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CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 Cert Guide, Academic Edition, 2nd Edition

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CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 Cert Guide, Academic Edition, 2nd Edition


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  • Copyright 2018
  • Dimensions: 8" x 10"
  • Pages: 600
  • Edition: 2nd
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-7897-5912-8
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-7897-5912-2

Learn, prepare, and practice for CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 exam success with this CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 Cert Guide, Academic Edition from Pearson IT Certification, a leader in IT Certification learning. The companion website features three complete practice exams, complete video solutions to hands-on labs, plus interactive flash-based simulations that include drag-and-drop and matching to reinforce the learning.

· Master the CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 exam topics

· Assess your knowledge with chapter-ending quizzes

· Reinforce your knowledge of key concepts with chapter review activities

· Practice with realistic exam questions online

· Includes complete video solutions to hands-on labs, plus interactive simulations on key exam topics

· Work through Flash Cards in Q&A and glossary term format

· Includes free access to the Premium Edition eBook

CompTIA Security+ SY0-501 Cert Guide, Academic Edition includes video solutions to the hands-on labs, practice tests, and interactive simulations that let the reader learn by doing. Best-selling author and expert instructor David L. Prowse shares preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing your understanding and retention of exam topics.

The book presents you with an organized test-preparation routine through the use of proven series elements and techniques. Exam topic lists make referencing easy. Chapter review activities help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly. Review questions help you assess your knowledge, and a final preparation chapter guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your approach to passing the exam.

The companion Academic Edition website contains the powerful Pearson Test Prep practice test engine, with three complete practice exams and hundreds of exam-realistic questions and free access to the Premium Edition eBook. The assessment engine offers you a wealth of customization options and reporting features, laying out a complete assessment of your knowledge to help you focus your study where it is needed most. Work through Flash Cards in Q&A and glossary term format to help reinforce your knowledge of key concepts and facts. The Academic Edition companion site also includes complete video solutions to hands-on labs in the book and interactive simulations on key exam topics to reinforce the learning by doing. Learn activities such as testing password strength, matching the type of malware with its definition, finding security issues in the network map, and disallowing a user to access the network on Saturday and Sunday.

Well regarded for its level of detail, assessment features, and challenging review questions and exercises, this CompTIA study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that will allow you to succeed on the exam the first time.

The CompTIA study guide helps you master all the topics on the Security+ exam, including

