Home > Store

Building N1: Grid Solutions: Preparing, Architecting, and Implementing Service-Centric Data Centers

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

Building N1: Grid Solutions: Preparing, Architecting, and Implementing Service-Centric Data Centers


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale



Emerging virtualized, service-centric IT architectures–Shows how to treat the data center as a single, unified system for cost-effective management, better utilization, and greater responsiveness.

~Gives students a deep understanding of the new virtualized, service-centric paradigm that represents the future of IT infrastructure.

Breakthroughs in IT utilization, cost reduction, and strategic flexibility–Offers a start-to-finish strategy and tactics for delivering greater value from existing infrastructure while enhancing organizational flexibility.

~Prepares students to address the difficult business problems that will be central to life in tomorrow’s IT organizations.

End-to-end service provider case study–Walks through N1 planning and implementation in one of the world’s most complex business and technical environments: a Fortune 100 telecommunications service provider

~Helps students understand the realities of N1 implementation in complex real-world environments.

N1 vision, strategy, architecture, and products–Covers everything students need to know to assess, plan, and implement N1, or compare it with competitive approaches.

~Prepares students to participate in any facet of an N1 deployment project, and to help manage N1 after it has been deployed.

Complementary business and technical coverage–Covers both the business drivers and technical challenges associated with N1 decision-making and deployment, mapping technical coverage to specific business challenges.

~Helps students understand why organizations might deploy N1, and how to ensure that N1 deployments solve the business problems they’re intended to address.

Infrastructure, application, and data center optimization–Shows how to use N1 to optimize every key element of an organization’s IT environment.

~Addresses many of the most crucial efficiency and productivity challenges tomorrow’s IT organizations will face.

Part of The Sun BluePrints Series–Designed to empower IT professionals with the Sun technical knowledge and best practices they need to implement reliable, extensible, and secure datacenter information systems.

~Provides best practices and accurate, carefully-reviewed technical information that students can rely upon.


  • Copyright 2005
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/4"
  • Pages: 336
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-148201-7
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-148201-2

The N1 Grid is Sun's vision, strategy, and architecture—and a set of products—that redefine the nature of data center computing. The N1 Grid architecture uses the network, physically and logically, as its fundamental organizing principle.

This book enables the reader to implement service-centric data center solutions through the use of N1 Grid-based principles and architectures, which are more efficient and flexible. It opens with an overview of how this approach evolved and then takes the reader through the process of preparing, architecting, and implementing N1 Grid-based solutions.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Building N1™ Grid Solutions: Realizing the Vision

Downloadable Sample Chapter

Download the Sample Chapter related to this title.

Table of Contents


Foreword: Scaling the Tidal Wave.




    Audience for This Book.

    How This Book Is Organized.

    Typographic Conventions.

    Accessing Sun Documentation.

    Sun Welcomes Your Comments.


1. Context for the Vision.

    Business Imperatives.

    Technology Problems.

    The Evolution of Enterprise Computing.

    Moving Toward the N1 Grid Architecture.

2. Vision and Strategy.

    Strategic Rationale.

    From Server-Centric Applications to Network-Centric Services.

    From a Network of Discrete Systems to a Fabric of Resources.

    Service-Centric Architectures.

    Managing Deployments.

    Systemic Solution.

    The Systemic Approach.


3. Realizing the Vision.

    Properties of an N1 Grid System.

    N1 Grid Operating Environment.

    Heterogeneity Within N1 Grid Systems.

    Functional Breakdown.


    Service-Centric Management.

    Workload-to-Resources Mapping.


    Provisioning Services.

    Virtualization and Provisioning Examples.

    Provisioning a Service Component on an Existing Operating System.

    Provisioning a Service Component as Part of a Complete Bootable Image.

    N1 Grid Systems Realized.

    Route to the N1 Grid Solutions.

    Value of N1 Grid Systems.



4. Definition and Preparation.

    Implications of Implementing N1 Grid Solutions.

    SunTone Architecture Methodology.




    Systemic Qualities.

    Additional SunTone AM Principles.

    Use Case Focused.


    Iterative and Incremental.

    People, Processes, and Tools.

    N1 Grid Architecture Considerations.

    Infrastructure Virtualization Impact.

    Historical Impact.

    Elements of Infrastructure Virtualization.

    Compute Element Virtualization.

    Network Virtualization.

    Storage Virtualization.

    Implementation Combinations.

