Home > Store

Building High Availability Windows Server 2003 Solutions

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

Building High Availability Windows Server 2003 Solutions


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale



The definitive guide for all network administrators on how to keep their Windows network up and running smoothly all day every day.

° While high availability is a topic of increasing importance to Windows administrators, there is very little information available about it

° Solutions presented are taken from real production deployments

° Covers all high-availability scenarios in load balancing and clustering, with extensive coverage of monitoring, performance, and operations management


  • Copyright 2005
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/4"
  • Pages: 504
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-321-22878-2
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-321-22878-9

Over the last year many companies and government organizations beganmigrating from platforms such as UNIX to the Windows 2003 platform tohave a high performance system that is available 24X7. However, theseorganizations face a huge learning curve on how best to set up highperformance Windows Server 2003 networks for maximum availability andpower. This book provides a clear and concise road map on keeping systemsup 24X7 with the Windows platform. It delves into topics that explain how touse Windows Server 2003 technology for scalability, uptime, performance, andmanagement, and how to avoid getting in trouble at the same time. This bookanswers questions network administrators ask such as, "Should we cluster, loadbalance, or both? Or should we invest in hot standbys? What works best?"After providing answers, Shapiro goes beyond discussing failover and faulttolerance to explaining monitoring, disaster recovery, and choosing the righttechnology to achieve maximum availability and high performance. This is thefirst book that not only provides thorough coverage of core clusterconfiguration and load balancing, but also explains how to maintain andadminister a Windows 2003 high performance system, and restore and recoverfailed servers in the event of a disaster.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Building the Foundations for a Highly Available Windows Server Architecture

Downloadable Sample Chapter

Download the Sample Chapter related to this title.

Table of Contents


About the Authors.



1. The World of High-Performance, High vailability Windows Computing.


    Service Level.


    High Availability, Downtime, and Failure.

      Scale-Out Availability and Windows Server 2003.


      Scale-Up Availability.

      Scale-Out or Scale-Up?

      Share Everything Versus Share Nothing.

    High-Performance Computing.

      The Need for High-Performance Computing.

      High-Performance Computing for Everyone.

      Supercomputers in Every Closet.

      Processing and Memory.

      High-Performance Components.

      Microsoft and the Cornell Theory Center.


2. Choosing High-Performance Hardware.


    Standards, Vendors, and Common Sense.


      Common Sense.

    Choosing the CPU.



      DRAM with EDO.

      Synchronous DRAM.

      Direct Rambus DRAM (RDRAM).


3. Storage for Highly Available Systems.


    Redundancy and Availability of Storage.

    RAID Refresher.

      RAID 1.

      RAID 5.

      RAID 10.

      RAID Controllers.

    Server Attached Storage Solutions.

    Network Attached Storage Solutions (NAS).

    Storage Area Networks (SAN).

    IP-Based Storage Solutions.


4. Highly Available Networks.


    Backbone Design for High Availability.

    Bandwidth Field Notes.


      What to Look for in Network Interface Cards.

      Hubs, Switches, and Routers.

      Layer 2 Switches.

      Layer 3, Layer 4, and Beyond.

      Routers and Routing in High Availability Architecture.

      Using Hubs for Failover Interconnects.

    SAN Topology Primer.

      Fibre Channel.

      SAN Topology.


      Point-to-Point Topology.




    Architecting SAN Topology for High Availability.


5. Preparing the Platform for a High-Performance Network.


    Architecting Primer.

      Create a Design Plan.

      Design Goals.

      Design Components.

      Design Decisions.

      Design Implications.

    Active Directory Services, Logical Architecture.

    Forest Plan for Highly Available Systems.

      Single Global Catalog.

    Domain Namespace.

      External DNS Domain Name.

      Domain Controllers (DCs).

      Multi-Master Operations (Global Catalogs).

      Single Master Operations (FSMO Roles).

      Schema Master.

      Domain Naming Master.

      RID (Relative Identifier Master).

      Primary Domain Controller Emulator.

      Infrastructure Master.

      Miscellaneous Roles for Domain Controllers.

      Preferred Group Policy Administrator Domain Controller.

      Time Service.

      Organizational Units.

      Group Policy Backgrounder.

      Password Policy.

      Event Log.

      Group Policy Objects for Cluster Servers.

    Active Directory Physical Architecture.


      Site Links.


      Replication Schedule and Notification.


      Connection Objects.

      Site Link Bridge.

      Site Layout and Topology.

    AD Integrated DDNS (Dynamic DNS).

      DNS Architecture.

      Hub Sites.

      Administration of DNS Servers.

      DDNS Configuration.


      Hub Sites.

      Administration of WINS Servers.

    DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol).

      DHCP Architecture.

      DHCP Parameters.

      Scope Details.

    Naming Conventions.


6. Building the Foundations for a Highly Available Architecture.


    Windows Clustering 101.

      The Cluster Model.

      The Quorum Resource.

      Deployment Scenarios.

    Forest Creation Process.

      Installation of Support Server.


    Installation of Root Domain.