· Core computer system security

· OS hardening and virtualization

· Application security

· Network design elements and threats

· Perimeter security

· Network media and devices security

· Physical security and authentication models

· Access control

· Vulnerability and risk assessment

· Monitoring and auditing

· Cryptography, including PKI

· Redundancy and disaster recovery

· Policies and procedures

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Introduction xxii

Chapter 1 Introduction to Security 2

Foundation Topics 3

Security 101 3

The CIA of Computer Security 3

The Basics of Information Security 4

Think Like a Hacker 6

Threat Actor Types and Attributes 7

Chapter Review Activities 9

Chapter 2 Computer Systems Security Part I 12

Foundation Topics 13

Malicious Software Types 13

Viruses 13

Worms 14

Trojan Horses 14

Ransomware 15

Spyware 15

Rootkits 16

Spam 16

Summary of Malware Threats 17

Delivery of Malware 17

Via Software, Messaging, and Media 18

Botnets and Zombies 19

Active Interception 19

Privilege Escalation 19

Backdoors 19

Logic Bombs 20

Preventing and Troubleshooting Malware 20

Preventing and Troubleshooting Viruses 20

Preventing and Troubleshooting Worms and Trojans 23

Preventing and Troubleshooting Spyware 24

Preventing and Troubleshooting Rootkits 25

Preventing and Troubleshooting Spam 26

You Can’t Save Every Computer from Malware! 27

Summary of Malware Prevention Techniques 27

Chapter Review Activities 29

Chapter 3 Computer Systems Security Part II 34

Foundation Topics 35

Implementing Security Applications 35

Personal Software Firewalls 35

Host-Based Intrusion Detection Systems 36

Pop-Up Blockers 38

Data Loss Prevention Systems 38

Securing Computer Hardware and Peripherals 39

Securing the BIOS 39

Securing Storage Devices 41

Removable Storage 41

Network Attached Storage 41

Whole Disk Encryption 42

Hardware Security Modules 43

Securing Wireless Peripherals 43

Securing Mobile Devices 44

Malware 44

Botnet Activity 45

SIM Cloning and Carrier Unlocking 45

Wireless Attacks 46

Theft 46

Application Security 47

BYOD Concerns 49

Chapter Review Activities 53

Chapter 4 OS Hardening and Virtualization 58

Foundation Topics 59

Hardening Operating Systems 59

Removing Unnecessary Applications and Services 59

Windows Update, Patches, and Hotfixes 65

Patches and Hotfixes 66

Patch Management 68

Group Policies, Security Templates, and Configuration Baselines 69

Hardening File Systems and Hard Drives 71

Virtualization Technology 74

Types of Virtualization and Their Purposes 74

Hypervisor 75

Securing Virtual Machines 76

Chapter Review Activities 79

Chapter 5 Application Security 86

Foundation Topics 87

Securing the Browser 87

General Browser Security Procedures 88

Implement Policies 88

Train Your Users 90

Use a Proxy and Content Filter 91

Secure Against Malicious Code 92

Web Browser Concerns and Security Methods 92

Basic Browser Security 92

Cookies 92

LSOs 93

Add-ons 94

Advanced Browser Security 94

Securing Other Applications 95

Secure Programming 99

Software Development Life Cycle 99

Core SDLC and DevOps Principles 100

Programming Testing Methods 102

White-box and Black-box Testing 102

Compile-Time Errors Versus Runtime Errors 102

Input Validation 103

Static and Dynamic Code Analysis 104

Fuzz Testing 104

Programming Vulnerabilities and Attacks 104

Backdoors 105

Memory/Buffer Vulnerabilities 105

Arbitrary Code Execution/Remote Code Execution 106

XSS and XSRF 107

More Code Injection Examples 107

Directory Traversal 109

Zero Day Attack 109

Chapter Review Activities 111

Chapter 6 Network Design Elements 118

Foundation Topics 119

Network Design 119

The OSI Model 119

Network Devices 120

Switch 120

Bridge 122

Router 122

Network Address Translation, and Private Versus Public IP 123

Network Zones and Interconnections 125

LAN Versus WAN 125

Internet 126

Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) 126

Intranets and Extranets 127

Network Access Control (NAC) 128

Subnetting 128

Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) 130

Telephony 131

Modems 131

PBX Equipment 132

VoIP 132

Cloud Security and Server Defense 133

Cloud Computing 133

Cloud Security 135

Server Defense 137

File Servers 137

Network Controllers 137

E-mail Servers 138

Web Servers 139

FTP Server 140

Chapter Review Activities 142

Chapter 7 Networking Protocols and Threats 148

Foundation Topics 149

Ports and Protocols 149

Port Ranges, Inbound Versus Outbound, and Common Ports 149

Protocols That Can Cause Anxiety on the Exam 155

Malicious Attacks 155

DoS 155

DDoS 158

Sinkholes and Blackholes 158

Spoofing 159

Session Hijacking 159

Replay 161

Null Sessions 161

Transitive Access and Client-Side Attacks 162

DNS Poisoning and Other DNS Attacks 162

ARP Poisoning 164

Summary of Network Attacks 164

Chapter Review Activities 167

Chapter 8 Network Perimeter Security 174

Foundation Topics 175

Firewalls and Network Security 175

Firewalls 175

Proxy Servers 179

Honeypots and Honeynets 181

Data Loss Prevention (DLP) 182

NIDS Versus NIPS 183

NIDS 183

NIPS 184

Summary of NIDS Versus NIPS 185

The Protocol Analyzer’s Role in NIDS and NIPS 185

Unified Threat Management 186

Chapter Review Activities 187

Chapter 9 Securing Network Media and Devices 194

Foundation Topics 195

Securing Wired Networks and Devices 195

Network Device Vulnerabilities 195

Default Accounts 195

Weak Passwords 195

Privilege Escalation 196

Back Doors 197

Network Attacks 197

Other Network Device Considerations 197

Cable Media Vulnerabilities 198

Interference 198

Crosstalk 199

Data Emanation 199

Tapping into Data and Conversations 200

Securing Wireless Networks 201

Wireless Access Point Vulnerabilities 202

The Administration Interface 202

SSID Broadcast 202

Rogue Access Points 202

Evil Twin 203