    Preparation for Infrastructure Virtualization.

    Common Namespaces.

    Solaris Container Model.

    Data Security.

    Foundation Services.

    Application Provisioning.

    Dependencies and Use Cases.

    Resource Managers.

    Security and Trust Models.


    Mobility Business Decisions and Control Fabric.

    Foundation Services.

    Preparation for Increased Service Density.

    Business Drivers and Feedback Loop.

    Dependencies and Use Cases.

    Resource Management.

    Capacity and Performance Measurements.

    Operational Management Capabilities Model.


5. Measurable Requirements.

    Traceable Requirements.

    SMART Requirements.

    Use Cases.

    CTQ Measurements.

    OMCM Tool Framework.

    Example CTQs.

    New Systems.

    Time to Market.

    Increased Availability.

    Cost Measurements.

    Measuring Utilization.

    Regulatory Measurements.

    Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity.

    Desire to Implement N1 Grid Solutions.

    Change Acceptance.

    Benefits for People.

    Benefits for Processes.

    Benefits for Technology.

    Service Life Cycle Measurements.

    Testing Structure to Prove SLRs.

    Operational Maturity Measurements.

    People Management.

    Process Management.

    Policy Measurements.

    Security Measurements.


6. Analysis.

    Target Analysis.

    Brownfield or Greenfield.

    Heterogeneous or Specific Environments.


    Architectural Improvement.

    Efficiency Approach.

    Chaos Resolution With Efficiency.

    Proactive Organization.

    Service Management Efficiency.

    Policy and Environment Usage.

    Architectural Engagement Improvement Approach.

    Horizontal Engagement Analysis Points.

    Vertical Engagement Analysis Points.

    "Ilities" Engagement Analysis Points.

    Opportunity Engagement Analysis Points.

    Strategic Approach.

    Blade Servers.


    Testing and Development Environment.

    Application Server Farm.

    Service Creation.

    Increased Density.

    Utility Computing.

    Grid Computing.



7. Strategic Flexibility.

    Strategic Business Value.

    IT Efficiency and Strategic Flexibility.

    Leverage and OMCM.

    Architecture and Strategic Flexibility.

    SunTone Architecture Methodology.

    KBDs and CTQs.

    Immediate Return on Investment.

    Use Cases.

    Functional Requirements.

    Applied Architecture.

    Technical Requirements.


    Iterative Approach.

    Beginning the Transition.

    Future of Strategic Flexibility.

    Utility Computing.

    Grid Computing.

    Policy-Based Management.


8. Infrastructure Optimization.

    Building Infrastructure Optimization.

    Common Platforms.

    Goals and Benefits of Common Platforms.

    Enforced Standards.

    Goals and Benefits.

    Example of Enforced Standards.

    Modular Deployments.

    Building Modules.

    Deploying Modules Horizontally.

    Deploying Modules Vertically.

    Wire Once, Deploy Forever.

    Virtualizing the Infrastructure.

    Compute Components.

    Network Components.

    Storage Components.

    Virtualization Examples.

     N1 Grid Provisioning Server.

    N1 Grid Data Services Platform.

    Provisioning the Infrastructure.

    Saving Costs.

    Automatic Infrastructure Optimization.

    Basic Automated Operating System Provisioning.

    Image-Based Operating System Provisioning.

    Comprehensive Heterogeneous Infrastructure Provisioning.

    Automatic Infrastructure Provisioning Examples.

    Basic Provisioning Example.

    Image-Based Provisioning Example.

    Comprehensive Provisioning Example.

    Application Provisioning.


9. Application Optimization.

    Understanding Applications, Middleware, and Services.

    What Is an Application?

    What Is Middleware?

    What Is a Service?

    Building Application Optimization.

    Virtualizing the Application.

    Why Virtualization?

    Vertical Virtualization.

    Horizontal Virtualization.

    Vertical and Horizontal Virtualization Examples.

    Vertical Virtualization with N1 Grid Containers.

    Horizontal Virtualization with the N1 Grid Engine.

    Horizontal and Vertical Virtualization with the Sun Cluster Software.

    Provisioning the Application.

    Automated Deployment.

    Components and Plans.

    Observability Integration.

    N1 Grid Service Provisioning System.

    Object Model Components.

    Object Model Plans.


10. Data Center Optimization.

    The Dynamic Data Center.

    Strategic Flexibility.

    Build Automation.

    Deployment Automation.

