10. The Outlook for FSO.

Service Providers, Business Customers, and Residential Customers. Moving to the Edge and Residential Areas. Environment and Community. The Competitive Landscape.

Appendix A. Frequently Asked Questions.

Appendix B. Laser Safety Resources.

Safety and Compliance Standards for Manufacturers. Laser Safety Standards for Users. Laser Safety Standards Organizations.




Updates & Corrections

The figure that appears on the inside front cover of the book and in figure 3.1, "International Visibility Codes for Weather Conditions and Precipitation," was used by permission of Isaac Kim, Director of Research, Optical Access.

Chapter 6, "Installation of Free-Space Optical Systems," was co-authored by Baksheesh Ghuman and Peter Schoon.

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