Weak Encryption 203

Wi-Fi Protected Setup 205

Ad Hoc Networks 205

VPN over Open Wireless 205

Wireless Access Point Security Strategies 205

Wireless Transmission Vulnerabilities 208

Bluetooth and Other Wireless Technology Vulnerabilities 209

Bluejacking 209

Bluesnarfing 210

RFID and NFC 210

More Wireless Technologies 210

Chapter Review Activities 212

Chapter 10 Physical Security and Authentication Models 218

Foundation Topics 219

Physical Security 219

General Building and Server Room Security 219

Door Access 220

Biometric Readers 221

Authentication Models and Components 222

Authentication Models 222

Localized Authentication Technologies 224

802.1X and EAP 224

LDAP 226

Kerberos and Mutual Authentication 227

Remote Desktop Services 229

Remote Authentication Technologies 230

Remote Access Service 230

Virtual Private Networks 231


Chapter Review Activities 236

Chapter 11 Access Control Methods and Models 244

Foundation Topics 245

Access Control Models Defined 245

Discretionary Access Control 245

Mandatory Access Control 246

Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) 247

Attribute-based Access Control (ABAC) 248

Access Control Wise Practices 249

Rights, Permissions, and Policies 250

Users, Groups, and Permissions 251

Permission Inheritance and Propagation 255

Moving and Copying Folders and Files 256

Usernames and Passwords 256

Policies 258

User Account Control (UAC) 261

Chapter Review Activities 262

Chapter 12 Vulnerability and Risk Assessment 270

Foundation Topics 271

Conducting Risk Assessments 271

Qualitative Risk Assessment 272

Quantitative Risk Assessment 273

Security Analysis Methodologies 274

Security Controls 275

Vulnerability Management 276

Penetration Testing 277

OVAL 279

Additional Vulnerabilities 279

Assessing Vulnerability with Security Tools 280

Network Mapping 280

Vulnerability Scanning 282

Network Sniffing 283

Password Analysis 284

Chapter Review Activities 287

Chapter 13 Monitoring and Auditing 294

Foundation Topics 295

Monitoring Methodologies 295

Signature-Based Monitoring 295

Anomaly-Based Monitoring 295

Behavior-Based Monitoring 296

Using Tools to Monitor Systems and Networks 296

Performance Baselining 297

Protocol Analyzers 299

Wireshark 299

SNMP 301

Analytical Tools 302

Use Static and Dynamic Tools 304

Conducting Audits 304

Auditing Files 305

Logging 306

Log File Maintenance and Security 310

Auditing System Security Settings 311

SIEM 314

Chapter Review Activities 315

Chapter 14 Encryption and Hashing Concepts 322

Foundation Topics 323

Cryptography Concepts 323

Symmetric Versus Asymmetric Key Algorithms 326

Symmetric Key Algorithms 326

Asymmetric Key Algorithms 327

Public Key Cryptography 327

Key Management 328

Steganography 328

Encryption Algorithms 329

DES and 3DES 329

AES 329

RC 330

Blowfish and Twofish 331

Summary of Symmetric Algorithms 331

RSA 331

Diffie-Hellman 333

Elliptic Curve 333

More Encryption Types 334

One-Time Pad 334

PGP 335

Pseudorandom Number Generators 336

Hashing Basics 336

Cryptographic Hash Functions 337

MD5 338

SHA 338


LANMAN, NTLM, and NTLMv2 339


NTLM and NTLMv2 340

Hashing Attacks 341

Pass the Hash 341

Happy Birthday! 341

Additional Password Hashing Concepts 342

Chapter Review Activities 343

Chapter 15 PKI and Encryption Protocols 350

Foundation Topics 351

Public Key Infrastructure 351

Certificates 351

SSL Certificate Types 352

Single-Sided and Dual-Sided Certificates 352

Certificate Chain of Trust 352

Certificate Formats 352

Certificate Authorities 353

Web of Trust 356

Security Protocols 356

S/MIME 357


SSH 359

PPTP, L2TP, and IPsec 359

PPTP 359

L2TP 359

IPsec 360

Chapter Review Activities 361

Chapter 16 Redundancy and Disaster Recovery 368

Foundation Topics 369

Redundancy Planning 369

Redundant Power 370

Redundant Power Supplies 371

Uninterruptible Power Supplies 371

Backup Generators 372

Redundant Data 374

Redundant Networking 376

Redundant Servers 377

Redundant Sites 378

Redundant People 379

Disaster Recovery Planning and Procedures 379

Data Backup 379

DR Planning 382

Chapter Review Activities 385

Chapter 17 Social Engineering, User Education, and Facilities Security 390

Foundation Topics 391

Social Engineering 391

Pretexting 391

Malicious Insider 391

Diversion Theft 392

Phishing 392

Hoaxes 393

Shoulder Surfing 394

Eavesdropping 394

Dumpster Diving 394

Baiting 394

Piggybacking/Tailgating 394

Watering Hole Attack 395

Summary of Social Engineering Types 395

User Education 396

Facilities Security 398

Fire Suppression 398

Fire Extinguishers 398

Sprinkler Systems 399

Special Hazard Protection Systems 399

HVAC 400

Shielding 401

Vehicles 402

Chapter Review Activities 404

Chapter 18 Policies and Procedures 410

Foundation Topics 411

Legislative and Organizational Policies 411

Data Sensitivity and Classification of Information 411

Personnel Security Policies 413

Privacy Policies 414

Acceptable Use 414

Change Management 414

Separation of Duties/Job Rotation 415

Mandatory Vacations 415

Onboarding and Offboarding 415

Due Diligence 416

Due Care 416

Due Process 416

User Education and Awareness Training 416

Summary of Personnel Security Policies 417

How to Deal with Vendors 417

How to Dispose of Computers and Other IT Equipment Securely 419

Incident Response Procedures 420

IT Security Frameworks 424

Chapter Review Activities 426

Chapter 19 Taking the Real Exam 432

Getting Ready and the Exam Preparation Checklist 432

Tips for Taking the Real Exam 435

Beyond the CompTIA Security+ Certification 438

Practice Exam 1: SY0-501 440

Glossary 458

Elements Available Online

Appendix A: Answers to the Review Questions

Answers to Practice Exam 1

View Recommended Resources

Real-World Scenarios

Flash Cards

9780789759122 TOC 10/31/2017



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