    Optimization and Flexing.

    Observability and Optimization.


    Opportunities for Strategic Flexibility.

    Service Life Cycle Mobility.

    Increasing and Reducing Application Density.

    Service Promotion and Life Cycle Management.

    Increasing Utilization Using the N1 Grid Software.

    Road Map to Data Center Optimization.


    Build Automation.

    Deployment Automation.


    IT Management and the N1 Grid Software.

    Operators to System Administrators.

    System Administrators to Architects.

    Architects to Pattern Developers.

    Strategic Flexibility and the N1 Grid Software.

    Comparing Operational Efficiency with Strategic Flexibility.

    N1 Grid Data Services Platform.

    N1 Grid Provisioning Server.

    N1 Grid Containers.

    N1 Grid Service Provisioning System.


11. Virtualized Service-Centric IT Environment.

    Utility Computing.

    Service Utility.

    Utility Transformation.

    Utility Computing Enabling.

    Business Changes for Utility Computing.

    Utility Technologies and the N1 Grid Software.

    Analysis with Utility Computing.

    Service Level Management with Utility Computing.

    Consolidation with Utility Computing.

    Standards for the Next Decade.

    Grid Computing.

    Grid Architecture.

    Sun Systems and the Grid.

    Web Services and the Grid.

    Grid Applications Using the N1 Grid Software.

    Grids and Policies.

    Policy-Based Computing.

    Feedback Loop.


    Sensors and Observability.


    Policy-Based Computing and the N1 Grid Software.

    Capturing and Describing Policy.

    Preparing for Policy in the Data Center.



12. Telecom Case Study.

    Case Study Methodology.

    Business Drivers.

    Technical Drivers.


    Project Requirements.

    Metrics and Measurement.


    Project Risks.

    N1 Grid System Implementation.

    Infrastructure Optimization and the Sun Management Center Software.

    Application Optimization.

    Strategic Flexibility.


13. Implementation Products.

    N1 Grid Data Services Platform.

    N1 Grid Storage Architecture.

    The Promise and the Reality of Virtualization.

    Intelligent Storage Platform.

    N1 Grid Provisioning Server.

    Creation and Configuration of Server Farms.


    Software Image Management and Distribution.

    N1 Grid Containers.

    Solaris OS Resource Manager.

    Workload Classification.

    Centralized Management.

    Resource Controls.

    Differentiated Services.

    Resource Accounting.

    Ease of Use.

    Solaris OS Container Strategy.

    N1 Grid Service Provisioning System.

    Complexity Management.

    Application Awareness.


A. Enterprise Installation Standard.

B. References.




Scaling the Tidal Wave

The challenge we all face is comparable to scaling a tidal wave. It's that big and that kinetic.

We've already moved from a network of computers to a network of things that embed computers—wireless phones, two-way pagers, and other handsets, plus game players, teller machines, and automobiles. In short, billions of potential connections.

We are now beginning to build a network of things. Trillions of things. Things you'd hardly think of as computers—so-called "sub-IP" devices such as environmental sensors and radio frequency identification tags.

Soon, we'll be adding miniature ID tags to all kinds of products so that we can instantly discover not only the price of the item, but where and when it was made, how it was delivered, and a host of other useful data. In fact, such tags promise to enhance the efficiency of the whole supply chain, from maker to user to recycler. One of the interesting side effects will be a shift in the flow of information. Right now, most information flows outward on the Internet to end users. In the future, more information will flow back to the data center, much in the way a pit crew gathers telemetry from a race car today.

But, the unprecedented scale of this "network of things" raises serious concerns. How on earth is anyone supposed to manage all of the devices, all of the data, and all of the infrastructure?

Building N1 Grid™ Solutions provides a solution, a way to turn your data center into a single pool of resources that can be dynamically allocated. The aim of the N1 Grid technology is to automate change management, reduce complexity, better utilize resources, and lower total cost of ownership. What's more, N1 Grid solutions will make it possible to take distributed applications from concept to wide-scale deployment far more quickly.

With this new architecture, computers will not attach to networks, they will be built from networks. This shift enables you to operate on a radically higher scale—10,000-plus microprocessors, exabytes of storage, terabits of bandwidth, and billions of IP connections.

All of which will be imperative if you don't want to find yourself eating sand when the tidal wave hits.

Greg Papadopoulos
Chief Technology Officer
Sun Microsystems, Inc.


Download the Index file related to this title.


Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020