Financial innovation can drive social, economic, and environmental change, transforming ideas into new technologies, industries, and jobs. But when it is misunderstood or mismanaged, the consequences can be severe. In this practical, accessible book, two leading experts explain how sophisticated capital structures can enable companies and individuals to raise funding in larger amounts for longer terms and at lower cost—accomplishing tasks that would otherwise be impossible.
The authors recount the history and basic principles of financial innovation, showing how new instruments have evolved, and how they have been used and misused. They thoroughly demystify complex capital structures, offering a practical toolbox for entrepreneurs, corporate executives, and policymakers.
Financing the Future presents clear, thorough discussions of the current role of financial innovation in capitalizing businesses, industries, breakthrough technologies, housing solutions, medical treatments, and environmental projects. It also presents a full chapter of lessons learned: essential insights for stabilizing the economy and avoiding pitfalls.
Distinguishing genuine innovation from dangerous copycats
Crafting sustainable financial innovations that add value and manage risk
The best tools for the job: choosing them, customizing them, using them
Selecting the right instruments and structures, and making the most of them
Financial innovations for business, housing, and medical research
Finding new and better ways to promote entrepreneurship and advance social goals
Innovating to save the planet and help humanity
The power of finance to protect natural resources and alleviate global poverty
This is the first in a new series of books on financial innovation, published through a collaboration between Wharton School Publishing and the Milken Institute. Future titles will focus on specific policy areas such as housing and medical research.
The Milken Institute is an independent economic think tank whose mission is to improve the lives and economic conditions of diverse populations in the United States and around the world by helping business and public policy leaders identify and implement innovative ideas for creating broad-based prosperity. It puts research to work with the goal of revitalizing regions and finding new ways to generate capital for people with original ideas.
About the Authors ix
About Milken Institute xi
Chapter 1 The Evolution of Finance 1
Chapter 2 A Framework for Financial Innovation: Managing Capital Structure 27
Chapter 3 Innovations in Business Finance 51
Chapter 4 Innovations in Housing Finance 85
Chapter 5 Environmental Finance: Innovating to Save the Planet 117
Chapter 6 Financing the Developing World 149
Chapter 7 Financing Cures 185
Chapter 8 Six Cardinal Rules of Financial Innovation 215
Appendix The Black-Scholes Formula 225