    Quality Assurance.

    Forest Preparation, DNS, and Exchange.

    Installation of Bridgehead Servers and the Child Domain.

    Installing DHCP and WINS Services.

    Patching and Updating Domain Controllers.

     Exchange Domain Preparation.

    Creation of Initial Service and Administration Resources.


      Create Shared Disk Resources.

      Prepare the Cluster Network.

      Start Server Cluster Wizard.




7. High-Performance Print-Server Solutions.


    Design Specifications.


      Install Spooler Resources.


8. High-Performance File-Server Solution.


    Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up with File Servers.


      Develop Lab Systems.

      Configure Hardware.

      Configure 2-Node Cluster Services.

      Deploy Standard File System Configuration.

      Define and Implement Backup/Restore Procedures.

      Create a File Server Security Plan.

      Configure Root of a Domain DFS.

      Set Up File Server Administration Tools.

      Define and Implement File Server Antivirus Strategy.

      General Configuration.

      Configuration for File Server Clusters.


      Standard File Share.

      Share or Hide Subdirectories.

      Installing the File Share Resource.

    High Availability Using Replication and Domain DFS.


9. High Availability, High-Performance SQL Server Solutions.


    Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up with Microsoft SQL Server.


    Failover for SQL Server.

    SQL Server Cluster Design Specs.

      Documenting the Dependencies.

      Understanding SQL Server Active/Passive Configurations.

      Active/Active Configurations and Multiple Instances.

      N+1 Configurations.

      Physical Disks.


      Local Disks.

      Standby Services–Advantages and Disadvantages.

    Clustering SQL Server.

    High Availability, High-Performance Notes.

      Storage Notes.

      Failover Resources.

      Enterprise Manager.

      Transactions and Logs.

    Configuration and Planning.

    The Role of Replication.

    Disaster Recovery.

    HA for Analysis Services (OLAP).

      Clustering Analysis Services.

      Create Domain OLAP Administrators Group.

      Clustering SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services Troubleshooting and Best Practices.

    Troubleshooting, Maintenance, and Best Practices.


      Operating System Level-Backup Utilities.

      Anti-Virus Software.

      Windows Updates.



10. High Availability, High-Performance Exchange.


    Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up with Microsoft Exchange.


      Storage Group Architecture.

      Transaction Log Files.

      SMTP Queue Directory.

    Exchange Permissions in the Clustering Architecture.

    Getting Started with Exchange 2003 Clustering.

      Installing Exchange on the Cluster Nodes.

      The Exchange Virtual Server.

      Cluster Groups.

      Cluster Configurations.

      IP Addresses and Network Names.

      Creating the MSDTC Group.

      Creating the EVS.

      Creating an Exchange 2003 System Attendant Resource.

      Configuring a Clustered Back-End Server.


11. Load Balancing.


    Scale-Out Revisited.

    Fault Tolerance and High Availability of NLB.

    Load Balancing for High Performance.

      Sharing Server Load.

      Virtual Servers.

      What Cannot Be Scaled.

      Selecting NLB Clustering Candidates.

    Network Load Balancing Architecture.

    Designing the NLB Cluster.

      Design Specifications.

      Port Rules.

      Setup and Configuration of the NLB Cluster.

      Example NLB Cluster: IIS.

      Example NLB Cluster: Terminal Services.

      Load Balancing and COM Application Servers.

      Multi-Tiered Server Farms.

    NLB Cluster Management.

      Administering the NLB Cluster.


      Disaster Recovery.


12. Internet Information Server.


    IIS 6.0 and the Dedicated Web Server.

    Scale-Out Versus Scale-Up IIS.

      Round Robin DNS.

      Load Balancing.

    NLB for IIS.

    Planning and Configuration.

      IIS Storage.

      FTP Service.


    Maintaining the IIS Server Cluster.

    Disaster Recovery.

    Best Practices.


13. Looking for Trouble: Setting Up Performance Monitoring and Alerts.


    Understanding the Windows Server 2003 Monitoring Systems.

      Event Viewer.

      Exploring System and Performance Monitoring Objects.

      Rate and Throughput.

      Understanding the Work Queue.

      Response Time.

      How Performance Objects Work.

      System Monitoring Tools.

      Working with the Performance Console and the System Monitor.

      How to Use System Monitor.

      Performance Logs and Alerts.

      Using Logs and Alerts.

      Monitoring the Servers.

      Monitoring for Bottlenecks.

      Understanding Your Server’s Workload.

      Performance Monitoring Tips.

    Microsoft Operations Manager.

    MOM Rapid Fire Deployment.

      Verifying Software and Hardware Requirements.

      MOM Service Accounts.

      MOM Database Sizing.


      SQL Server Notes.

      Installing MOM Databases.

      Installing the First Management Server.

      Installing the MOM Administrator and MOM Operator Consoles.

      Discovering Computers and Deploying Agents.

      Agent Failover.

      Installing System Center 2005 Reporting.

      Importing MOM 2005 Management Packs.

      Management Pack Management.




Download the Index file related to this title.


Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020