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Renewable Energy Technology for Engineers: Principles, Generation, Storage, Economics, and More
The future requires substantial growth in renewable energy systems in order to address carbon emissions and climate change, while still improving human life. To meet this challenge, many engineers and other technical professionals need new theoretical and practical knowledge, including greater familiarity with current and emerging renewable technologies.
In Chemical Processes in Renewable Energy Systems, Dr. Vivek Utgikar introduces the fundamental principles, transformations, and applications associated with each leading form of renewable energy. Writing for engineering students and practitioners, Utgikar covers solar, biomass, hydro, wind, ocean, and geothermal energy, as well as hybrid systems that integrate generation with storage. He also introduces essential principles of techno-economic analysis, to clarify issues that will continue to inform policy concerning renewable energy systems.
Utgikar discusses state-of-the-art, recent developments, as well as enduring scientific and technological principles and transformations, and provides complete references to encourage deeper exploration. The resulting text will help you quickly get up to date and then stay up to date as technological, social, and economic factors evolve.
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About the Author xxiii
Chapter 1: Introduction to Energy Systems 1
1.1 Energy and Society 1
1.2 Energy System Architecture 3
1.3 Evolution of Energy Systems 5
1.4 Future Energy Systems: Growth of Renewables 15
1.5 Summary 17
Chapter 2: Renewable Energy Sources 21
2.1 Primary Renewable Energy Sources 21
2.2 Transformations of Primary Renewable Energy Sources 32
2.3 Summary 41
Chapter 3: Transformations and Chemical Processes in Solar Energy Systems 45
3.1 Solar Thermal (CSP) Systems 45
3.2 Solar PV Systems 59
3.3 Summary 77
Chapter 4: Transformations and Chemical Processes in Biomass Energy Systems 83
4.1 Biomass Characteristics 84
4.2 Biomass Pretreatment 94
4.3 Biomass Transformations 103
4.4 Summary 123
Chapter 5: Transformations and Chemical Processes in Mechanical, Geothermal, and Ocean Energy Systems 131
5.1 Transformations of Mechanical Energy 132
5.2 Transformations of Geothermal Energy 138
5.3 Transformations of Ocean Energy 146
5.4 Summary 170
Chapter 6: Hybrid Energy Systems 177
6.1 Intermittency in Renewable Energy Systems:Causes and Impacts 178
6.2 HES: Definition and Architecture 180
6.3 Energy Storage: Fundamentals and Alternatives 184
6.4 Separations and Processes in Chemical Energy Storage 193
6.5 Separations and Processes in TES 223
6.6 Summary 230
Chapter 7: Techno-Economic Analysis of Renewable Energy Systems 239
7.1 Current Status of Renewable Energy Systems 239
7.2 Economics and Energy Balance of Energy Systems 245
7.3 Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy Systems 253
7.4 Role of Public Policy in Energy Transitions 259
7.5 Summary 267
Epilogue and the Path Forward 273
Appendix A: Conversion Factors and Constants 275
Appendix B: Thermodynamic Power Cycles: A Primer 279